THE INTERNATIONAL
TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ENERGY

 

Vasilev S. S., Baisheva L. M.

On the possibility of cooling from a heat power plant on the example of Yakutsk

 
7

Gorbunova M. I.

Possibilities for monitoring and regulating voltage in electrical wiring of buildings and structures under conditions of digitalization of electric power

 
18

Safarzoda A. H.

Direct current automatic micro-network voltage control system

 
26

Patkin N. S., Borisov D. E.

Designing a smart aircraft wing as an element of energy saving aeronautical engineering

 
33

 

 

PROCESSES AND MACHINES OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

Popov A. N., Andreev L. N.

Development and approbation of ultrasonic displayer of mines

 
42

Savchuk I. V., Surinskiy D. O., Bolshakov Y. N.

Increasing the effectiveness of the electrophysical method of combating insects pests in the agricultural complex

 
51

Leshtayev O. V., Navrotskaya L. V., Stushkina N. A.

Effect of bidirectional reflectivity of mirrors on heat exchange by radiation

 
57

Shmigel V. V., Uglovsky A. S., Egorychev V. V.

Carrying out and planning of a multifactor experiment for ozonator installation in the STATGRAPHICS program

 
62

Akhmetshin A. T., Andrianova L. P., Usmanova A. E.

Principles of construction of energy-efficient autonomous solar photoelectric power stations with full monitoring of the sun

 
74

Andrianova L. P., Kabashov V. Y.

Original marine mobile hydro- and hydro-retro electric power stations of increased efficiency

 
81

Kofal' A. V., Kravchenko V. A., Kudrina K. M.

Provision of technospheric safety in the implementation of electric power projects in agricultural complexes

 
88

Litvinchev M. K., Golosov F. O., Lutchev V. D.

Green-energy projects to ensure global technosphere security on the example of agriculture industry

 
97

Karapetyan M. A., Mochunova N. A.

New technical solutions for using automation means for managing units of foreign tractors

 
105

Pryahin V. N., Karapetyan M. A., Mochunova N. A.

Extreme management of multiple objects of agricultural complex

 
110

Bondarenko A. M., Kachanova L. S., Reva A. F., Glechikova N. A.

Management mechanism formation of technologies for recycling of organic waste in agricultural sector of economy formation

 
117

 

 

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ENERGY

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-7-17

УДК 338.(4/9):621.311.22.(571.36)

 

SEMEN S. VASILEV, Postgraduate

The Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences V. P. Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of the RAS, Russian Federation, Sakha Republic, Yakutsk

LIDIYA M. BAISHEVA, Senior Lecturer

North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation, Sakha Republic, Yakutsk

 

ON THE POSSIBILITY OF COOLING FROM A HEAT POWER PLANT ON THE EXAMPLE OF YAKUTSK

Abstract. In connection with the advent of new technologies that increase the energy efficiency of systems, the integration of intellectual, heat, cold, gas supply systems is an established trend in modern energy. The main goal of considering centralized cold supply as a necessary link in the fundamental goal of the energy sector is to create comfortable working and living conditions for the population. The world experience in operating absorption equipment is analyzed. To assess the effectiveness of the use of absorption refrigeration technology in the power system of the city of Yakutsk, the conclusions of studies of the experience of operating this technology in Sweden are used. The choice is justified by comparing the climatic conditions of the city of Yakutsk, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the city of Stockholm, Sweden. Calculations of potential waste thermal energy are given, they can serve as a source of energy for generating cold, and an assessment of the need for cold supply in Yakutsk is carried out. An alternative use of the potential amount of cold in the summer is considered. The possibility of using absorption cooling as a tool for the restoration of permafrost soils - the foundation of the city. An attempt was made to assess the profitability of centralized cold supply with absorption equipment using the example of Yakutsk.

Key words: integrated systems, complex problems, absorption chillers, centralized cold supply.

 

REFERENCES

1. Voropaj N. I., Stennikov V. A., Barahtenko E. A. Integrirovannye energeticheskie sistemy: vyzovy, tendencii, ideologiya [Integrated Energy Systems: Challenges, Trends, Ideology] // Problemy prognozirovaniya. 2017. № 5 (164). pp. 39-49.

2. Voropaj N. I., Saneev B. G. i dr. Energetika budushchego: kompleksnye problemy innovacionnogo razvitiya i upravleniya [Energy of the future: complex problems of innovative development and management] // Sb. statej vserossijskoj konferencii "Energetika Rossii v XXI veke. Innovacionnoe razvitie i upravlenie". 2015. pp. 10-22.

3. Voropaj N. I., Stennikov V. A., Barahtenko E. A. i dr. Integrirovannye energeticheskie sistemy kak innovacionnoe napravlenie energetiki budushchego [Integrated energy systems as an innovative trend in the energy sector of the future] // Sb. statej vserossijskoj konferencii "Energetika Rossii v XXI veke. Innovacionnoe razvitie i upravlenie". 2015. pp. 47-56.

4. Voropaj N. I., Stennikov V. A., Senderov S. M. i dr. Integrirovannye infrastrukturnye energeticheskie sistemy regional'nogo i mezhregional'nogo urovnya [Integrated infrastructure energy systems of regional and interregional level] // Energeticheskaya politika. 2015. № 3. pp. 24-32.

5. Stennikov V. A., Barahtenko E. A., Sokolov D. V., Shelekhova V. B. Aktivnoe uchastie potrebitelya v upravlenii svoim energosnabzheniem [Active consumer involvement in managing their energy supply] // Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Problemy energetiki. 2017. № 11-12. pp. 88-100.

6. Lukas L. IIR news. Int J Refrig 1998;21:2.

7. International Institute of Refrigeration Newsletter, No. 13, 2003.

8. 16-ya Mezhdunarodnaya specializirovannaya vystavka Mir klimata 2020. URL: https://climatexpo.ru/marketing/world-market-aircon-2019/

9. Lindmark S. The role of absorption cooling for reaching sustainable energy system. Licentiate thesis, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden, 2005.

10. Louise Trygg, Shahnaz Amiri. European perspective on absorption cooling in a combined heat and power system - A case study of energy utility and industries in Sweden. Applied Energy 84 (2007) 1319-1337. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2006.09.016.

11. Trygg L., Gebremedhin A., Karlsson B. Resource-effective systems achieved through changes in energy supply and industrial use: the Volvo-Skovde case. Applied Energy 2006;83(8):801-818.

12. Brorson M. Absorptionmaskiner for kyl och varmeproduktion i energisystem med avfall sforbranning (Absorption machines for cooling and heat production in energy systems with waste incineration, in Swedish). FOU 2005. p, 129, Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish District Heating Association.

13. Martin V., Setterwall F., Andersson M. The design of integrated cooling processes in district heating systems. FOU 2005. p. 128. Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish District Heating Association.

14. Rydstrand M, Martin V, Westermark M. Heat driven cooling FOU 2004:112, Swedish District Heating Association, Stockholm, Sweden.

15. Dantex. URL: https://dantex.ru/articles/absorbtsionnye-chillery/

16. Il'ina T. N. Kondicionirovanie vozduha i holodosnabzhenie [Air conditioning and refrigeration]: uchebnoe posobie. Belgorod : BGTU, 2015. 165 p.

17. Raspisanie pogody. URL: https://rp5.ru/

18. Materialy PAO "YAkutskenergo".15. Indexbox. URL: http://www.indexbox.ru/news/rynok-promyshlennoj-ventilyacii-i-kondicionirovaniya-v-2017-godu-vyros-na-22/

19. Svistunov V. M., Pushnyakov N. K. Otoplenie, ventilyaciya i kondicionirovanie vozduha ob"ektov agropromyshlennogo kompleksa i zhilishchno-kommunal'nogo hozyajstva [Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning on agricultural projects and housing and communal services: a textbook for universities] : Uchebnik dlya vuzov. SPb. : Politekhnika, 2016. 429 p.

20. Semenov Yu. V. Sistemy kondicionirovaniya vozduha s poverhnostnymi vozduhoohladitelyami [Air conditioning systems with surface air coolers]. M. : Tekhnosfera, 2014. 272 p.

21. Il'ina T. N. Kondicionirovanie vozduha i holodosnabzhenie [Air Conditioning and Refrigeration] Uchebnoe posobie. Belgorod : Belgorodskij gosudarstvennyj tekhnologicheskij universitet imeni V. G. SHuhova, EBS ASV, 2012. 200 p.

22. Shchukina T. V. Montazhnoe proektirovanie i tekhnologiya sborki sistem kondicionirovaniya mikroklimata zdanij i sooruzhenij [Installation design and assembly technology for microclimate conditioning systems for buildings and structures]: uchebnoe posobie dlya SPO / pod red. I. I. Polosina. Saratov : Profobrazovanie, 2019. 180 p.

23. Averkin A. G. Primery i zadachi po kursu "Kondicionirovanie vozduha i holodosnabzhenie" [Examples and objectives for the course "Air conditioning and refrigeration"]: uchebnoe posobie. 2-e izd., ispr.  i dop. M. : ASV, 2007. 126 p.

24. SP 60.13330.2012 Otoplenie, ventilyaciya i kondicionirovanie vozduha. M. , 2012.

25. Prilozhenie k postanovleniyu Okruzhnoj Administracii goroda Yakutska ot 13.04.2018 goda № 113p "Skhema teplosnabzheniya gorodskogo okruga "gorod Yakutsk" do 2032 goda, aktualizaciya na 2019 god".

26. Kuznecova E. V., Kartasheva E. E., Lagizova T. V. Osobennosti vozvedeniya zdanij v usloviyah vechnoj merzloty [Features of the construction of buildings in permafrost] // Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitiya stroitel'stva, teplogazosnabzheniya i energoobespecheniya. 2019. pp. 165-169.

27. Alekseeva O. I. i dr. Prirodnye i tekhnogennye problemy goroda Yakutska [Natural and technological problems of Yakutsk city] // Nauka i obrazovanie. 2006. № 4. pp. 94-98.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-18-25

УДК 621.315.174:004.3.05

 

MARINA I. GORBUNOVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

The State Fire Academy of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

POSSIBILITIES FOR MONITORING AND REGULATING VOLTAGE IN ELECTRICAL WIRING OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES UNDER CONDITIONS OF DIGITALIZATION OF ELECTRIC POWER

Abstract. The option of building an automatic voltage control and regulation system at the transformer level of the main step-down substation and the workshop distribution network using adaptive voltage regulators based on the fuzzy logic algorithm is considered. It is shown that, based on the need to ensure a given voltage level at the consumer of electricity, it is possible to implement a hierarchical system of voltage regulation in the conditions of dynamic load changes under the condition of rational energy losses in the distribution network. A variant of constructing a distribution network equivalent circuit is proposed, which provides the accuracy of voltage calculations at the nodes of the distribution network and the model of the system using fuzzy logic to regulate the voltage necessary to solve the problem. The results obtained in the article are recommended to be used in the study of the possibility of ensuring the required voltage quality under conditions of dynamically changing loads of the workshop distribution network and determining algorithms and means of maintaining the quality of electric energy in high-voltage networks at the design stage. The practical significance of the study is determined by the fact that the decrease in energy efficiency of consumption of metering networks not only in the energy sector, but also in accounting for resource consumption will allow us to predict the development of individual forms and factors of the digital industry in the country.

Key words: smart metering devices, fuzzy logic, voltage regulation, smart meeting, digitalization, electric power industry.

 

REFERENCES

1. Manusov V. I., Myatezh A. V. Sravnenie algoritmov regulirovaniya, osnovannyh na chetkoj logike i nechetkoj logike na primere raboty elektrotekhnicheskoj ustanovki [Comparison of control algorithms based on clear logic and fuzzy logic using an example of an electrical installation] // Energetika: ekologiya, nadezhnost', bezopasnost': materialy dokladov XIII Vserossijskoj nauchno-tekhnicheskoj konferencii. Tomsk, 5-7 dekabrya, 2007. Tomsk : TPU, 2007. pp. 47-50.

2. Grabko V. V., L'vov I. Yu. Sintez struktury bloka prinyatiya resheniya ierarhicheskoj sistemy regulirovaniya napryazheniya [Synthesis of the structure of the decision block of the hierarchical voltage regulation system] / Problemy sozdaniya novyh mashin i tekhnologij: Nauchnye trudy KGPU. Vyp. 2/2000 (9). Minsk : KGPU, 2000. pp. 65-68.

3. Gusarov V. A. Avtomatizaciya centralizovannogo regulirovaniya napryazheniya s ispol'zovaniem integrirovannoj ASU energoresursami [Automation of centralized voltage regulation using integrated ACS energy] // Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2009. № 3. pp. 121-126.

4. Hany E. Z. Farag, Ehab F. El-Saadany A Novel Cooperative Protocol for Distributed Voltage Control in Active Distribution Systems // IEEE Trans. Power Systems. 2013. Vol. 28, № 2. pp. 1645-1656.

5. Abramovich B. N., Tarasov D. M., Shevchuk A. P. Ustrojstvo upravleniya rezhimom napryazheniya v elektricheskih setyah predpriyatij syr'evogo kompleksa [Voltage mode control device in electric networks of raw materials complex enterprises] // Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2012. Tom 196. pp. 214-217.

6. Balyuta S. M., Kopylova L. O., Korolev E. O. Upravlenie napryazheniem v sisteme elektrosnabzheniya promyshlennogo predpriyatiya [Voltage control in the power supply system of an industrial enterprise]. 2016. № 3(123), pp. 20-25.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-26-32

УДК 621.3.02.005

 

SAFARZODA ABDULLO HAJRULLO, Postgraduate

National Research University "Moscow Power Engineering Institute", branch, Russian Federation, Smolensk

 

DIRECT CURRENT AUTOMATIC MICRO-NETWORK VOLTAGE CONTROL SYSTEM

Abstract. Microgrids are a promising direction for the development of local electric networks in the framework of the concept of distributed generation and allow you to maximize bring electricity sources, including renewable, to consumers. A promising direction for improving the efficiency of microgrids is the use of an energy distribution system based on a DC bus. At the same time, DC / DC converters are used to interface sources and consumers with the DC bus. In order to ensure a standardized quality of voltage at the terminals of consumers, the microgrid should have a control system that provides load distribution between the sources. A control system is described that provides voltage stabilization on the DC bus by controlling the position and slope of the load characteristics of DC / DC converters. Сontrolled bus voltage is used as the only mean of communication between the controlled components,. An algorithm is developed that implements a control system, and a simulation model of a microgrid including two energy sources and a variable load in a Simulink environment (Mathlab). The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed system, which allows solving the problem of controlling the distribution of load between DC converters connected to one bus.

Key words: micro network, direct current, DC / DC converter, load distribution, voltage control, renewable energy sources.

 

REFERENCES

1. Harchenko V. V. Mikroseti na osnove VIE: koncepciya, principy postroeniya, perspektivy ispol'zovaniya [RESbased microgrids: concept, principles of construction, prospects for use] // Energiya: ekonomika, tekhnika, ekologiya. 2014. № 5. pp. 20-27.

2. Soshinov A. G., Kopejkina T. V. Perspektivy primenenie postoyannogo toka v bytu [Prospects for the use of direct current in everyday life] // INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED AND FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH. 2016. № 12. pp. 472-475.

3. Cyruk S. A., Knyazev K. O., Krivoshta D. A. O celesoobraznosti perevoda sistem elektrosnabzheniya ob"ektov ZHKKH na pitanie postoyannym tokom [On the feasibility of transferring power supply systems about housing and communal services projects to DC power] // Energoeffektivnost' i energobezopasnost' proizvodstvennyh processov IV Vserossijskaya nauchno-tekhnicheskaya konferenciya studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov: sbornik trudov. 2016. pp. 263-266.

4. Fonov V. P., Leshchinskaya T. B. Ocenka effektivnosti primeneniya postoyannogo toka v raspredelitel'nyh setyah 0.4, 10, 35 kV [Evaluation of the effectiveness of direct current in distribution networks 0.4, 10, 35 kV] // Monitoring. Nauka i tekhnologii. 2017. № 4 (33). pp. 86-89.

5. Shul'ga R. N. Raspredelennaya generaciya s ispol'zovaniem VIE v sostave mul'tiagentnyh sistem postoyannogo toka [Distributed generation using renewables as part of multi-agent DC systems] // Energosberezhenie i vodopodgotovka. 2017. № 5 (109). pp. 58-68.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-33-41

УДК 631.371:629.7.004.18.001.13

 

NIKITA S. PATKIN, Specialist expert

Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Russian Federation, Moscow

DMITRIY E. BORISOV, Specialist expert

Samara National Research University, Russian Federation, Samara


DESIGNING A SMART AIRCRAFT WING AS AN ELEMENT OF ENERGY SAVING AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

Abstract. The great importance for aircraft is in the aerodynamic design of the wing with a very high level of aerodynamic characteristics, both in cruising flight and in take-off and landing modes using the automatic control model. However, there is no mechanization of the leading and trailing edges. in most of the conditions for ensuring longitudinal balancing at take-off and landing. Therefore, the simultaneous provision of the required level of aerodynamic characteristics in cruising flight and on take-off and landing modes requires an integrated approach to the selection of wing profiling, as well as the choice of its shape and automation of the control process. The aim of the work is to assess the aerodynamic shape of a promising transport aircraft of the “flying wing” scheme of large elongation of complex shape in plan. The object of study is the aerodynamic and flight-technical characteristics of an aircraft of the “flying wing” scheme. The objective of the study is the development of an automation tool for energy conservation. The paper shows the aspects of the formation of reducing energy consumption of structures that affect aspects such as improving the reliability of aircraft structures and form on this basis the possibility of increasing the efficiency of aircraft. The calculation of the system for the formation of energy saving potential and structuring of energy costs is proposed.

Key words: energy saving, wing, aircraft, mechanism, aerodynamics.

 

REFRENCES

1. Galichev I. V. Analiz koefficienta intensivnosti napryazhenij i ostatochnoj prochnosti uzla konstrukcii kryla samoleta [Analysis of stress intensity factor and residual strength of the aircraft wing structure assembly] // V sb.: XLI Gagarinskie chteniya: Nauchnye trudy Mezhdunarodnoj molodezhnoj nauchnoj konferencii: v 4-h tomah. 2015. pp. 6-8.

2. Solov'yov K. N., Gerasimova E. V. K voprosu avtomatizacii raschetov kryl'ev na prochnost' [On the issue of automation of wing strength calculations] // V sb.: Universitetskij kompleks kak regional'nyj centr obrazovaniya, nauki i kul'tury: materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii. Orenburgskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. 2017. pp. 227-229.

3. Sharunov A. V. Raschetnaya ocenka akusticheskoj ustalostnoj prochnosti konstrukcii kryla iz kompozicionnyh materialov [Estimated acoustic fatigue strength of a wing structure made of composite materials] // Konstrukcii iz kompozicionnyh materialov. 2015. № 3 (139). pp. 3-11.

4. Kulesh V. P., Kurulyuk K. A. Beskontaktnye izmereniya deformacii kessona kryla pri prochnostnyh ispytaniyah metodom videogrammetrii [Non-contact measurements of deformation of the wing box during strength tests by videogrammetry] // Uchenye zapiski CAGI. 2017. T. 48. № 8. pp. 63-70.

5. Patkin N. S., Vasil'ev F. V. Proektirovanie "umnogo" kryla samoleta [Designing the smart wing of an airplane] // V sb.: Issledovanie razlichnyh napravlenij sovremennoj nauki Materialy XXXVI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. pp. 44-45.

6. Kokurov A. M., Bol'shakov K. E., Aryasov S. V., Razgon E. V. Eksperimental'noe i raschetnoe issledovaniya prochnosti gibridnogo vala transmissii mekhanizacii kryla [Experimental and calculated studies of the strength of the hybrid shaft transmission wing mechanization] // V kn.: Aviaciya  i kosmonavtika. 2017. Moskovskij aviacionnyj institut (nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet). 2017. pp. 457-458.

7. Patkin N. S. Proektirovanie "umnogo" kryla samoleta [Experimental and calculated studies of the strength of the hybrid shaft transmission wing mechanization] // V kn.: Aviaciya i kosmonavtika. 2018: Tezisy 17-j Mezhdunarodnoj konferencii. 2018. pp. 197-198.

8. Mitrofanov O. V., Petrova E. S. Ob utochnenii ob"ema dlya eksperimental'nogo obosnovaniya prochnosti tonkostennyh agregatov mekhanizacii kryla iz kompozitnyh materialov [On the refinement of "this for experimental substantiation of the strength of thin-walled units of mechanization of the wing of composite materials] // Aktual'nye voprosy nauki. 2016. № 28. pp. 179-183.

9. Tihij I. I., Kashkovskij V. V., Daneev A. V. Sistemnyj podhod k opredeleniyu prochnostnyh svojstv kryla samoleta v processe ekspluatacii [A systematic approach to determining the strength properties of an aircraft wing during operation] // Sovremennye tekhnologii. Sistemnyj analiz. Modelirovanie. 2017. № 1 (53). pp. 90-96.

10. Nesterenko B. G., Nesterenko G. I. Ustalost' i zhivuchest' konstrukcij, povrezhdennyh obshirnymi ustalostnymi treshchinami [Fatigue and survivability of structures damaged by extensive fatigue cracks] // Nauchnyj vestnik GosNII GA. 2017. № 19 (330). pp. 83-94.

 

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PROCESSES AND MACHINES

OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-42-50

УДК 632.935.41:636.934.57

 

ANTON N. POPOV, Assistant, Postgraduate

University of Tyumen, Russian Federation, Tyumen

Northern Trans - Ural State Agricultural University, Russian Federation, Tyumen

LEONID N. ANDREEV, Ph. D. Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Northern Trans - Ural State Agricultural University, Russian Federation, Tyumen

 

DEVELOPMENT AND APPROBATION OF ULTRASONIC DISPLAYER OF MINES

Abstract. The problem of losses of agricultural products from the impact of pests - synanthropic mammals is considered. Technological methods of struggle against them are analyzed. The advantages of using the electrophysical method of combating synanthropic mammals, in particular with the help of ultrasonic repeller, are highlighted. The device of ultrasonic repelling of synanthropic mammals with possibility of detection of a synanthropic organism is developed, the plan of approbation on Minks is made. The study of the influence of ultrasonic signals on the behavior of mink. Further ways to improve the design of the device are determined. The greatest damage to agricultural products is caused by synanthropic mammals. They are groups of small mammals, which include both common rodents (mouse voles, wild hamsters, urban rats), and more exotic, and, as a consequence, little mentioned in scientific articles on the control of agricultural pests Kunya (mink, weasels, ferrets and otters). The main changes in the social-economic conditions and production relations in the agroindustrial complex led to a deterioration in the phytosanitary condition of the feed, which rigorously affected the final raw materials that are stored.

Key words: synanthropic mammals, marten, mink, electrophysical control method, repeller.

 

REFERENCES

1. Govorushko S. M. Mlekopitayushchie i pticy - sel'skohozyajstvennye vrediteli: global'naya situaciya [Mammals and Birds - Agricultural Pests: The Global Situation] // Sel'skohozyajstvennaya biologiya. 2014. № 6. pp. 15-25.

2. Gevorkyan I. S. Ob effektivnosti metodov bor'by s myshevidnymi gryzunami na zhivotnovodcheskih kompleksah [On the effectiveness of methods of controlling mouse rodents in livestock complexes] // Al'manah "Prostranstvo i Vremya". 2016. № 2. 39 p.

3. Prisnyj A. V. Metodicheskie rekomendacii k provedeniyu osennego obsledovaniya na vyyavlenie polevyh vreditelej [Guidelines for conducting an autumn survey to identify field pests]. Belgorod, 1979. 68 p.

4. Korobov V. A. Zashchita myagkoj yarovoj pshenicy ot kompleksa specializirovannyh vreditelej v Zapadnoj Sibiri i Severnom Kazahstane. [Protection of soft spring wheat from a complex of specialized pests  in Western Siberia and Northern Kazakhstan]: avtorefdis. doktora sel'skohoz. nauk : 06.01.11 / Korobov Viktor Aleksandrovich. Novosibirsk, 2006. 270 p.

5. Tanskij V. I., Levitin M. M., Ishkova T. I., Kondratenko V. I. Fitosanitarnaya diagnostika v integrirovannoj zashchite zernovyh kul'tur [Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated crop protection] // Sb. metodicheskih rekomendacij po zashchite rastenij. SPb. : VIZR, 1998. pp. 5-55.

6. Petrov A. M. Primenenie teplovyh nasosov dlya obogreva zhivotnovodcheskih pomeshchenij [The using of heat pumps for heating livestock buildings] // Vestnik UGSA. 2012. № 3. pp. 122-126.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-51-56

УДК 631.348:632.935.2.003.13

 

IVAN V. SAVCHUK, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

DMITRIY O. SURINSKIY, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Northern Trans - Ural State Agricultural University, Russian Federation, Tumen

YURIY N. BOLSHAKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Tyumen Higher Military Engineering Command School named after Marshal of Engineering Troops A. I. Proshlyakov, Russian Federation, Tumen

 

INCREASING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ELECTROPHYSICAL METHOD OF COMBATING INSECTS PESTS IN THE AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX 

Abstract. Operating experience of devices with patented designs based on existing and new developments of the possibilities of their application for protection against these pests are considered. A comparative analysis of the available pesticides carried out by the authors indicates that it is necessary to have not only deterrents and exterminators, but also to create and select them, it is necessary to conduct deep combined research based on electrophysical methods. When using a light trap at the sites of the alleged control of insect pests, the most complete information about the current stage of their development and population, as well as information on the effectiveness of the selected methods of controlling insect pests, is obtained. The light trap is mobile, which allows you to monitor various sections of the crop fields. The economic efficiency of the use of light traps is due to the reduction of crop losses due to monitoring, which allows the timely application of targeted protective measures. At present, light traps are one of the most promising in agriculture, primarily as diagnosticians of the state of insect populations in agriculture. Due to the advent of low-power light sources, the use of light traps in rural areas is becoming more simple and affordable. The well-known problem of power supply to fields in agriculture has been solved with the help of independent power sources from solar batteries, the power of which is enough to ensure the operation of the device.

Key words: control methods, pests in the agro-industrial complex, electro physical method of light trap protection.

 

REFERENCES

1. Belenov V. N., Gazalov B. C. Elektroopticheskij preobrazovatel' zashchity sadovyh rastenij [Electrooptical converter for protecting garden plants] // Fiziko-tekhnicheskie problemy sozdaniya novyh tekhnologij v agropromyshlennom komplekse // 2-ya Rossijskaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferenciya. Stavropol', 2003. 56 p.

2. Goncharov N. R., Kolychev N. G., CHerkasov V. A. Organizaciya zashchity rastenij [Plant Protection Organization]. M. : Rossel'hozizdat, 1985. 175 p.

3. Karpov V. N. Vvedenie v energosberezhenie na predpriyatiyah v APK [Entering the energy conservation in enterprises in the agricultural sector]. SPbGAU, 1999. pp. 6-50.

4. Savchuk I. V. Parametry i rezhimy energosberegayushchej videosvetolovushki dlya monitoringa chislennosti i vida nasekomyh-vreditelej s peredachej signala po besprovodnomu kanalu svyazi [Parameters and modes of an energy-saving video light trap for monitoring the number and type of insect pests with signal transmission over a wireless communication channel]: dis. kand. tekhn. nauk : 05.20.02 / Savchuk Ivan Viktorovich / Sankt-Peterburgskij gosudarstvennyj agrarnyj universitet. Tyumen', 2018.

5. Surinskij D. O. Parametry i rezhimy energosberegayushchego elektroopticheskogo preobrazovatelya dlya monitoringa nasekomymh-vreditelej [Parameters and modes of energy-saving electro-optical converter for monitoring insect pests]: dis. kand. tekhn. nauk : 05.20.02 / Surinskij Dmitrij Olegovich. Barnaul, 2013. 120 p.

6. Plesovskih V. A., Kizurov A. S. Umen'shenie kolichestva provodnikov pri indikacii s primeneniem poluprovodnikovyh svetodiodov [Decreasing of the number of conductors during indication using semiconductor LEDs] // V sb.: Aktual'nye voprosy nauki i hozyajstva: novye vyzovy i resheniya : materialy LII Mezhdunarodnoj studencheskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. pp. 196-199.

7. Gazalov B. C. Ustanovki elektrofizicheskoj zashchity sadov ot nasekomyh vreditelej [Devices of electrophysical protection of gardens from insect pests] // Racional'naya elektrifikaciya sel'skogo hozyajstva. M. , 1984. pp. 33-43.

8. Madsen H. F., Varenti I. M. Cjdling moth: femalt-bated and synthetic pheromone traps as population indicators. Envir.Entom., 1972, vol. 1, № 5, pp. 554-557.

9. Malovez N. Voice nouvelles dans la lutte contre les ravageurs en arboriculture fruitire P. Revue de l'Agricole, 1976, v. 29, № 2, 269 p.

10. Pat. 190268 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK A 01 M 1/04 (2006.01), A 01 M 1/04 (2019.02). Svetolovushka dlya monitoringa nasekomyh [Insect monitoring light trap] / Surinskij D. O., Savchuk I. V., Yurkin V. V.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Surinskij Dmitrij Olegovich. № 2019107091 ; zayavl. 12.03.2019 ; opubl. 25.06.2019, Byul. № 18.

11. Yudaev I. V., Gordeev A. S., Ogorodnikov D. D. Energosberezhenie v sel'skom hozyajstve [Energy saving in agriculture]. M. : Lan', 2014. pp. 221-255.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-57-61

УДК 548.122:621.1

 

OLEG V. LESHTAYEV, Postgraduate student

LUDMILA V. NAVROTSKAYA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

NATALYA A. STUSHKINA, Ph.D of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

EFFECT OF BIDIRECTIONAL REFLECTIVITY OF MIRRORS ON HEAT EXCHANGE BY RADIATION

Abstract. The influence of the bidirectional reflectivity of mirrors of solar power plants on the heat transfer by radiation is considered. This system allows you to take into account the scattering of radiation by mirrors due to their pollution and atmospheric climatic effects. The distribution of the flux density in the focal plane of a parabolic mirror refines the physical meaning of the empirical integral parameter of the accuracy of the mirror used in the Aparisi formula. It is assumed that the mirror is oriented so that a ray incident from the center of the Sun on the geometric center of the surface of the mirror, when it is mirrored, hits the geometric center of the surface of the receiver. In this case, the direction of the beam indicates the optical axis of the Sun mirror receiver system. The peculiarity of the system under consideration is that with respect to the Sun, all points of a plane mirror are in the same conditions, i.e., at any point of an isotropic plane mirror, the angle of incidence of rays from the Sun, as well as the distribution of directions of reflected rays, are the same. The formula is obtained for the distribution of the intensity in a beam of sunlight reflected from a scattering mirror, or the distribution in the directions of the intensity of the radiation incident on the receiver, which in physical content corresponds to the Aparisi R.R. formula for the distribution of flux density in the focal plane of a parabolic mirror.

Key words: bidirectional reflectivity, solar power plants, heat transfer by radiation.

 

REFERENCES

1. Aparisi R. R. Nauchnaya metodologiya i tekhnicheskie resheniya solnechnyh energeticheskih stancij (SES) bashennogo tipa [Scientific methodology and technical solutions for tower-type solar power stations (SES)]: avtoref. dis. doktora tekhn. nauk : 05.14.05 / Aparisi Rafael' Rafaelovich. M., 1984. 422 p.

2. Zahidov R. A., Umarov G. Ya., Vajner A. A. Teoriya i raschet geliotekhnicheskih koncentriruyushchih system [Theory and calculation of solar thermal concentrating systems]. Tashkent : Fan, 1977. 144 p.

3. Elistratov V. V., Arman Z. A. Raschet parametrov solnechno-teplovoj elektrostancii s parabolicheskimi koncentratorami v yuzhno-kazahstanskoj oblasti [Calculation of parameters of a solar-thermal power plant with parabolic concentrators in the South Kazakhstan region] // V sb.: XLII Nedelya nauki SPbGPU: Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii c mezhdunarodnym uchastiem / Nauchnoobrazovatel'nyj centr "Vozobnovlyaemye vidy energii i ustanovki na ih osnove". Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij Sankt-Peterburgskij gosudarstvennyj politekhnicheskij universitet. 2014. pp. 25-27.

4. Popel' O. S. Issledovanie i razrabotka sistem energosnabzheniya s ispol'zovaniem vozobnovlyaemyh istochnikov energii [Research and development of energy supply systems using renewable energy sources ]: avtoref. dis. doktora tekhn. nauk : 05.14.01 / Popel' Oleg Sergeevich. M. , 2007. 59 p.

5. Navrockaya L. V., Stushkina N. A., Puzarin A. V. Metodika eksperimental'nogo opredeleniya dvunapravlennoj otrazhatel'noj sposobnosti zerkal solnechnyh energeticheskih ustanovok [Methodology for experimental determination of bidirectional reflectivity of mirrors of solar power plants] // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2018. № 3. pp. 27-32.

6. Grigor'ev B. A. Impul'snyj nagrev izlucheniyami [Pulse heating by radiation]. M. : Nauka, 1974. Ch. 1. 319 p.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-62-73

УДК 621.384.52.001.5

 

VLADIMIR V. SHMIGEL, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

ARTEM S. UGLOVSKY, Ph. D. Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

VALERIY V. EGORYCHEV, graduate-student

Yaroslavl State Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Yaroslavl

 

CARRYING OUT AND PLANNING OF A MULTIFACTOR EXPERIMENT FOR OZONATOR INSTALLATION IN THE STATGRAPHICS PROGRAM

Abstract. The application of the planning of a multifactor experiment using an ozonizer with a dielectric barrier discharge is an effective method for studying the concentration of ozone depending on the parameters of the electrode system. A multivariate experiment can effectively predict and optimize the parameters of the electrode system. The results showed high values of the coefficient of determination for four response surfaces, ensuring satisfactory agreement of the second-order polynomial model with experimental data. The parameters of the distance between the electrodes, the dielectric width, and voltage were recognized as the most significant factors. The results demonstrate the potential impact of using high voltages (> 10 kV) on ozone production efficiency. The dielectric barrier discharge method has proven to be the best method for producing ozone. Studies conducted on the ozonation installation show that the disinfection system using ozone generated by a dielectric barrier discharge is an effective component in increasing the output of quail eggs by 3-4 %. Ozone generation by a dielectric barrier discharge primarily depends on the applied high voltage and the duration of this discharge. These two parameters are proportional to ozone production. Experimental results show that the ozone generator used is effective in disinfecting air by removing viruses, bacteria, and pathogens.

Key words: electric field, ozonation installation, ozone generation, discharge gap, response surface, specific power.

 

REFERENCES

1. Chang M. Experimental Study on Ozone Synthesis via Dielectric Barrier Discharges / M. Been Chang, S. Wu // Ozone: Science & Engineering: The Journal of the International Ozone Association. 1997. Vol. 19. № 3. рр. 241-254.

2. Kitayama J., Kuzumoto M. Theoretical and Experimental Study on Ozone Generation Characteristics of an Oxygen-Fed Ozone Generator in Silent Discharge // J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 1997. Vol. 30. № 17. рр. 2453-2461.

3. Kogelschatz U., Eliasson B., Hirth M. Ozone Generation from Oxygen and Air: Discharge Physics and Reaction Mechanisms // Ozone: Science & Engineering: The Journal of the International Ozone Association. 1988. Vol. 10. № 4. рр. 367-377.

4. Lang H. V., Vezzu G., Suter M. Science and Experience based Improvements of industrial Ozone Generators // 17th Ozone World Congress, Strasbourg, France. 2005. № 3. рр. 1-10.

5. Normand L. Frigon and David Mathews. Practical Guide to Experimental Design. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 1996. 342 p.

6. Alberto Garcia-Diaz and Don T. Phillips. Principles of Experimental Design and Analysis. Chapman & all,' 1995, 409 p.

7. Shmigel' V. V., Egorychev V. V. Inkubator s ionizatorom [Ionizer incubator] // V sb.: Optimizaciya elektrotekhnologij v APK: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Yaroslavl', 2016. pp. 83-89.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-74-80

УДК 621.472:772.9.003.13

 

ARTUR T. AKHMETSHIN, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

LYUDMILA P. ANDRIANOVA, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

ANNA E. USMANOVA, Assistant Professor

Bashkir State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Ufa

 

PRINCIPLES OF CONSTRUCTION OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT AUTONOMOUS SOLAR PHOTOELECTRIC POWER STATIONS WITH FULL MONITORING OF THE SUN

Abstract. The article presents the structural and schematic solutions for the development of autonomous solar photovoltaic stations of increased efficiency for the power supply of decentralized agricultural consumers. Existing designs of solar photovoltaic power plants have drawbacks caused by the inertia of control systems and not the universality of the constructive solution when applied at different latitudes of the terrain, which lead to underutilization of the possibilities of increasing the generated electric power. In order to increase energy efficiency, original designs of autonomous solar photovoltaic power plants capable of automatic azimuthal and zenithal tracking of the position of the sun have been developed. A design feature of a solar photovoltaic station with azimuthal tracking of the sun is in the solar battery which is rigidly mounted on a vertical shaft, and the electric drive of the shaft is equipped with a clock mechanism with an electric contact system in the form of a clockwise clock face of the clock mechanism, giving an hourly signal to drive the vertical shaft azimuthal tracking of the sun, and anti-aircraft tracking is made in the form of a tilt of the vertical shaft to the north. A solar photovoltaic plant with an adjustment of the zenith angle behind the sun includes a vertical shaft with a rigidly mounted solar battery equipped with side solar cells mounted at an angle to the plane of the solar battery. Lateral solar cells generate an electrical signal for the rotation drive of the vertical shaft and the rear solar cell of the left turn of the solar battery shaft from west to east. A shaft with a drive for its rotation is mounted on a platform pivotally mounted with the north side on the support base, and the south side is equipped with a lifting mechanism, for example, a screw jack. A solar photovoltaic power plant with zenith angle adjustment provides complete tracking of the position of the sun, and, as a result, has improved energy efficiency. The energy potential of the roof solar microelectric power station with the BST 10-12 photoelectric module was estimated.

Key words: solar photovoltaic plant, solar cell, solar battery, vertical shaft, azimuth and zenith tracking, zenith angle correction, energy potential assessment.

 

REFERENCES

1. Pat. 94379 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK H 01 L 31/042 (2006.01), F 24 J 2/38 (2006.01). Solnechnaya elektrostanciya / Andrianova L. P., Prokopov O. I., Tukbaeva A. E., Ahmetshin A. T.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Andrianova Lyudmila Prokop'evna (RU), Prokopov Oleg Ivanovich (RU), Tukbaeva Anna Evgen'evna (RU), Ahmetshin Artur Talgatovich (RU). № 2010103657/22 ; zayavl. 03.02.10 ; opubl. 20.05.10, Byul. № 14. 2 p.

2. Pat. 94380 Rossijskaya Federaciya, MPK H 01 L 31/042 (2006.01), F 24 J 2/54 (2006.01). Solnechnaya elektrostanciya / Andrianova L. P., Prokopov O. I., Tukbaeva A. E., Ahmetshin A. T.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Andrianova Lyudmila Prokop'evna (RU), Prokopov Oleg Ivanovich (RU), Tukbaeva Anna Evgen'evna (RU), Ahmetshin Artur Talgatovich (RU). № 2010103659/22 ; zayavl. 03.02.10 ; opubl. 20.05.10, Byul. № 14. 2 p.

3. Andrianova L. P., Kabashov V. Yu. Energoobespechenie decentralizovannyh potrebitelej na osnove kryshnyh vetrodvigatelej i solnechnyh elektrostancij [Energy supply to decentralized consumers based on roof wind turbines and solar power plants] // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2019. № 1. pp. 72-78.

4. Andrianova L. P., Tuktarov M. F., Usmanova A. E., Bajnazarov V. G. Ocenka energeticheskogo potenciala kryshnoj solnechnoj mikroelektrostancii s fotoelektricheskim modulem VST 10-12 dlya sel'skohozyajstvennyh potrebitelej [Assessment of the energy potential of a roof solar microelectric power station with a BST 10-12 photoelectric module for agricultural consumers] // Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. 2019. № 4 (78). pp. 151-153.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-81-87

УДК 621.311.21.003.13

 

LYUDMILA P. ANDRIANOVA, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

VLADIMIR Y. KABASHOV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Bashkir State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Ufa

 

ORIGINAL MARINE MOBILE HYDROAND HYDRO-RETRO ELECTRIC POWER STATIONS OF INCREASED EFFICIENCY

Abstract. The article presents new technical solutions for improving the design of marine mobile hydroelectric power plants using the energy of the flow of water and wind. The basis of existing marine mobile hydroelectric power plants, as a rule, is a watercraft (for example, an oil platform), which conveyor with a system of underwater parachutes is located in the surface water layer, and the conveyor shaft is connected to an electric energy generator. Such marine mobile hydroelectric power plants have low power output, reduced energy efficiency and reliability due to the design of the conveyor, its location in the surface water layer, and the complexity of the design of underwater parachutes. In order to increase the power, efficiency and reliability of marine mobile power plants, original designs of a hydroelectric power station and a hybrid hydroelectric power station have been proposed. In this design of the marine mobile hydroelectric power station, the conveyor is made in the form of a vertical triangle, which two sides a vertical inclination of the branches of the recess and the recess, and the third side of the conveyor is located horizontally on the ship. In this case, the guiding system of underwater parachutes is made in the form of rigid blades mounted pivotally on the conveyor and provided with limit stops. Using this principle of building a marine mobile hydroelectric power station will provide unlimited generated power. The hybrid hydroelectric power station uses an improved design of a horizontal conveyor with a system of underwater parachutes, on the drive shaft which wind wheel with radial blades is installed through a ratchet mechanism, which leads to improved operating conditions and increase efficiency of extracting the energy of sea currents and wind. Electricity generated by a mobile hydroelectric power station and a hybrid hydroelectric power station can be used to power the own needs of offshore oil platforms, with significant savings in hydrocarbon fuel without air pollution.

Key words: marine energy, hydro-wind power station, watercraft, underwater parachutes, chain conveyor, hydraulic blades, wind wheel with radial blades, electric generator.

 

REFERENCES

1. Avgusta Goldin "Okeany energii", istochniki energii budushchego ["Oceans of energy", energy sources of the future] / per. s angl. M. : Znanie, 1983. pp. 84-85.

2. Andrianova L. P., Osipova I. V. Mobil'naya gidroelektrostanciya s napravlyayushchimi podvodnymi parashyutami [Mobile hydroelectric power station with guiding underwater parachutes] // Vestnik agrarnoj nauki Dona. 2015. T. 4. Vyp. 32. pp. 41-45.

3. Andrianova L. P., Kononov S. V. Morskaya gidrovetroelektrostanciya [Marine Hydroelectric Power Station] // SCIENE INNOVATIONS : Sb. statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (30 maya 2019 goda). Petrozavodsk : MCNP "Novaya nauka", 2019. pp. 56-61.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-88-96

УДК 502.22:631.371:621.31

 

ANGELINA V. KOFAL, specialist

VLADIMIR A. KRAVCHENKO, specialist

KRISTINA M. KUDRINA, specialist

Far Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation, Vladivostok

 

PROVISION OF TECHNOSPHERIC SAFETY IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRIC POWER PROJECTS IN AGRICULTURAL COMPLEXES

Abstract. In recent years, for Russia, the issue of improving energy efficiency, implementing energy conservation policies, creating and improving the energy market and increasing the efficiency of the energy sector as a whole has become particularly relevant. Unlike Western countries, where energy conservation is an element of economic and environmental feasibility, for Russia it is a matter of survival, since the aspects of balanced solvent consumption, both domestic and import of fuel and energy resources, have not yet been resolved. The economy of modern Russia is characterized by extremely low efficiency in the use of energy resources. Today, the national energy sector is characterized by an increase in the use of traditional energy resources, insufficient modernization of existing energy equipment, and a lack of a common practice of introducing energy-saving technologies. This situation requires an integrated approach to solving the problem, using all possible ways to create balanced energy consumption and energy conservation. The authors of the article show that energy saving as an element of technosphere security is primarily necessary when implementing a development program in agriculture, which ultimately increases overall efficiency and the ability to overcome a number of parameters to ensure the equilibrium functioning of the energy complex. The application of the research results is possible in the calculation of programs for updating the socio-economic conformity of the agricultural sector.

Key words: technosphere safety, agricultural complex, energy saving, energy consumption, technological operations, organizational and economic measures.

 

REFERENCES

1. Safonov V. A., Danilova V. N., Ermakov V. V., Vorobyov V. I. Mercury and methylmercury in surface waters of arid and humid regions, and the role of humic acids in mercury migration. Periоdico Tchе Quimica 2019, Vol. 16. No. 31. pp 892-902.

2. Safonov V. A. Znachenie mineral'nyh elementov v krovi vysokoproduktivnyh korov [The value of mineral elements in the blood of highly productive cows] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2007. № 4.  pp. 28-30.

3. Safonov V. A. Biologicheskaya rol' selena i effekty korrekcii ego soderzhaniya v organizme zhivotnyh [The biological role of selenium and the effects of the correction of its content in animals] // Geohimiya.  2018. № 10. pp. 998-1002.

4. Ermakov V. V., Safonov V. A., YAkimenko V. N. Ekspress-metod opredeleniya aktivnosti superoksiddismutazy v krovi [Express method for determining the activity of superoxide dismutase in the blood] // Rasteniya. Ekologiya. Okruzhayushchaya sreda: Doklady Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelej prirody. M. : OOO "MAKS Press", 2016. pp. 10-15.

5. Tihomirov A. V. Koncepciya razvitiya sistem energoobespecheniya i povysheniya energoeffektivnosti ispol'zovaniya TER v sel'skom hozyajstve [The concept of development of energy supply systems and energy efficiency of the use of fuel and energy resources in agriculture] // Vestnik VIESKH. 2016. № 1 (22). pp. 11-17.

6. Nezhdanov A. G., Shabunin S. V., Safonov V. A. Selen i reproduktivnoe zdorov'e zhivotnyh [Selenium and Animal Reproductive Health ]// Veterinariya. 2014. № 5. pp. 4-8.

7. Poluhin A. A., Hashir B. O. Importozameshchenie na rynke energeticheskih moshchnostej dlya razvitiya sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii [Import substitution in the energy capacity market for the development of agriculture in Russia] // Ekonomika, trud, upravlenie v sel'skom hozyajstve. 2019. № 10 (50). pp. 73-83.

8. Lebedev V. A., Karabuta V. S. Obosnovanie vybora tipa energoustanovki dlya sistem energosnabzheniya predpriyatij agropromyshlennogo kompleksa [Justification of the choice of type of power plant for energy supply systems of agricultural enterprises] // Vestnik agrarnoj nauki Dona. 2017. T. 1. № 37.  pp. 49-56.

9. Nezhdanov A. G., Safonov V. A., Postovoj S. G., Filin V. V. Regulyatornye mekhanizmy i biologicheskie stimulyatory sokratitel'noj deyatel'nosti matki u zhivotnyh [Regulatory mechanisms and biological stimulants of contractile activity of the uterus in animals] // Sovremennye problemy veterinarnogo akusherstva i biotekhnologii vosproizvedeniya zhivotnyh: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 85-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Voronezhskoj shkoly veterinarnyh akusherov. Voronezh : Istoki, 2012. pp. 358-365.

10. Shafirov V. G., Mozhaev E. E., Aref'ev V. N. Prodvizhenie innovacionnyh energoeffektivnyh tekhnologij v agropromyshlennoe proizvodstvo [Promotion of innovative energy-efficient technologies in agricultural production] // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii ekonomiki i prava. 2019. № 5-2. pp. 109-114.

11. Nezhdanov A. G., SHabunin S. V., Safonov V. A., Malanych E. V. Sistemnoe reshenie problemy sohraneniya reproduktivnogo potenciala molochnogo skota v usloviyah promyshlennyh tekhnologij ego ekspluatacii [Systemic solution to the problem of preserving the reproductive potential of dairy cattle in the conditions of industrial technologies for its operation] // Agrarnaya nauka - sel'skohozyajstvennomu proizvodstvu Sibiri, Kazahstana, Mongolii, Belarusi i Bolgarii: Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov XX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Krasnoobsk : Sibirskij federal'nyj nauchnyj centr agrobiotekhnologij Rossijskoj akademii nauk, 2017. pp. 260-262.

12. Lysenko E. A., Majorova L. N. Klasternyj analiz predpriyatij sfery sel'skohozyajstvennogo turizma [Cluster analysis of agricultural tourism enterprises] // Rossijskoe predprinimatel'stvo. 2019. T. 20. № 3. pp. 679-696.

13. Safonov V. A. Gormonal'nyj status stel'nyh i besplodnyh vysokoproduktivnyh korov [Hormonal status of pregnant and barren highly productive cows] // Doklady Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2008. № 4. pp. 50-53.

14. Safonov V., Shishkina E. Selemag i gepatoprotektor v profilaktike poslerodovyh oslozhnenij u korov [Selemage and hepatoprotector in the prevention of postpartum complications in cows] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2011. № 5.pp. 25-26.

15. Safonov V. A. Lipidy i polovye steroidy krovi vysokoproduktivnyh korov [Blood lipids and sex steroids of highly productive cows] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2008. № 4. pp. 31-33.

16. Sebostyan Yu. E. Povyshenie energoeffektivnosti v sel'skom hozyajstve [Energy efficiency improving in agriculture] // Nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj potencial molodezhi v reshenii aktual'nyh problem XXI veka. 2019. № 13. pp. 193-195.

17. Safonov V. A. Adaptivnye izmeneniya antioksidantnogo i gormonal'nogo statusa korov [Adaptive changes in the antioxidant and hormonal status of cows] // Veterinariya. 2011. № 6. pp. 32-33.

18. Chernickij A. E., Shabunin S. V., Safonov V. A. Preeklampsiya u korov: funkcional'nye narusheniya v sisteme mat'-placenta-plod i ih posledstviya dlya zdorov'ya potomstva [Cows’ preeclampsia: functional disorders in the system mother-placenta-fetus and their consequences for the health of descendent] // Sel'skohozyajstvennaya biologiya. 2019. T. 54. № 2. pp. 246-258.

19. Safonov V. A. Soderzhanie selena v krovi i sostoyanie sistemy antioksidantnoj zashchity u korov [The content of selenium in the blood and the state of the antioxidant defense system in cows] // Aktual'nye problemy boleznej obmena veshchestv u sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhivotnyh v sovremennyh usloviyah: мaterialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 40-letiyu GNU VNIVIPFiT. Voronezh : Istoki, 2010. pp. 204-207.

20. Safonov V. A. Endokrinnyj i oksidno-antioksidantnyj status vysokoproduktivnyh korov v svyazi s reprodukciej i ego korrekciya selensoderzhashchimi preparatami [Endocrine and oxide-antioxidant status of highly productive cows in connection with reproduction and its correction with selenium preparations]: avtoref. dis. dokt. biolog. nauk: 03.01.04 / Safonov Vladimir Aleksandrovich / Vserossijskij nauchno-issledovatel'skij veterinarnyj institut patologii, farmakologii i terapii. Voronezh, 2013. 243 p.

21. Safonov V. A. Gemomorfologicheskie sdvigi u korov v raznye periody reprodukcii [Hemomorphological changes in cows at different periods of reproduction] // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2008. № 5. pp. 64-67.

22. Safonov V. A. Vliyanie preparata uterotonik na sokratitel'nuyu funkciyu matki i poslerodovuyu involyuciyu polovyh organov u korov [The effect of uterotonic on the contractile function of the uterus and postpartum genital involution in cows]: avtoref. dis. kand. veter. nauk: 16.00.07 / Safonov Vladimir Aleksandrovich / Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj medicinskij universitet imeni N. N. Burdenko. Voronezh, 2000. 167 p.

23. Safonov V. A. Preparaty selena v korrekcii peroksidnogo statusa i vosproizvoditel'noj funkcii korov [Selenium preparations in the correction of peroxide status and reproductive function of cows] // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2011. № 3. 64 p.

24. Chernickij A. E., Skogoreva T. S., Safonov V. A. Izuchenie osobennostej mikroelementnogo obmena v sisteme mat'-placenta-plod u krupnogo rogatogo skota [Study of the features of trace elements in the system mother-placenta-fetus of cattle] // Materialy XXIII s"ezda Fiziologicheskogo obshchestva imeni I. P. Pavlova s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Voronezh : ISTOKI, 2017. pp. 2480-2482.

25. Safonov V. A. Soderzhanie selena v krovi i sostoyanie sistemy antioksidantnoj zashchity u korov [The content of selenium in the blood and the state of the antioxidant defense system in cows] // Aktual'nye problemy boleznej obmena veshchestv u sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhivotnyh v sovremennyh usloviyah: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 40-letiyu GNU VNIVIPFiT. Voronezh : Istoki, 2010. pp. 204-207.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-97-104

УДК 620.9:331.45:63

 

MAKSIM K. LITVINCHEV, specialist

FELIKS O. GOLOSOV, specialist

VLADIMIR D. LUTCHEV, specialist

Far Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation, Vladivostok

 

GREEN ENERGY PROJECTS TO ENSURE GLOBAL TECHNOSPHERE SECURITY ON THE EXAMPLE OF AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY

Abstract. The dairy industry is a powerful consumer of electricity. So, the dairy industry, in the USA consumes 13 % of the electricity from the entire food industry. The general conclusions which were drawn in the USA as a result of analyzing the life cycle of dairy products and the “ecological footprint” of the dairy industry during the industrial production of food products are the need to reduce electricity consumption (in addition, consolidation of the distribution system and the search for alternative packaging materials are important). The main consumers of electricity at enterprises are cooling systems, electric motors and pumps, compressed air systems, lighting systems and HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, & Air Conditioning). The authors identified ways to develop energy conservation in the agricultural sector. The basis of each fact of reducing energy consumption is the need not only to predict the implementation of reducing energy consumption and increasing the economic component, but also the form of interaction between the agricultural object as an element of ensuring technosphere safety. An aspect of the functioning of a stable system of technosphere implementation of agricultural facilities under the dynamics of external technogenic conditions is disclosed. The experience of using electricity in American agricultural enterprises is presented. Particular attention is paid to measures to reduce the consumption of heat and electricity.

Key words: energy efficiency, development, structure, animal husbandry, agriculture.

 

REFERENCES

1. Safonov V. A. Adaptivnye izmeneniya antioksidantnogo i gormonal'nogo statusa korov [Adaptive changes in the antioxidant and hormonal status of cows] // Veterinariya. 2011. № 6. pp. 32-33.

2. Safonov V. A., Danilova V. N., Ermakov V. V., Vorobyov V. I. Mercury and methylmercury in surface waters of arid and humid regions, and the role of humic acids in mercury migration. Periodico Tche Quimica 2019, Vol. 16, No. 31. pp. 892-902.

3. Safonov V. A. Vliyanie preparata uterotonik na sokratitel'nuyu funkciyu matki i poslerodovuyu involyuciyu polovyh organov u korov [The effect of uterotonic on the contractile function of the uterus and postpartum genital involution in cows]: avtoref. dis. kand. veter. nauk: 16.00.07 / Safonov Vladimir Aleksandrovich / Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj medicinskij universitet imeni N. N. Burdenko. Voronezh, 2000. 167 p.

4. Vinnicki S., Romanyuk V., Savinyh P. A., Skorkin V. K. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii kormleniya vysokoproduktivnyh korov [Improving the technology of feeding highly productive cows] // Vestnik Vserossijskogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta mekhanizacii zhivotnovodstva. 2019. № 3 (35). pp. 147-151.

5. Safonov V. A. Preparaty selena v korrekcii peroksidnogo statusa i vosproizvoditel'noj funkcii korov [Selenium preparations in the correction of peroxide status and reproductive function of cows] // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2011. № 3. 64 p.

6. Safonov V. A. Gormonal'nyj status stel'nyh i besplodnyh vysokoproduktivnyh korov [Hormonal status of pregnant and barren highly productive cows] // Doklady Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2008. № 4. pp. 50-53.

7. Chernickij A. E., Skogoreva T. S., Safonov V. A. Izuchenie osobennostej mikroelementnogo obmena v sisteme «mat'-placenta-plod» u krupnogo rogatogo skota [Study of the features of trace elements in the system mother-placenta-fetus of cattle] // Materialy XXIII s"ezda Fiziologicheskogo obshchestva imeni I. P. Pavlova s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Voronezh : ISTOKI, 2017. pp. 2480-2482.

8. Safonov V. A. Lipidy i polovye steroidy krovi vysokoproduktivnyh korov [Blood lipids and sex steroids of highly productive cows] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2008. № 4. pp. 31-33.

9. Nezhdanov A. G., Shabunin S. V., Safonov V. A. Selen i reproduktivnoe zdorov'e zhivotnyh [Selenium and Animal Reproductive Health ] // Veterinariya. 2014. № 5. pp. 4-8.

10. Safonov V. A. Endokrinnyj i oksidno-antioksidantnyj status vysokoproduktivnyh korov v svyazi s reprodukciej i ego korrekciya selensoderzhashchimi preparatami [Endocrine and oxide-antioxidant status of highly productive cows in connection with reproduction and its correction with selenium preparations]: avtoref. dis. dokt. biolog. nauk: 03.01.04 / Safonov Vladimir Aleksandrovich. Vserossijskij nauchnoissledovatel'skij veterinarnyj institut patologii, farmakologii i terapii. Voronezh, 2013. 243 p.

11. Safonov V. A. Znachenie mineral'nyh elementov v krovi vysokoproduktivnyh korov [The value of mineral elements in the blood of highly productive cows ] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2007. № 4. pp. 28-30.

12. Erk A. F., Sudachenko V. N., Razmuk V. A., Timofeev E. V. Sistema pokazatelej energoeffektivnosti mashinnyh tekhnologij proizvodstva zhivotnovodcheskoj produkcii [The energy efficiency system of indicators of machine technologies for livestock production] // Tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva mekhanizirovannogo proizvodstva produkcii rastenievodstva i zhivotnovodstva. 2018. № 96. pp. 6-13.

13. Chernickij A. E., Shabunin S. V., Safonov V. A. Preeklampsiya u korov: funkcional'nye narusheniya v sisteme mat'-placenta-plod i ih posledstviya dlya zdorov'ya potomstva [Cows’ preeclampsia: functional disorders in the system mother-placenta-fetus and their consequences for the health of descendent ] // Sel'skohozyajstvennaya biologiya. 2019. T. 54. № 2. pp. 246-258.

14. Safonov V. A., Shishkina E. Selemag i gepatoprotektor v profilaktike poslerodovyh oslozhnenij u korov [Selemage and hepatoprotector in the prevention of postpartum complications in cows] // Molochnoe i myasnoe skotovodstvo. 2011. № 5. pp. 25-26.

15. Sulyga N. V. Perspektiva vnedreniya al'ternativnyh istochnikov energii v molochnyh hozyajstvah Stavropol'skogo kraya [The prospect of implantation alternative energy sources in the dairy farms  of the Stavropol Territory] // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov Krasnodarskogo nauchnogo centra po zootekhnii i veterinarii. 2019. T. 8. № 2. pp. 62-68.

16. Ermakov V. V., Safonov V. A., Yakimenko V. N. Ekspress-metod opredeleniya aktivnosti superoksiddismutazy v krovi [Express method for determining the activity of superoxide dismutase in the blood] // Rasteniya. Ekologiya. Okruzhayushchaya sreda. Doklady Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelej prirody. M. : OOO "MAKS Press", 2016. pp. 10-15.

17. Safonov V. A. Biologicheskaya rol' selena i effekty korrekcii ego soderzhaniya v organizme zhivotnyh [The biological role of selenium and the effects of the correction of its content in animals] // Geohimiya. 2018. № 10. pp. 998-1002.

18. Safonov V. A. Soderzhanie selena v krovi i sostoyanie sistemy antioksidantnoj zashchity u korov [The content of selenium in the blood and the state of the antioxidant defense system in cows] // Aktual'nye problemy boleznejobmena veshchestv u sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhivotnyh v sovremennyh usloviyah: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 40-letiyu GNU VNIVIPFiT. Voronezh : Istoki, 2010. pp. 204-207.

19. Safonov V. A. Gemomorfologicheskie sdvigi u korov v raznye periody reprodukcii [Hemomorphological changes in cows at different periods of reproduction] // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk. 2008. № 5. pp. 64-67.

20. Safonov V. A. Sostoyanie nefermentativnogo zvena antioksidantnoj zashchity u korov pri raznom soderzhanii v krovi selena [The condition of the non-enzymatic link of antioxidant protection in cows with different levels of selenium in the blood] // Aktual'nye problemy boleznej obmena veshchestv u sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhivotnyh v sovremennyh usloviyah: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 40-letiyu GNU VNIVIPFiT. Voronezh : Istoki, 2010. pp. 202-204.

21. Nezhdanov A. G., Shabunin S. V., Safonov V. A., Malanych E. V. Sistemnoe reshenie problemy sohraneniya reproduktivnogo potenciala molochnogo skota v usloviyah promyshlennyh tekhnologij ego ekspluatacii [Systemic solution to the problem of preserving the reproductive potential of dairy cattle in the conditions of industrial technologies for its operation] // Agrarnaya nauka - sel'skohozyajstvennomu proizvodstvu Sibiri, Kazahstana, Mongolii, Belarusi i Bolgarii: Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov XX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Krasnoobsk : Sibirskij federal'nyj nauchnyj centr agrobiotekhnologij Rossijskoj akademii nauk, 2017. pp. 260-262.

22. Nezhdanov A. G., Safonov V. A., Postovoj S. G., Filin V. V. Regulyatornye mekhanizmy i biologicheskie stimulyatory sokratitel'noj deyatel'nosti matki u zhivotnyh [Regulatory mechanisms and biological stimulants of contractile activity of the uterus in animals] // Sovremennye problemy veterinarnogo akusherstva i biotekhnologii vosproizvedeniya zhivotnyh: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 85-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Voronezhskoj shkoly veterinarnyh akusherov. Voronezh : Istoki, 2012. pp. 358-365.

23. Mantaeva E. I., Bataeva B. S., Goldenova V. S., Avadaeva I. V. Nekotorye aspekty perekhoda k ustojchivomu razvitiyu ekonomicheskih sistem na mezoi makrourovnyah [Some aspects of the transition to sustainable developmentof economic systems atthe meso and macro levels] // Vestnik Astrahanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Ser. Ekonomika. 2018. № 1. pp. 7-17.

24. Kazanskij D. V., Chuvashev V. N. IT-tekhnologii pri ispytaniyah energosberegayushchego oborudovaniya dlya sel'skogo hozyajstva [IT technologies for testing energy-saving equipment for agriculture] // Vestnik Vserossijskogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta mekhanizacii zhivotnovodstva. 2019. № 1 (33). pp. 173-177.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-105-109

УДК 631/171:629.3.014(100)

 

MARTIK A. KARAPETYAN, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

NATALIYA A. MOCHUNOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

NEW TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS FOR USING AUTOMATION MEANS FOR MANAGING UNITS OF FOREIGN TRACTORS

Abstract. Now in foreign tractor construction use of the automation equipment for steering of units, knots and the systems of the tractor and production control increases. Proceeding from it all traktorostroitelny firms apply on models with engines with power from 100 hp above not only local control systems for condition of units of the tractor, but also the automation equipment of process of management of separate systems, means  of optimization of work of the tractor and its units. These are first of all the electronic systems of automated management of hydrohinged devices - Tracto-control electronic - Renault, Electro-Linc - Ford, Agrotronic-H - Deutz, etc.; the integrated automated systems allowing to support the most economy mode of operation of the engine and transmission ratio of RC, the mode of slipping of wheels of the tractor in relation to loading - the ACET system - Renault, SBA - Same, Lamborghini, Informat - Steyr; Intelligence Centre onboard computers - Case International, Autocontroll - Valmet, Intellitrack - John Deere. Article opens approaches and constructional configurations of tractors and their units, their design and practical operational characteristics, features of constructional execution, and also operation and service of the equipment in the non-stationary modes taking into account the trends of development of autotractor products of global manufacturers which are available for today, historical aspects of autotractor construction and their reflection in operational characteristics of the equipment for the purpose of increase in level of automation of their control systems. The purpose of the publication of article is acquaintance of experts of field of creation and development of the tractor and automotive industry within world globalization. The main objectives of article are: - to provide knowledge of experts of historical bases of development of design and feature of operation, the production technology and trend in the theory of design and development of domestic and foreign tractors, skills of calculation of operational characteristics, characteristics of their working bodies and other types of equipment.

Key words: automation, tratkor, ergonomic probes, analysis, optimization of processes, connecting elements, operating time, constructive decisions.

 

REFERENCES

1. Novikov V. G., Shipilevskij G. B. Elektronnye sredstva avtomaticheskogo kontrolya na zarubezhnyh traktorah [Electronic means of automatic control on foreign tractors] // Traktory i sel'hozmashiny. 2010. № 9.

2. Novikov V. G., Shipilevskij G. B. Elektronnye mikroprocessory i kontrol'no-informacionnye sistemy traktornoj avtomatiki [Electronic microprocessors control and information systems of tractor automation] // Traktory i sel'hozmashiny. 2011. № 10.

3. Chernyshev V. A. Avtomobili [Cars] / Pod. red. A. V. Bogatyreva. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. : KolosS, 2008. 592 p.

4. Remencov A. N. Avtomobili i avtomobil'noe hozyajstvo [Automobiles and Automotive] // V kn.: Vvedenie v special'nost'. M. : Akademiya, 2010. 192 p.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-110-116

УДК 631.145:005

 

VADIM N. PRYAHIN, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

MARTIK A. KARAPETYAN, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

NATALIYA A. MOCHUNOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

EXTREME MANAGEMENT OF MULTIPLE OBJECTS OF AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX

Abstract. The probabilistic methods of extreme systems are investigated. The analysis of the reliability and safety of the actuators of the automated control systems (ACS) of irrigation. System models with random parameters are applied to the objects of the agroindustrial complex (AIC) are presented. The modeling of real automated control systems presented in the form of queuing systems is considered. The parameters of the operating modes of the machine-tractor unit with automated control are investigated. The methods of extreme management of agricultural facilities are presented. The basic parameters of extreme systems are investigated. The analysis and optimization of the management of agricultural facilities. The forecasting of accidents and disasters in emergency situations is given. The assessment of the state and stability of economic systems are investigated.. The extreme management of several objects of the agro-industrial complex is investigated. Examples of deterministic and stochastic extreme control systems for industrial and agricultural production facilities under various test conditions are given. Various approaches to determining the basic characteristics of extreme systems using simulation modeling and mathematical statistics are considered. The use of mechanisms and devices for controlling a machine-tractor unit in potential emergencies is justified. Quantitative and qualitative parameters, as well as economic indicators of an automated system for managing agricultural objects, are investigated.

Key words: agricultural complex, queuing theory, extreme system, service facility, research algorithm, probabilistic methods, extreme control methods, extreme system parameters, emergency, automated system, sustainability of ecological systems.

 

REFERENCES

1. Medvedev G. A., Tarasenko V. P. Veroyatnostnye metody issledovaniya ekstremal'nyh sistem. [Probabilistic methods for studying extreme systems]. M. : Nauka, 2007. 456 p.

2. Maksimov V. M., Pryahin V. N., Sokolov V. V. Issledovanie nadezhnosti i bezopasnosti raboty ispolnitel'nyh mekhanizmov sistemy avtomatizirovannogo poliva v usloviyah otkrytogo i zashchishchennogo grunta [The studying of the reliability and safety of the actuators of the automated irrigation system in the open and protected ground] // Vestnik Mezhdunarodnoj obshchestvennoj akademii ekologicheskoj bezopasnosti i prirodopol'zovaniya (MOAEBP). 2011. № 10 (17). pp. 29-35.

3. Pryahin V. N., Karapetyan M. A., Makarova E. V. Modeli sistem so sluchajnymi parametrami primenitel'no k ob"ektam agropromyshlennogo kompleksa [Models of systems with random parameters as applied to agricultural projects] // Vestnik MAEBP. 2008. 92 p.

4. Zilinov M. O., Pryahin V. N., Zhujkov Yu. F. Modelirovanie real'nyh avtomatizirovannyh sistem, predstavlennyh v vide sistemy massovogo obsluzhivaniya [Modeling of real automated systems represented in the queuing system]. Sb. materialov 2-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii "Ekologiya i bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel'nosti". Penza , 2002. pp. 99-102.

5. Mochunova N. A., Karapetyan M. A., Pryahin V. N., Maksimov V. N. Issledovanie parametrov  i adaptirovaniya rezhimov raboty MTA pri avtomatizirovannom upravlenii [The studying of parameters and adaptation of the operating modes of MTA with automated control] // Vestnik (MOAEBP). 2011. № 10 (17). pp. 59-65.

6. Pryahin V. N., Karapetyan M. A., Mochunova N. A. Voprosy modelirovaniya i avtomatizaciya promyshlennogo i sel'skohozyajstvennogo proizvodstva [Modeling and automation issues of industrial and agricultural production] // Vestnik (MOAEBP). 2012. № 11 (18). pp. 42-45.

7. Ventcel' E. S., Ovcharov L. A. Teoriya veroyatnostej i ee integral prilozheniya [Probability Theory and Its Application Integral]. M. : Nauka, 1988. 480 p.

8. Pryahin V. N., Chernenko L. P., Bol'shakov N. A. K voprosu prognozirovaniya avarij i katastrof na ob"ektah promyshlennogo i sel'skohozyajstvennogo proizvodstva [On the issue of forecasting accidents and disasters on industrial and agricultural production projects] // Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii "Problemy ekologii i bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel'nosti v HKHI veke". M. : Norma, 2002. № 3. pp. 212-213.

9. Snakin V. V., Mel'chenko V. E., Butkovskij R. O. Ocenka sostoyaniya i ustojchivosti ekosistem. [Assessment of the status and sustainability of ecosystems]. M. : Norma, 1992. 312 p.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4646-2019-69-6-117-127

УДК 338.43:005.5-027.32/33

 

ANATOLIY M. BONDARENKO, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

LUDMILA S. KACHANOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

ALLA F. REVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

NATALYA A. GLECHIKOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Azov Black Sea Engineering Institute of Don State Agricultural University, Russian Federation, Zernograd

 
MANAGEMENT MECHANISM FORMATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR RECYCLING OF ORGANIC WASTE IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF ECONOMY FORMATION

Abstract. The article analyses the methodology for the formation of a mechanism for managing organic waste recycling technologies. In developing the methodology, three main areas have been identified: a systemic holarchy of models for the placement of production and transportation of organic fertilizers, the acquisition of a multidimensional model of the systemic interaction of organic waste recycling technologies, and the formation of a business model of additional income derived from the use of fertilizers in agricultural production. Development tools have been created for each direction. This is a complex of economic and mathematical models and a set of automated information systems and information and analytical decision support systems. The principles and tasks of the functioning of all areas of the mechanism for organic waste recycling technologies managing have been defined. Two levels of implementation have been identified in the formed mechanism for managing organic waste recycling technologies: strategic and tactical. For each level, criteria and performance indicators have been identified that are generated in the system for assessing the effectiveness of the mechanism for managing organic waste recycling technologies. The developed management mechanism includes the practice-oriented approach to the resource configuration of organic waste recycling and the system of indicators of the effectiveness of managing organic waste recycling technologies. The formed mechanism for managing organic waste recycling technologies as a combination of a system of ordered knowledge and measures will ensure the implementation of scientifically based approaches in issues of ecologically regulated agricultural production. The introduction of a management mechanism will help to identify the prospects for the development of recycling technologies, to formulate greening and development programs for agricultural production.

Key words: management mechanism, methodology, recycling, organic waste, technology, technological processes, economic and mathematical model, economic efficiency.

 

REFRENCES

1. Sandu I. S., Burak P. I., Poluhin A. A. Ekonomicheskie aspekty tekhniko-tekhnologicheskoj modernizacii sel'skogo hozyajstva v usloviyah integracii v Evrazijskij ekonomicheskij soyuz [Economic aspects of technical and technological modernization of agriculture in the context of integration into the Eurasian Economic Union] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2015. № 7. pp. 84-89.

2. Truhachev V. I., Zlydnev N. Z., Zlydneva R. M. Proizvodstvo i ispol'zovanie organicheskih udobrenij [Production and use of organic fertilizers] // Vestnik APK Stavropol'ya. 2015. № S2. pp. 120-131.

3. Trukhachev V.I., Mazloev V. Z., Sklyarov I. Yu., Sklyarova Yu. M., Kalugina E. N., Volkogonova A. V. The strategic directions of innovative economy development in Russian agribusiness // Montenegrin Journal of Economics. 2016. T. 12. № 4. Pp 97-111.

4. Savkin V. I. Ekologicheskij menedzhment: reshenie problemy ustojchivogo razvitiya sel'skih territorij [Environmental Management: Solving the Problem of Sustainable Development of Rural Areas] // Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya. 2018. № 8. pp. 123-127.

5. Gulyaeva T. I., Savkin V. I., Kalinicheva E. Y., Sidorenko O. V., Buraeva E. V. Modern Organizational and Economic Aspects and Staffing Issues in Breeding and Seed Production // Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism. 2018. Vol. 9 No 8. pp. 1789-1798.

6. Ippolitova N. V. Vzaimosvyaz' ponyatij "metodologiya" i "metodologicheskij podhod" [The relationship of the concepts of "methodology" and "methodological approach"] // Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009. № 13 (146). pp. 9-15.

7. Kuznecov V. V., Gajvoronskaya N. F., Egorova O. V. Modelirovanie tekhnologicheskogo razvitiya rastenievodstva v Rossii [Modeling the technological development of crop production in Russia] // Nauchnyj zhurnal Rossijskogo NII problem melioracii. 2014. № 3 (15). pp. 158-175.

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