THE INTERNATIONAL
TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC
JOURNAL

Contents

PROCESSES AND MACHINES OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

Smirnov A. A., Kudryavtsev A. V., Golubev V. V.

Evaluation of technical and economic efficiency within the implementation of innovative methods and means for the fight against Sosnovsky

 
7

Sergeev L. G., Nechaev V. N., Shamin A. E.

Research results of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of granulated food

 
13

Kryukova N. S., Ostretsov V. N.

Grain combine reliability assessment systems

 
22

Tolkachev G. Yu., Korzhenevskiy B. I.

Special observations in the monitoring system of pollution of the sediments of water bodies by heavy metals

 
29

Andrianova L. P., Kabashov V. Yu.

Roof sunny power plant with automatic sun tracking system

 
37

Tishkov V. V., Leshinskay T. B.

Cloud technologies in the field of distribution networks

 
43

Novikov G. Yu., Andreev K. V.

Gas-analytic sensor with ionization in a pulse nanosecond barrier discharge at atmospheric pressure

 
49

Shmigel V. V., Uglovsky A. S., Makhaeva N. Yu.

Carrying out and planning a multifactor experiment of the effectiveness of the separator's work in the STATGRAPHICS program

 
56

Larkin D. K., Skorkin V. K., Karpov V. P.

Impact of livestock enterprises on the environment

 
66

Lakhno A. V., Novikov E. V.

Analysis of the influence of porosity on the properties of composite materials

 
73

Gamidov A. G.

Estimation of efficiency of application of repair and restoration drug "Return Metal"

 
81

 

 

ENERGY

 

Alzakkar Ahmad

Application of artificial neural networks to evaluate stability of voltage of electric power systems in Syria

 
87

 

 

ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES INDEXED IN AGRIS

 

Abstracts

96

 

 

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PROCESSES AND MACHINES

OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-7-12

УДК (632.931.42:633.39).003.13

 

ALEXEY A. SMIRNOV, Postgraduate

ANDREY V. KUDRYAVTSEV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor

VYCHESLAV V. GOLUBEV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Head of Department

Tver State Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Tver

 

EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY WITHIN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INNOVATIVE METHODS AND MEANS FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST SOSNOVSKY

Abstract. The problem of combating Sosnovsky hogweed, which is today a weed, has moved to a higher level. This issue is diversified not only by individual researchers, but also by entire institutions. At the level of cities and regions, strategic programs for several years are used, however, there is no unity of approaches to disposal methods, methods for calculating the implementation efficiency of various technological adapters, as well as technical means. Based on an analysis of the initial requirements for basic technological adapters, as well as systems of technologies and machines used in crop production, a prerequisite for introducing innovative technologies into production is established. Regardless of the level of technology, implementation conditions, monitoring should be carried out at the initial stage when developing fallow lands. The article discusses methods for monitoring territories affected by Sosnovsky cow parsnip, with the determination of the degree of contamination. The accuracy of the results of monitoring weediness with cow parsnip was analyzed, refiecting the main advantages and disadvantages of the methods used. Based on the data obtained, a methodology is presented for calculating the technical and economic efficiency of removing Sosnovsky hogweed from the use of innovative agrotechnical and technological adapters in the development of agricultural fallow lands.

Key words: Sosnowski hogweed, field monitoring, removal technology, methodology for calculating savings, technical and economic efficiency.

 

REFERENCES

1. Tkachenko K. G., Krasnov A. A. Borshchevik Sosnovskogo [Hogweed of Sosnowski]: ekologicheskaya problema ili sel'skohozyajstvennaya kul'tura budushchego? (Obzor) // Byulleten' Botanicheskogo sada-instituta. DVO RAN. 2018. Vyp. 20. pp. 2-21.

2. Smirnov A. A., Kudryavcev A. V., Golubev V. V. Zalezhnye zemlie [Fallow lands] // Nauchnye prioritety v APK: innovacii, problemy, perspektivy razvitiya sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Chast' 2. Tver': Tverskaya GSKHA, 2019. pp. 102-105.

3. Tumanov I. V., Kalinin I. S., Golubev V. V. Mashina dlya udaleniya borshchevika [Hogweed Remover Machine] // Nauchnye prioritety v APK: innovacii, problemy, perspektivy razvitiya: sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Chast' 2. Tver': Tverskaya GSKHA, 2019. pp. 119-124.

4. Kudryavcev A. V. Metodika provedeniya agrotekhnicheskogo polevogo opyta [Methodology for agricultural field experience] / V. V. Golubev, A. V. Kudryavcev, A. S. Firsov i dr. // Sel'skohozyajstvennye mashiny i tekhnologii. 2017. № 4. pp. 43-48.

5. Smirnov S. N., Golubev V. V. Proektirovanie vyravnivatelya s uchetom svojstv pochvy [Land leveling design] // Sbornik trudov studentov i molodyh uchenyh "Problemy i napravleniya razvitiya predpriyatij APK: Vzglyad molodyh uchenyh". Tver': Tverskaya GSKHA, 2018. pp. 130-132.

6. Fomin D. S., Chashchin A. N. Identifikaciya borshchevika Sosnovskogo (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden) po dannym distancionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli v Srednem Predural'e [Identification of the Hogweed Sosnowski (Heracleim Sosnovsky Manden) according to remote sensing of the Earth in the Middle Urals] // Izvestiya Orenburgskogo GAU. 2019. № 1 (75). pp. 68-70.

7. Firsova E. A., Orlova O. S. Formy hozyajstvovaniya na sele: tendencii razvitiya i effektivnost' [Forms of rural management: development trends and efficiency]: monografiya. Tver' : Nauchnaya kniga, 2009. 188 p.

8. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po ocenke effektivnosti investicionnyh proektov (vtoraya redakciya, ispravlennaya i dopolnennaya) (utv. Minekonomiki RF, Minfinom RF i Gosstroem RF ot 21.06.99 n vk 477) (prilozhenie 1, tablicy p 1.1 p 1.3), prilozhenie 2) (chast' 1). URL: https://zakonbase.ru/content/nav/7730

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-13-21

УДК 636.085.553.004.12

 

АLEKSANDЕR G. SERGEEV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, General Director

Doza-Agro LLC, Russian Federation, Nizhny Novgorod

VLADIMIR N. NECHAEV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

ANATOLY E. SHAMIN, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

Nizhny Novgorod state University of engineering and Economics, Russian Federation, Knyaginino

 

RESEARCH RESULTS OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRANULATED FOOD

Abstract. Currently, farmers are facing serious challenges. The policy of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia defines the tasks of not only covering domestic needs, but also building up the export potential of agricultural products. Already, many dairy products, meat, and grain are being delivered to Asian countries. For many farms in our country, this is sometimes an impossible task. Farmers need modern low-cost equipment, a solid base of high-quality feed. Most of our country in the feed balance accounts for concentrated feed and mixtures in loose or granular form: in pig farming up to 90%, poultry farming 93%, cattle breeding 30%. It is scientifically proven that granular feed for several reasons has significant advantages over bulk. However, whether it always meets the necessary indicators and needs, this research is devoted to this. The aim of the work was to assess the quality of the granules obtained at the outlet of the DG-10N press granulator and cooling column at the factory settings. Scientific research on the device and the working process of the elements of the granulation line was carried out at a feed mill in the Rostov region. Selected samples of granular feed were studied in laboratory conditions GBOU VO "NIIEU". Assessment of the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the feed was carried out according to generally accepted methods and GOST. Granules according to their appearance, smell, moisture, crumbiness satisfy the requirements for feeding the declared groups of farm animals and poultry. The operation of the pelletizing line itself meets the requirements of regulatory documentation for feed preparation equipment.

Key words: press granulator, granular mixed feed, quality of granules, groups of farm animals and poultry.

 

REFERENCES

1. Syrovatka V. I. Mashinnye tekhnologii prigotovleniya kombikormov v hozyajstvah. M. : GNU VNIIMZH, 2010. 248 p.

2. Goryachkin V. P. Sobranie sochinenij. M. : Kolos, 1968. T. 3. 384 p.

3. Mel'nikov S. V. Mekhanizaciya i avtomatizaciya zhivotnovodcheskih ferm. L. : Kolos, 1978. 560 p.

4. Aleshkin V. R. Povyshenie effektivnosti processa i tekhnicheskih sredstv mekhanizacii izmel'cheniya kormov: dis. doktora tekhn. nauk: 05.20.01 / Aleshkin Vladimir Romanovich. Kirov, 1995. 446 p.

5. Kormanovskij L. P. Mekhanizaciya zhivotnovodstva i kormoproizvodstva na maloj ferme. M. : Agropromizdat, 1989. 207 p.

6. Sysuev V. A., Aleshkin A. V., Savinyh P. A. Kormoprigotovitel'nye mashiny. Teoriya, razrabotka, eksperiment. V dvuh tomah. Tom 1. Kirov : Zonal'nyj NIISKH. 2009. Tom 2. 496 p.

7. Fedorenko I. Yа. Tekhnologicheskie processy i oborudovanie dlya prigotovleniya kormov. M. : Forum, 2015. 176 p.

8. Sadov V. V. Obosnovanie struktury i sostava tekhnologicheskih linij dlya proizvodstva kombikormov v sel'skohozyajstvennyh predpriyatiyah: dis. doktorа tekhn. nauk: 05.20.01 / Sadov Viktor Viktorovich. Barnaul, 2017. 294 p.

9. Kompaniya "Doza-Agro". URL: http://dozaagro.ru

10. Kompaniya "Rostovskij kombikormovyj zavod". URL: http://rostov-kombikorm.ru

11. GOST 13496.0-80. Kombikorma, syr'e. Metody otbora prob. Vved. 1981-07-01. M. : IPK Izd-vo standartov, 2011. 7 p.

12. GOST R 51899-2002. Kombikorma granulirovannye. Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviya. Vved. 2003-06-01. M. : Standartinform, 2008. -8 p.

13. GOST 13496.8-72. Kombikorma. Metody opredeleniya krupnosti razmola i soderzhaniya nerazmolotyh semyan kul'turnyh i dikorastushchih rastenij (s Izmeneniyami N 1-4). Vved. 1972-27-06. M. : Standartinform, 2011. 3 p.

14. GOST 13496.13-2018. Kombikorma. Metody opredeleniya zapaha, zarazhennosti vreditelyami hlebnyh zapasov. Vved. 2019-07-01. M. : Standartinform, 2018. 9 p.

15. GOST 13496.3-92 (ISO 6496-83). Kombikorma, kombikormovoe syr'e. Metody opredeleniya vlagi. Vved. 1993-01-01. M. : Standartinform, 2011. 5 p.

16. GOST 28497-2014. Korma, kombikorma. Metod opredeleniya kroshimosti granul. Vved. 201601-01. M. : Standartinform, 2014. 6 p.

17. Rukovodyashchij dokument. Ispytaniya sel'skohozyajstvennoj tekhniki: Mashiny i oborudovaniya dlya prigotovleniya kormov: Metody ispytanij (RD. 10.19.2-90). M., 1990. 20 p.

18. STO AIST 19.2-2008. Sel'skohozyajstvennaya tekhnika. Mashiny i oborudovanie dlya prigotovleniya kormov. Poryadok opredeleniya funkcional'nyh pokazatelej. Minsk : Minsel'hozprod, 2008. 47 p.

19. NTP-APK 1.10.16.001-02. Normy tekhnologicheskogo proektirovaniya kormocekhov dlya zhivotnovodcheskih ferm i kompleksov. Vved. 2002-05-01. M. : Ministerstvo sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossijskoj Federacii, 2002

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-22-28

УДК 631.354.2-192

 

NADEZHDA S. KRYUKOVA, master’s degree

VLADIMIR N. OSTRETSOV, scientific adviser, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Economics and automation of business processes

Vologda State Dairy Farming Academy by N.V. Vereshchagin, Russian Federation, Vologda-Molochnoe

 

GRAIN COMBINE RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS

Abstract. The reliability of combine harvesters is one of the most important factors determining the effectiveness of a harvesting campaign. Due to downtime associated with the elimination of failures during harvesting, up to 30 % of the crop may be lost, it is associated with an increase in agricultural time and inability to perform harvesting operations due to changes in the climatic situation. Rapid assessment and prediction of the technical condition of combine harvesters based on the reliability indicators of both individual combine systems and the reliability of a particular unit will improve the efficiency of agricultural operations, ensuring their implementation in the shortest, agrotechnically justified terms. The results of studies to assess the reliability of combine harvester systems in operating conditions are presented. The number of failures in the motor-power plant, chassis, harvesting tools, threshing and separating device and electrical equipment was determined. The smallest number of failures occurred in the chassis and the threshing and separating device, most often failures occurred in a motor-power plant. The reliability of the tools for harvesting was, despite the rather difficult operating conditions associated with direct mechanical stress in the process, at an intermediate level of reliability. The main methods of increasing the reliability of combine harvesters are formalized.

Key words: combine harvester, reliability, failure, technical reliability, technological reliability, reliability indicators.

 

REFERENCES

1. Kipriyanov F. A., Medvedeva N. A. Formirovanie uslovij effektivnogo ispol'zovaniya mashinnotraktornogo parka v usloviyah Vologodskoj oblasti [Formation of conditions for the effective use of the machine and tractor fieet in the conditions of the Vologda region] // Innovacionnyj put' razvitiya predpriyatij APK: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam XXXIH Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava. 2016. pp. 204-208.

2. Kipriyanov F. A., Savinyh P. A. Ocenka dinamiki izmeneniya sel'skohozyajstvennoj tekhniki v hozyajstvah vologodskoj oblasti [Assessment of the dynamics of changes in agricultural machinery in the farms of the Vologda region] // Nauchnaya zhizn'. 2018. № 6. pp. 54-59.

3. Shushkov R. A., Berdennikov E. A., Kipriyanov F. A. O vozmozhnosti individual'nogo podhoda k resheniyu zadach nadezhnosti sel'skohozyajstvennoj tekhniki [On the possibility of an individual approach to solving the problems of reliability of agricultural machinery] // Nauka - proizvodstvu. Vologda, Molochnoe : VGMHA, 2006. pp. 36-40.

4. Shushkov R. A., Berdennikov E. A. O celesoobraznosti sozdaniya universal'nyh remontnyh predpriyatij [On the feasibility of creating universal repair enterprises] // Sbornik trudov VGMHA po rezul'tatam raboty konferencii posvyashchennoj 96-letiyu akademii. Tom 2. Inzhenernye nauki. Vologda, Molochnoe : VGMHA, 2007. pp. 172-174.

5. Zakrepin A. V., Zubakin A. S. Model' optimizacii remontno-tekhnologicheskih parametrov pri remonte dvigatelej [Optimization model of repair and technological parameters during engine repair] : Sbornik trudov VGMHA po rezul'tatam raboty nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 96-letiyu akademii. Tom 2. Vologda, Molochnoe : VGMHA, 2007. 174 p.

6. Smelik V. A. Tekhnologicheskaya nadezhnost' sel'skohozyajstvennyh agregatov s uchetom veroyatnostnyh uslovij raboty [Technological reliability of agricultural units taking into account probabilistic working conditions] // Izvestiya Mezhdunarodnoj akademii agrarnogo obrazovaniya. 2012. Vypusk № 14. Tom 1. 2012. pp. 298-304.

7. Kipriyanov F. A. Povyshenie effektivnosti predupreditel'nogo remonta [Improving preventive maintenance] // Nauchnaya zhizn'. 2017. № 9. pp. 6-11.

8. Shushkov R. A., Berdennikov E. A. Optimal'noe raspredelenie remontno-obsluzhivayushchih vozdejstvij mezhdu predpriyatiyami tekhnicheskogo servisa APK [The optimal distribution of repair and maintenance effects between enterprises of the technical service of the agro-industrial complex] // V sb.: Materialy ezhegodnyh smotrov-sessij aspirantov i molodyh uchenyh po otraslyam nauk. Sel'skohozyajstvennye nauki. Otvetstvennyj za vypusk O. I. Topal. Vologda, Molochnoe : VGMHA, 2008. pp. 90-94.

9. Vodolazko A. N., Kipriyanov F. A., Savinyh P. A., Smelik V. A. Ocenka nadezhnosti kombajnov v usloviyah Vologodskoj oblasti [Evaluation of the reliability of harvesters in the conditions of the Vologda region] // Nauchnaya zhizn'. 2018. № 4. pp. 21-26.

10. Smelik V. A., Kipriyanov F. A., Vodolazko A. N. Ocenki tekhnicheskoj i tekhnologicheskoj nadezhnosti zernouborochnyh i kormouborochnyh kombajnov [Evaluation of the technical and technological reliability of combine and forage harvesters] // Izvestiya Mezhdunarodnoj akademii agrarnogo obrazovaniya. 2018. № 41-1. pp. 49-55.

11. Smelik V. A. Kriterii ocenki i metody obespecheniya tekhnologicheskoj nadezhnosti sel'skohozyajstvennyh agregatov s uchetom veroyatnostnoj prirody uslovij ih raboty [Evaluation criteria and methods for ensuring the technological reliability of agricultural units, taking into account the probabilistic nature of their working conditions]: dis. doktora tekhn. nauk : 05.20.01 / Smelik Viktor Aleksandovich. SPb., 1999. 561 p.

12. Smelik V. A. Tekhnologicheskaya nadezhnost' sel'skohozyajstvennyh agregatov i sredstva ee obespecheniya: monografiya. [Technological reliability of agricultural units and means of its support (monograph). ] Yaroslavl', 1999. 230 p.

13. Lur'e A. B., Enikeev V. G., Teplinskij I. Z., Smelik V. A. Sel'skohozyajstvennye mashiny (Mashiny dlya obrabotki pochvy, poseva, posadki, vneseniya udobrenij i himicheskoj zashchity rastenij) [Agricultural machines (Machines for tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizing and chemical plant protection)]: uchebnoe posobie. SPb. : SPbGAU, 1998. 366 p.

14. Kipriyanov F. A. Strategiya povysheniya ekspluatacionnoj nadezhnosti [Operational Reliability Strategy] // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov VGMHA "Perspektivnye napravleniya nauchnyh issledovanij molodyh uchenyh Severo-Zapada Rossii". Vologda, Molochnoe : VGMHA, 2001. pp. 37-40.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-37-42

УДК 631.22:628.8/9

 

LYUDMILA P. ANDRIANOVA, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

VLADIMIR Yu. KABASHOV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Bashkir State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Ufa

 

ROOF SUNNY POWER PLANT WITH AUTOMATIC SUN TRACKING SYSTEM

Abstract. The article presents the original design of the roof solar power station with an improved system of automation of azimuthal rotation and the rotation of the solar photovoltaic battery from west to east. A feature of this design is that the solar photovoltaic battery is mounted on a horizontal shaft at an angle to the horizon plane equal to the maximum zenithal angle of the sun at noon, while the active surface of the solar battery is directed towards the sun, and the shaft is placed on racks whose height corresponds to at least at least half the width of the solar panel. The design of the solar power station provides additional solar cells: left, right and rear. The left and right solar cells are installed at an angle of 210...220o to the surface of the solar battery, and the rear solar cell can be installed at any angle from the back of the solar battery. Additional solar cells play the role of sensors for the position of the sun, with the help of which full automatic tracking of the sun is carried out without adjustments to the zenith angle.

Key words: roof solar power station, horizontal shaft, photovoltaic battery, additional solar cells, automation system, azimuthal rotation drive, turning the power plant from west to east.

 

REFERENCES

1. Andrianova L. P., Kabashov V. Yu. Energoobespechenie decentralizovannyh potrebitelej na osnove kryshnyh vetrodvigatelej i solnechnyh elektrostancij [Energy supply of decentralized consumers based on roof wind turbines and solar power plants] // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2019. № 1. pp. 72-78.

2. Pat. 95900 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK H 01 L 31/042 (2006.01). Solnechnaya elektrostanciya / Andrianova L. P., Prokopov O. I., Tukbaeva A. E., Zinov M. V.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Andrianova Lyudmila Prokop'evna (RU), Prokopov Oleg Ivanovich (RU), Tukbaeva Anna Evgen'evna (RU), Zinov Mihail Vladimirovich (RU). № 2010103641/22; zayavl. 10.02.10; opubl. 10.07.10, Byul. № 19.

3. Andrianova L. P., Usmanova A. E. Solnechnye energeticheskie ustanovki s povyshennoj energeticheskoj effektivnost'yu [Energy Efficiency Solar Power Plants] // Aktual'nye problemy energoobespecheniya predpriyatij: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konf., provodimoj v ramkah HIV Rossijskogo energeticheskogo foruma. Ufa : Bashkirskij GAU, 2014. pp. 18-23.

4. Pat. 94380 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK H 01 L 31/042 (2006.01) F 24 J 2/54 (2006.01). Solnechnaya elektrostanciya / Andrianova L. P., Prokopov O. I., Tukbaeva A. E., Ahmetshin A. T.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Andrianova Lyudmila Prokop'evna (RU), Prokopov Oleg Ivanovich (RU), Tukbaeva Anna Evgen'evna (RU), Ahmetshin Artur Talgatovich (RU). № 2010103659/22; zayavl. 03.02.10; opubl. 20.05.10, Byul. № 14.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-43-48

УДК 631.155:658.514:621.316

 

VITALIY V. TISHKOV, Postgraduate

TAMARA B. LESHINSKAYA, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

CLOUD TECHNOLOGIES IN THE FIELD OF DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS

Abstract. The analysis of modern relevant technologies for distribution networks. A variety of networks and networks allows you to create complex networks for power networks with minimal cost. Economic losses from unacceptable electric energy, as well as work with portable power plants. The creation and implementation of new information technologies in the electric power industry requires implementation. The lack of effective approaches to increase the efficiency of the use of information technologies predetermines the feasibility and necessity of a comprehensive assessment of the benefits and limitations of their use, as well as long-term future development. Various types of tasks necessary for the dispatch control of information systems and search results in the field of cloud technology application and the creation of neural networks for predicting possible emergencies based on analytical data provided by electric grid organizations are considered.

Key words: information technology, energy, cloud technology, dispatch system.

 

REFERENCES

1. Shajhutdinov A. Obzor oblachnyh tekhnologij v energetike. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya social'noekonomicheskogo potenciala rossijskih regionov [Overview of cloud technologies in the energy sector. Problems and prospects for the development of socio-economic potential of the Russian regions]: Materialy III Vserossijskoj elektronnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2014. Cheboksary : Pegas, 2014. pp. 362-369.

2. Shajhutdinov A. Oblachnye tekhnologii v biznese: Problemy ispol'zovaniya i perspektivy razvitiya. [Cloud technologies in business: Usage problems and development prospects] / Mezhdunarodnyj molodezhnyj simpozium po menedzhmentu, ekonomiki i finansam: sbornik nauchnyh statej. Kazan' : Kazanskiy universitet, 2014. pp. 436-438.

3. Oblachnye vychisleniya kak nastoyashchee i budushchee IT. URL: http://venture-biz.ru/informatsionnye-tekhnologii/205-oblachnye-vychisleniya

4. Glushchenko P. V. Problemy intellektual'noj energetiki v Rossii [Intellectual energy problems in Russia] // Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2013. № 5 (91). pp. 33-38.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-49-55

УДК 681.586:621.433

 

GEORGIY YU. NOVIKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

National Research University Moscow Energy Institute, branch, Russian Federation, Smolensk

KIRILL V. ANDREEV, Research Assistant

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

 

GAS-ANALYTIC SENSOR WITH IONIZATION IN A PULSE NANOSECOND BARRIER DISCHARGE AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

Abstract. The results of the development of a facility for producing a nanosecond barrier discharge are presented. A feature and novelty of the development lies in the possibility of a reliable operation at atmospheric pressure. Analogues of such installations do not exist. It is proposed to use the resulting device as a source of ionization of a gas analytical sensor based on new physical principles. A nanosecond volumetric barrier discharge at atmospheric pressure in the medium was obtained between a brass grid and a dielectric coated electrode. When measuring the charge by the transported ion current, information is obtained on the content of CO or CO2 in the space between the electrodes. A physical model is proposed that explains the possibility of obtaining a volumetric barrier discharge at atmospheric pressure. It is established that the natural mechanism of the appearance of primary charge carriers in the discharge chamber is field emission from a metal electrode. Experimental studies confirm the theoretical model and show the possibility of determining the presence of CO impurities in the concentration range 0...1% in the composition of atmospheric air and CO2 in the concentration range 0...0.5%.

Key words: gas analytic sensor, volumetric barrier discharge, field emission, ion current.

 

REFERENCES

1. Ivanov G. M., Kuznecov N. D., Chistyakov V. S. Teplotekhnicheskie izmereniya i pribory [Thermotechnical measurements and devices]: uchebnik dlya vuzov. M. : MEI, 2007. 460 p.

2. Mesyac G. A., Korolev Yu. D. Fizika impul'snogo proboya gazov [Pulse Breakdown Physics]. M. : Nauka, 1991. 223 p.

3. Pavlenko V. A. Gazoanalizatory. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1995. 295 p.

4. Voronina V. I. Vliyanie parametrov bar'ernogo razryada na elektrosintez ozona [The effect of barrier discharge parameters on ozone synthesis]: avtoref. dis. kand. fiz.-mat. nauk: 02.00.04 / Voronina Valeriya Ivanovna. M., 1985. 20 p.

5. Kurbanov M. A. Elektricheskij razryad v vozdushnom zazore, ogranichennom dielektrikami [Electric discharge in an air gap limited by dielectrics]: avtoref. dis. kand. fiz.-mat. nauk. Baku, 1974.

6. Mesyac G. A. Issledovanie po generirovaniyu moshchnyh nanosekundnyh impul'sov [Power nanosecond pulse study]: dis. doktora tekhn. nauk. Tomsk, 1966. 292 p.

7. Brytkov V. V., Zienko S. I., Novikov G. Yu. Plazmenno-ionizacionnyj gazoanaliticheskij datchik [Plasma-ionization gas analyzer] / PTE. 1997. № 4. pp. 37-39.

8. Borombaev M. K., Sharshembiev K., Engel'sht V. S. Bar'erno-poverhnostnyj razryad v dvuhkanal'nom provode [Barrier-surface discharge in a two-channel wire] // Vestnik KRSU. 2002. № 2. pp. 53-58.

9. Pat. 2146361 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK G 01 N 27/68 (2000.01). Sposob gazovogo analiza s impul'snoj ionizaciej issleduemoj smesi v bar'ernom razryade / Brytkov V. V., Zienko S. I., Novikov G. Yu.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Smolenskij filial Moskovskogo energeticheskogo instituta. № 97117389/28; zayavl. 21.10.1997; opubl. 10.03.2000; Byul. № 7.

10. Bykovskij Yu. A., Kozlechenkov V. P., Nikolaev I. N. Pribor dlya opredeleniya koncentracii vodoroda v vozduhe: pribory i tekhnika eksperimenta [A device for determining the concentration of hydrogen in air: devices and experimental techniques]. 1992. № 1. pp. 197-199.

11. Brytkov V. V., Zienko S. I., Novikov G. Yu. Issledovanie bar'ernogo razryada v impul'snom rezhime [Pulse barrier discharge study]: Sb. nauch. trudov MEI. Smolensk, 1995. № 5.

12. Gibalov V. I., Kozlov K. V., Samojlovich V. G. Fizicheskaya himiya bar'ernogo razryada [Physical chemistry of a barrier discharge]. M. : Moskovskij universitet, 1989. 175 p.

13. Sroka W. Lichtemission in vakuumultraviolet durch elektronenstossangregung in gasen T. B: Untersuchungen in sanerstobb. // Z. Naturforch. Bd 23a, h. 12, 1968, pp. 2004-2013.

14. Korolev Yu. D., Mesyac G. A. Fizika impul'snogo proboya gazov [Pulse Breakdown Physics]. M. : Nauka, 1991. 223 p.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-56-65

УДК 621.928.003.13

 

VLADIMIR V. SHMIGEL, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

ARTEM S. UGLOVSKY, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Senior Lecturer

NATALYA YU. MAKHAEVA, Postgraduate

Yaroslavl State Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Yaroslavl

 

CARRYING OUT AND PLANNING A MULTIFACTOR EXPERIMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE SEPARATOR'S WORK IN THE STATGRAPHICS PROGRAM

Abstract. The effectiveness of electrostatic separation processes depends on many factors, including the characteristics of the seeds to be sorted, the feed rate, the configuration of the electrode system, the applied high voltage and environmental conditions. The possibility of optimizing the operation of industrial electrostatic separators using fairly simple methods of experimental design using calculations has already been demonstrated. The aim of this work is to analyze the features of the application of a more complex group of methods for experimental design of the response surface using quadratic functions to model the process of electrostatic separation. One of the unique contributions to this work is to consider the economic value of the process in addition to the technical result. 17 tests of electrostatic separation corresponding to the central design were carried out on a separator. The laboratory separator used for this study made it possible to strictly control two factors: the applied high voltage level and the oscillation amplitude of the sieve mill. The optimal operating conditions calculated by the quadratic model obtained from the experimental results are in good agreement with the test data of the pilot plant. Thus, the highest recovery of useful materials was obtained at high voltage and low speed, while the optimal conditions for the greatest economic value were found at high voltage and high speed. The response surface methodology can be easily applied to most industrial applications of electrostatic separation technology.

Key words: design of experiments, electrostatic separation, experimental modeling, response surface method.

 

REFERENCES

1. Shmigel' V. N. O primenenii elektrostaticheskogo polya dlya povysheniya razdelyayushchej sposobnosti reshet s kruglymi otverstiyami [The use of an electrostatic field to increase the separation ability of sieves with round holes] // Trudy CHIMESKH. 1972. Vyp. 61. pp. 24-27.

2. Shmigel' V. N., Cherdynceva S. F. Issledovanie elektricheskogo polya v zone kruglogo otverstiya elektrodaresheta [The study of the electric field in the area of the round hole of the sieve electrode] // Trudy CHIMESKH. 1974. Vyp. 75. pp. 75-80.

3. Shmigel' V. N. Proseivanie zernovyh chastic cherez kruglye otverstiya resheta-elektroda pri nalozhenii elektrostaticheskogo polya [Sifting of grain particles through the round holes of the sieve electrode when applying an electrostatic field] // Trudy VNIIZ. 1974. Vyp. 78. pp. 78-80.

4. Shmigel' V. V. Issledovanie elektricheskih polej elektrostaticheskogo separatora [Study of the electric fields of an electrostatic separator] // Vestnik RASKHN. 2001. № 6. pp. 72-73.

5. Shmigel' V. V., Sokolov Yu. E. Issledovanie elektrostaticheskogo polya reshetnogo separatora [Investigation of the electrostatic field of a sieve separator] // Problemy razvitiya energetiki v usloviyah proizvodstvennyh preobrazovanij: nauch. tr. po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii (24-23 dekabrya 2003 goda). T. 1. Izhevsk: Izhevskaya gosudarstvennaya sel'skohozyajstvennaya akademiya, 2003. pp. 83-87.

6. Shmigel' V. V., Mahaeva N. Yu. Analiz polya otverstiya reshetnogo elektrostaticheskogo separatora [Analysis of the opening field of a sieve electrostatic separator] // Energosberegayushchie tekhnologii v APK: sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem / Yaroslavskaya gosudarstvennaya sel'skohozyajstvennaya akademiya. Yaroslavl', 2019. pp. 139-148.

7. Haga K. Applications of the electrostatic separation technique, in Handbook of Electrostatic Processes, J. S. Chang, A. J. Kelly, and J. M. Crowley, Eds. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp. 365-386.

8. Higashiyama Y., Asano K. Recent progress in electrostatic separation technology, Particulate Sci. Technol., 1998. Vol. 16, pp. 77-90.

9. Frigon N. L., Mathews D. Practical Guide to Experimental Design. New York: Wiley, 1996.

10. Hicks C. R., Turner K. V. Jr. Fundamental Concepts in the Design of Experiments. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1999.

11. Eriksson L., Johansson E., Kettaneh-Wold N., Wikstrom C., Wold S. Design of Experiments. Principles and Applications. Stockholm, Sweden: Learnways AB, 2000.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-66-72

УДК 631.14:636:502/504

 

DMITRY K. LARKIN, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

VLADIMIR K. SKORKIN, Advanced Doctor in Agricultural Sciences, Professor, laboratory chief

VICTOR P. KARPOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences

Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Institute of livestock mechanization, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK ENTERPRISES ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Abstract. Pollution of the atmosphere, soil and water sources, decrease in the quality of products and living conditions of the population most often occurs due to imperfection of the applied technologies and technical means, non-compliance with environmental and technological requirements. Agricultural production is accompanied by the release of gases into the environment, of which methane, nitrous oxide and ammonia are considered the most harmful. At the same time, more than 80% of methane emissions from enzymatic processes and the utilization of manure come from milk and beef enterprises. A methodology for calculating the potential load on the atmosphere, soil and water sources from the activities of the livestock complex in the production, introduction of organic fertilizers into the soil, as well as the introduction of unprepared manure is given. The environmental burden associated with the production and application of organic fertilizers is determined mainly by nitrogen losses. The applied technologies for the production of organic fertilizers in the form of granules provide a reduction in the nutrient loss of fertilizers, are promising and can reduce the burden on the environment. The impact of the livestock enterprise on the soil occurs mainly during its processing, the application of organic fertilizers and unprepared manure for crops, as well as during the processing and harvesting of plants. Surface water pollution is one of the most important negative impacts of agricultural production on the natural environment. The results of calculations performed according to the described method are presented, which allow one to determine indicators for the content and loss of nitrogen from manure at different stages of its storage, transportation and processing, and to estimate the emissions of ammonia into the atmosphere and water from manure, fertilizers for cattle farms (cattle) 200, 400 and 800 goals.

Key words: livestock enterprise, environmental safety, atmosphere, soil, water bodies, calculation procedure, methane, nitrous oxide, ammonia.

 

REFERENCES

1. Skorkin V. K., Larkin D. K., Skorkin A. V. Obosnovanie optimal'nyh razmerov molochnyh ferm v Rossii [Justification of the optimal size of dairy farms in Russia] // Tekhnika i oborudovanie dlya sela. 2016. № 12 (234). pp. 28-31.

2. Gridneva T. T. Emissiya vrednyh gazov pri proizvodstve zhivotnovodcheskoj produkcii [Emission of harmful gases from livestock production] // Vestnik VNIIMZH. 2012. № 4 (8). pp. 61-69.

3. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo dlya sel'skohozyajstvennyh predpriyatij / V. N. Afanas'ev, P. A. Suhanov, A. V. Afanas'ev i dr. / pod red. V. N. Afanas'eva. SPb. : SZNIIMESKH, 2005. 272 р.

4. Skorkin V. K., Larkin D. K., Skorkin G. K. Sistemy zhizneobespecheniya zhivotnyh na fermah KRS v razlichnyh prirodno-klimaticheskih usloviyah [Animal life support systems on cattle farms in various climatic conditions] // Vestnik VNIIMZH. 2017. № 4(28). pp. 29-36.

5. Skorkin V. K., Larkin D. K., Aksenova V. P., Andryuhina O. L. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' zhivotnovodcheskih predpriyatij po proizvodstvu moloka [Environmental safety of livestock dairy enterprises] // Vestnik VNIIMZH. 2016. № 3 (21). pp. 4-8.

6. Denisov V. A., Larkin D. K. Upravlencheskaya model' i algoritmy ekologo-ekonomicheskoj ocenki sistem podgotovki navoza k ispol'zovaniyu [Management model and algorithms for environmental and economic assessment of systems for preparing manure for use] // Sb. nauch. tr. VNIIMZH. 2008. T. 18. Ch. 4. pp. 62-72.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-73-80

УДК 621.763:620.192.47

 

ALEKSANDR V. LAKHNO, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Penza State University of Architecture and Construction, Russian Federation, Penza

EVGENIY V. NOVIKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF POROSITY ON THE PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Abstract. The necessity of taking into account the porosity of composites in the calculation and design of structural materials for various branches of materials science is shown. Many physicochemical and operational properties of polymer composite materials depend both on the component composition and, to a large extent, on the defects present in them, which manifest themselves in the form of pores, cracks, which are stress concentrators. A significant effect of porosity on the elastoplastic properties of polymer composite materials was revealed. An increase in porosity leads to a decrease in the binder content in the material, and the PCM structural skeleton is weakened. This leads to a direct decrease in the density of the composite, as a result, the quality of the resulting materials deteriorates. From the analysis it follows that the density of the boundary layers of the polymer matrix changes singularly with an increase in the volume content of the filler. The dependences of density and strength during uniaxial compression of polyester and epoxy samples on the content of dispersed filler are shown. The experimental calculation method for determining the matrix density is briefiy presented. Evaluation of the density of the polymer matrix with air inclusions allows predicting the operational properties of polymer composite materials in advance.

Key words: composite material, pore formation, polymer matrix, dispersed filler, density, elastoplastic properties, structural framework.

 

REFERENCES

1. Shafigullin L. N. Issledovanie vysokotekhnologichnyh kompozicionnyh materialov s zadannymi fizikomekhanicheskimi svojstvami dlya izdelij mashinostroeniya [The study of high-tech composite materials with specified physical and mechanical properties for engineering products]: dis. kand. tekhn. nauk : 05.20.01 / Shafigullin Lenar Nurgaleevich. Naberezhnye CHelny, 2009. 227 p.

2. Bobryshev A. N., Lahno A. V., Kozomazov R. V., Bobryshev A. A. Struktura i svojstva dispersnonapolnennyh kompozitnyh materialov Penza [The structure and properties of dispersion-filled composite materials Penza] : PGUAS, 2012. 160 p.

3. Informacionnyj resurs. URL: https://cyberpedia.su/9x15433.html

4. Kozomazov V. N. Struktura i svojstva vysokonapolnennyh stroitel'nyh polimernyh kompozitov [The structure and properties of highly filled building polymer composites]: avtoref. dis. doktora tekhn. nauk : 05.23.05 / Kozomazov Vladimir Nikolaevich. M., 1997. 44 p.

5. Lahno A. V. Nekotorye aspekty usileniya polimernyh kompozitov [Some aspects of the reinforcement of polymer composites] / A. V. Lahno, A. N. Bobryshev, P. A. Zubarev, V. O. Petrenko, E. V. Novikov // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2012. № 5. pp. 100-105.

6. Novikov E. V. Klasteroi treshchinoobrazovanie v kompozitah [Cluster and crack formation in composites] / E. V. Novikov, A. V. Lahno, A. N. Bobryshev, P. A. Zubarev // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhnikoekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2012. № 5. pp. 96-99.

7. Podshivalova K. S., Lahno A. V., Valyuhov A. A., Erofeev V. T. Plotnost' dispersno-napolnennyh kompozitov [Dispersion-filled composites density] // Vestnik Mordovskogo universiteta. 2008. № 4. pp. 92-97.

8. Bobryshev A. N. Analiz kriticheskogo soderzhaniya napolnitelya v kompozite s pozicij teorii perkolyacii [Analysis of the critical filler content in the composite from the standpoint of percolation theory] / A. N. Bobryshev, A. V. Lahno, P. V. Voronov, A. A. Bobryshev. E. V. Novikov // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2013. № 6. pp. 93-98.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-81-86

УДК 620.178.4/.6:620.183

 

ABDURACHMAN G. GAMIDOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow


ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF APPLICATION OF REPAIR AND RESTORATION DRUG “RETURN METAL”

Abstract. The effectiveness of the repair and restoration preparation "Return Metal" for the indivisible restoration of worn friction surfaces with a simultaneous increase in their wear resistance and other technical and economic characteristic using s is considered. As a result of laboratory, bench and operational tests, it was found that the Return Metal preparation is able to partially restore wear and microdefects of rubbing surfaces by forming copper protective servo films on them, which are refiected by two energy bursts of copper on the Auger spectrum. The formation of protective servovitic films due to metal plating with copper, contained in the preparation in ionic form, allows the use of Return Metal as a repair and restoration agent. The introduction of the Return Metal preparation provides: an increase in compression in the engine cylinders by an average of 19 % with a decrease in the unevenness coefficient of 1.73 times and equalization of its value for individual cylinders, an increase in effective power by 9 % and a decrease in specific fuel consumption by 9.6 %. At the same time, maximum indicators reach after a car mileage of about 1.500 km or a tractor engine operating time of more than 10 moto-h and different times are saved depending on the initial technical condition of the car or tractor. The use of the “Return Metal” preparation allows increasing the average compression in the engine cylinders up to 50 %, reducing the carbon monoxide content in the exhaust gases up to 3 times, saving up to 10 % of fuel and providing easier start-up and stable operation of the engine.

Key words: friction, wear, CIP, tribotechnical tests, physico-chemical studies, metal plating additive, restoration of rubbing joints.

 

REFRENCES

1. Garkunov D. N. Tribotekhnika: iznosibezyznosnost' [Tribotechnology: wear and tear]: uchebnik dlya vuzov. M. : RGAU-MSKHA, 2001. 616 p.

2. Balabanov V. I. Bezrazbornyj servis avtomobilya (obkatka, profilaktika, ochistka, tyunning, vosstanovlenie) [CIP service of the car (running-in, prevention, cleaning, tuning, restoration)] / V. I. Balabanov, V. I. Beklemyshev, A. G. Gamidov, S. A. Ishchenko i dr. M. : Izvestiya, 2007. 271 p.

3. Balabanov V. I., Bystrov V. N. Osobennosti provedeniy alaboratorny hispytanij materialov sopryazheniya "shejkakolenchatogovala-vkladysh" traktornyh dvigatelej v rezhimeizbiratel'nogoperenosa [Peculiarities of conducting laboratory materials of tension "neck of the crankshaft-liner" of tractor engines in selective transfer mod] / Mezhvuzovskij sbornik "Bezyznosnost'-92". Rostov-na-Donu, 1992. pp. 18-25.

4. Gamidov A. G. Razrabotka i issledovanie remontno-vosstanovitel'nyh preparatov dlya avtotraktornyh dvigatelej [Development and research of repair and repair preparations for automotive engines ]: avtoref. dis. kand. tekhn. nauk: 05.20.03 / Gamidov Abdurahman Gadzhievich. M., 2007. 15 p.

5. Erohin M. N. Tribologicheskie osnovy povysheniy a resursama shin (voprosy i otvety): uchebnoe posobie [Tribological basis for increasing the resource of machines (questions and answers): a training manual] / M. N. Erohin, D. N. Garkunov, V. V. Strel'cov i dr. M. : FGOU VPO MGAU, 2003. 103 p.

6. Ishchenko S. A. Progressivnye tekhnologii tekhnicheskogo servisa avtotraktornoj tekhniki [Advanced technologies of technical service of automotive equipment]. M. : OOO "UMC "Triada", 2005. 80 p.

 

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ENERGY

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2020-70-1-87-95

УДК 621.311-192(569.1)

 

ALZAKKAR AHMAD, Postgraduate

Kazan State Power Engineering University, Respublika Tatarstan, g. Kazan'

 

APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS TO EVALUATE STABILITY OF VOLTAGE OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS IN SYRIA

Abstract. The management of power system has become more difficult than earlier because power systems are operated closer to security limits, environmental constraints restrict the expansion of transmission network, the need for long distance power transfers has increased and fewer operators are engaged in the supervision and operation of power systems. Voltage instability has become a major concern in many power systems and many blackouts have been reported, where the reason has been voltage instability. In the present work, the electric voltage stability in Muharda station in Syria has studied during the normal and up normal loading state. The results in this study were getting from artificial neural network, which is consisting from three layers (input-hidden-output), where this network characterized by the speed and accuracy in processing before the failure and turn off the supplying which may lead to economical problems. This study has been done through two different patterns of generating in this station (single-double) generators. The achievement of this network consists of two stages: training Stage (off-line) and testing Stage (on-line) to make a comparison between the training stage and testing stage which leading to optimization the load in testing cases depending on training data.

Key words: Muharda station, artificial neural network (ANN), voltage collapse, generation pattern, voltage stability.

 

REFERENCES

1. Prabha Kundur Power System Stability and Control, Electric Power Research Institute, 1993, pp. 1176.

2. Huabo Shi, Xiaoyan Zhou Stability Analysis on Power System with Large Power Source, Scientific Research, 2013. pp. 517-521.

3. Prabha Kundur, John Paserba, Venkat Ajjarapu, Goran Andersson Definition and Classification of Power System Stability, IEEE Transactions on power systems, 2004. рр. 1387-1401.

4. Sumit Paudyal, Gokaraju Krishna, Mohindar S. Sachdev Application of Equal Area Criterion Conditions in the Time Domain for Out-of-Step Protection, IEEE Trans, 2010.

5. El-Khazraji H. Assessment of Power System Transient Stability by (TSM) Method, Iraqi academic scientific journals, 2011.

6. Crescenzio Gallo. Artificial Neural Network: tutorial, 2017, pp. 189.

7. Sachdev M., Shuh H., Solanics P., Williams J. Voltage Collapse Mitigation, Report to IEEE Power System Relaying Committee,1996, 36 р.

8. Isaac Samuel, Aremu Cladius Ojo, James Katende, Ayokunle Awelewa Prediction of Voltage Collapse in Electrical Power System Networks using a New Voltage Stability Index, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 2017.

9. James A. Momoh, Mohamad E. El-Hawary Electric Systems Dynamics & Stability with Artificial Intelligence Applications, Dalhousie University Halifax, 2000, 356 р.

10. Baba Shehu Waziri, Kabbir Bala, Shehu Bustani Artificial Neural Networks in Construction Engineering and Management, International Journal of Architecture, 2017.

11. Ajoy Kumar Palit, Gerhard Doeding Backpropagation Based Training Algorithm for TakagiSugeno Type MIMO Neuro-Fuzzy Network to Forecast Electrical Load Time Series, IEEE Trans, 2002.

12. Mutasem Alsmadi, Shahrul Azman Mohd Noah, Khairuddin Omar Back Propagation Algorithm: The Best Algorithm Among the Multi-layer Perceptron Algorithm, https://www.researchgate.net, 2009.

13. Mirza Cilimkovic Neural Networks and Back Propagation Algorithm, Institute of Technology Blanchardstown, 2010.

14. Heikki N. Koivo Neural Networks: Basics Using Matlab Neural Network Toolbox, 2008, 59 р.

15. Mark Hudson Beale, Martin T. Hagan, Howard B. Demuth Neural Network Toolbox™ 7 User’s Guide, University of California, 2011. 951 р.

 

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