THE INTERNATIONAL
TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ENERGY

 

Belkin A. P.

Autonomous trigeneration time

 
7

 

 

PROCESSES AND MACHINES OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

Nechaev V. N.

Conceptual bases of high-carbohydrate liquid feeds from grain raw materials for agricultural animals' production modernization technology

 
15

Butenko A. F., Asaturyan A. V., Sheshin A. I.

To the theoretical basis of active feeder design belt grain caster

 
22

Andreev S. A., Zaginaylov V. I.

Technical means for oscillating connection of ground heat exchangers in heating systems with heat pumps

 
28

Schmiegel V. V., Uglovskiy A. S., Sotskaya E. V.

Determination of the characteristics influencing the growth of bulbs of gladioluses of led lamps in the MATLAB environment

 
40

Syrovatka V. I.

Robotic system for the production of vermiculite for livestock and crop production

 
46

Ivanov Y. A., Gridnev P. I., Gridneva T. T.

Scientific support of composting mixtures production technology in the process of manure from indoors

 
53

Privalenko A. N., Oreshenkov A. V., Bogdanov V. S.

Formalized identification algorithms of composition of motor fuels

 
59

Leonov O. A., Shkaruba N. J.

Management system of metrological assurance of measurements building on the repair and engineering enterprises

 
69

Shkaruba N. J.

Measurement processes risk management and repair manufacture

 
77

Novichenko A. I., Podkhvatilin I. M., Gornostaev V. I., Anisimov A. V.

Assessment of the degree of influence of technological parameters of production processes of environmental engineering on the effectiveness of their implementation

 
83

 

 

SAFETY OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES

 

Shebeko A. Yu.

Methods of evaluating friction intrinsic safety of constructional materials

 
90

Godovnikov A. I.

The modeling of burning cessation processes by the cellular automata method

 
96

Strelov A. V.

The use of simulation in optimization of system parameters ensure

 
101

Yaitskov I. A., Chukarin A. N., Finochenko T. A.

Study of the effect of the sound radiation of the rail on the spectrum of noise in the cabins of machinists

 
106

Bulgakova J. P., Gorchakov N. N., Fetisov A. G., Gorchakova I. M.

Regulatory framework for the development and functioning of the system of labor protection management and security of educational process in universities

 
114

Mustafayev J. S., Kozykeevа A. T., Arystanova A. B., Karpenko N. P.

Ecological and water management assessment of the transformation of the concentration of pollutants in the waters of the catchment basi

 
123

Kvachantiradze E. P., Terekhova S. I.

Climate change as the signal security of agricultural activities

 
133

 

 

ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES INDEXED IN AGRIS

 

Abstracts

143

 

 

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ENERGY

 

 

 

УДК 621.31

A. P. BELKIN, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Tyumen industrial University, Russian Federation, Tyumen

 

AUTONOMOUS TRIGENERATION TIME

Abstract. The article is devoted to improving the efficiency of energy supply in the implementation of its own sources of energy generation, taking into account the prospects of modernization of the economic situation in the country. The research and comprehensive assessment of the efficiency of the own generation using of own generation sources for the purposes of energy supply of enterprises located in the Tyumen region in terms of the relationship ambiguity of the economy, energy and development of territories. In connection with their own generation growth the constraints for the entering of foreign equipment and development of import substitution is most acutely delineated the problem of application of modern schemes of energy. The methodological approach based on a comprehensive assessment of the territorial and economic development of the territories, taking into account the requested level of continuity and mobility of installations, as well as the conditions of connection to a centralized energy source with the analysis of technical and economic characteristics of existing units are considered and proposed in the article. The author offered the method of sources of autonomous power supply acceptance determination of the industrial enterprise with application of modern schemes of energy saving on the basis of refrigerating machines of new generation efficiency. The results of the technical and economic analysis simplify the economic assessment and selection of optimal energy supply technologies.

Key words: trigeneration, refrigerators, gas turbine devices, diesel power devices, microturbines, agriculture.

 

REFERENCES

1. Artemov V. N., Klimenko A. V., Klimenko V. V., Tereshin A. G. Sravnitel'nyj analiz effektivnosti teploenergetiki Rossii i stran mira // Vestnik MPEI. 2013. No. 1. pp. 9-15.

2. Energeticheskaya strategiya Rossii na period do 2030 goda. Approved by order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated November 13, 2009 № 1715-p [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/96681/

3. Belkin, A. P., Dubov A. V. Otsenka effektivonsti perehoda na decentralizovannoe energosnabjenie v Tyumenskoy oblasti // Vestnik of the Ivanovo power engineering University. 2016. Vol. 2. pp. 5-13.

4. Vorobyov M. Y. Razrabotka metodiki ekonomicheskogo obosnovaniya primeneniya konvertirovannyh aviatsionnyh dvigatelej na kompressornyh stantsiyah Edinoj sistemy gazosnabzheniya // Problemy ekonomiki, finansov i upravleniya proizvodstvom: Collection of scientific papers of higher schools of Russia. Ivanovo: Ivanovo state University of chemistry and technology, 2010. pp. 275-279.

5. Kazakov V. G., Lukanin P. V., Smirnova O. S. Uproschennyj metod opredeleniya eksergeticheskogo kpd slozhnoj teplovoj skhemy tekhnologicheskogo protsessa. Industrial energy. 2010. No. 1. pp. 38-41.

6. Galimova L. V., Slavin R. B. Analiz effektivnosti energosberegayuschej sistemy trigeneratsii // kholodil'naya tekhnika. 2012. No. 3. pp. 16-19.

7. Litij, oblasti osvoennogo i vozmozhnogo primeneniya. M. : VINITI, 1960. 112 p.

8. Belyakov S. V., Bad I. P. Avtonomnye istochniki tepla i elektroenergii // AQUA-TERM, March 2002.

 

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PROCESSES AND MACHINES

OF AGROENGINEERING SYSTEMS

 

 

 

УДК 636.085/.087

V. N. NECHAEV, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Nizhni Novgorod State University of Engineering and Economics, Russian Federation, Knyaginino

 

CONCEPTUAL BASES OF HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE LIQUID FEEDS FROM GRAIN RAW MATERIALS FOR AGRICULTURAL ANIMALS' PRODUCTION MODERNIZATION TECHNOLOGY

Abstract. Roll and smooth-roll crushers are widely used to prepare cereal grains for feeding to farm animals. These devices are mainly designed to change the shape and size of the source material to particles. However, studies show that such methods of preparation partially revealed the nutritional value of the grain. Grinding to nanoscale particles is a deeper processing. In the process of such processing to nanoscale feed can be obtained with new functional properties that differ sharply from the characteristics of the original materials. It is known that the main components of the grain are starch and protein, and the share of starch in the grain is from 45 to 78% depending on the type of grain. However, in the usual form, the absorption coefficient of protein and starch by grain is 40-60%. The most effective is the hydro-mechanical treatment with the addition of enzymes (starch hydrolysis). The result is a homogeneous mass (grain molasses) with the content of easily digestible sugars - glucose and maltose from 16 to 25% and the absorption coefficient of 90-95%. Сonstructive-technological scheme of low-cost installation for the production of grain molasses farm animals, as well as methods for determining the optimal parameters is developed to study the process of preparation of high-carbohydrate feed.

Key words: grain molasses, high-carbon feed, hydro-mechanical treatment, hydrolysis, enzymes.

 

REFERENCES

1. Normy i ratsiony kormleniya sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhivotyh: Et al.: V. I. Fisinin [et al.]. 3-e izd. M., 2003. 456 p.

2. Motovilov K. Ya., Motovilov O. K., Motovilov V. V. Nanobiotekhnologii v proizvodstve zernovyh patok dlya zhivotnovodstva: monograph. Novosibirsk : SC NSAU "Golden ear", 2015. 134 p.

3. Savinykh P. A., Kazakov, V. A. Novye tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva polucheniya patoki iz zerna zlakovyh kul'tur // Actual problems of improving the technology of production and processing of agricultural products. 2017. No. 19. рр. 359-361.

4. Promtov M. M. Pul'satsionnye apparaty rotornogo tipa: teoriya i praktika. M. : Mechanical Engineering, 2001. 260 р.

5. Volkov V. Effektivnost' sovremennogo oborudovaniya dlya proizvodstva zernovoj patoki // World of science, culture, education. 2013. No. 1 (38). рр. 351-354.

6. Pat. No. 117100 Russian Federation, IPC b 02 C 13/20 (2006.01). Plant for the production of sugar-containing feed / Zenzero. V. Volkov, O. I. Firsov, G. F. Pidenko, applicant and patent holder of LLC "Resource-inform". No 2012104419/13 ; Appl. 08.02.2012, publ. 20.06.2012, bull. No. 17.

7. Pat. No. 46681 Russian Federation, IPC B02C 13/20 (2000.01), B02C 13/24 (2000.01), B02C 21/02 (2000.01), B02C 23/36 (2000.01) Ustanovka dlya proizvodstva saharosoderzhaschego korma / Cowards N. A., Pechev S. V., Aksenov V. V., Noskov N. V.; applicant and potentiallocation GU OPKTB SIB-NPTII WITH RAAS. No 2004131705/22 ; Appl. 29.10.2004; publ. 27.07.2005, bull. No. 21.

8. Pat. No. 138166 Russian Federation, IPC a23k 1/00 (2006.01). Complex for preparation of liquid feed / Shevchenko V. I.; applicant and patent holder of LLC "New Industrial Technologies". No 2013114805/13 ; Appl. 01.04.2013 ; publ. 10.03.2014, Byul. No. 7.

9. OOO "NOEZNO-Selmash" [Electronic resource]. URL: http://noezno.ru/equipment/korm/kip-06/kip-06 (date accessed: 15.05.2018).

10. Agricultural technologies [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.stav-agro.ru/index.php/katalog/urva-250.html (date accessed: 15.05.2018).

11. Agrobaza [Electronic resource]. URL https://www.agrobase.ru (date accessed: 15.05.2018).

12. Bystryj otkorm skota [Electronic resource]. URL: http://agrokorm.info/ru/kormoagregat-mriya-05/1/ (accessed: 15.05.2018).

 

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УДК 631.171:636

A. F. BUTENKO, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences Associate Professor

A. V. ASATURYAN, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Teacher of 1 category

A. I. SHESHIN, Master

Azov-Black sea engineering Institute-branch

Don State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Zernograd

 

TO THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF ACTIVE FEEDER DESIGN BELT GRAIN CASTER

Abstract. The article presents a brief analysis of the impact of the working bodies of post-harvest processing machines on the processed grain material. The reasons and consequences of this influence are mentioned, namely: decrease in sowing qualities at the expense of repeated influence. Possible solutions of the problem are considered. A technical solution to reduce the impact of the working body of the machine is proposed. The use of the active feeder in the form of a blade disk installed in the inner cavity of the clamping blade drum in the design of the belt grain thrower is theoretically justified. Under the action of the centrifugal force and the rotational motion of the active feeder, the grain receives acceleration, i.e. the initial speed. This allows to reduce the speed difference between the pressing drum blades and the grain and, as a result, reduce the impact load on the grain and reduce its damage. Some of the factors affecting on the magnitude of the impact load from the blades are determined. A scheme for velocities in the interaction of the blades of the working body and grains is offered. Conclusions about the effectiveness of the developed technical solution and recommendations for use are made.

Key words: belt grain caster, active feeder, impact, semi-screw blade, grain damage.

 

REFERENCES

1. Butenko A. F., Asaturyan A. V. K obosnovaniyu ehffektivnosti ispol'zovaniya kombinirovannogo lentochnogo metatelya zerna // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2018. № 1. pp. 80−86.

2. Shuhanov S. N., Tokmakova A. L. Posleuborochnaya obrabotka zernovogo voroha s ispol'zovaniem metatelya zerna barabannogo tipa // Vestnik IrGSKHA. 2015. № 66. pp. 123−128.

3. Asaturyan A. V. Obosnovanie tekhnologicheskogo processa raboty i parametrov usovershenstvovannogo lentochnogo metatelya zerna: dis. kand. tekhn. nauk: 05.20.01 / Asaturyan Andrej Vartanovich. Zernograd, 2016. 150 p.

4. Butenko A. F., Asaturyan A. V., CHepcov S. M. Rezul'taty ehksperimental'nyh issledovanij kombinirovannogo lentochnogo metatelya zerna // Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2016. № 10. pp. 79−83.

5. Butenko A. F. Metatel' zerna na osnove rabochego organa rotornogo tipa // Traktory i sel'hozmashiny. 2014. № 12. pp. 13−15.

6. Skvorcova Yu. G., Ionova E. V. Vliyanie travmirovaniya semyan ozimoj pshenicy na ih posevnye kachestva // Agrarnyj vestnik Urala. 2015. № 11 (141). pp. 16−19.

7. Butenko A. F., Maksimenko V. A. Analiz travmirovaniya semyan zernovyh kul'tur // Issledovaniya i razrabotka ehffektivnyh tekhnologij i tekhnicheskih sredstv dlya zhivotnovodstva: Sbornik. Zernograd : VNIPTIMEHSKH, 2004. pp. 75−83.

8. Asaturyan A. V. Analiz rabochih organov zernometatel'nyh mashin // Vestnik APK Stavropol'ya. 2015. № 4 (20). pp. 12−17.

 

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УДК 621.32:635.9.582.572.7

V. V. SCHMIEGEL, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

A. S. UGLOVSKIY, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

E. V. SOTSKAYA, Postgraduate

Yaroslavl State Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Yaroslavl

 

DETERMINATION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCING THE GROWTH  OF BULBS OF GLADIOLUSES OF LED LAMPS IN THE MATLAB ENVIRONMENT

Abstract. This article describes the characteristics of led lamps in Matlab, affecting the growth of gladiolus bulbs. The program, made in Matlab, allows you to display a graphical representation of the characteristics of led lamps. It represents a database of modeling parameters and light sources. When the appropriate light source is selected from the database, optimal power factors are generated for each LED lamp, depending on the color temperature. The full range of color temperature is simulated based on the power coefficients which generate at the second stage. At the last stage, graphs for visual evaluation of simulation results. Such parameters as: power coefficients depending on the color temperature, power coefficients for the maximum light power receiving the led luminous flux (lumens). are determined. You can also determine the standard color rendering IESTM-30-15 index color accuracy and color index depending on the color temperature chart definition of CIE 1976 (CIELUV) color space to estimate color and white. The article contains formulas that are used to calculate the photometric equivalent of radiation, the maximum light fluxes depending on the color temperature., The test calculation was performed on the basis of the presented graphical data to select the appropriate lamp.

Key words: led lamp, photosynthesis, wavelength, fitton, telemetrically flow.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sotskaya E. V. Primenenie polya koronnogo razryada i razlichnogo vida osvescheniya dlya tsvetochnyh lukovichnyh kul'tur v zaschischennom grunte // Herald of agrarian and industrial complex of the upper Volga region. 2017. № 4 (40). pp. 88-93.

2. CIE (Commission Internationale de l'eclairage), 2004. Photometry-The TIME system of physical photometry. Vienna (Austria). CIE Standard. CIE S 010 / E:2004. 19 p.

3. Bykov A. M. Vygonka gladiolusov [Electronic resource]. Access mode: http://www.policvet.ru/statText/4_11.pdf, free.

4. Jakko Pasanen. Tunable White LED [electronic resource]. Access mode: https://github.com/jaakkopasanen/matlab-led-designer/blob/master/tunableWhite.m.

 

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УДК 62-721

A. N. PRIVALENKO, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

A. V. ORESHENKOV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences

25th State research Institute of chemistry of Ministry of defense, Russian Federation, Moscow

V. S. BOGDANOV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Prof

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

FORMALIZED IDENTIFICATION ALGORITHMS OF COMPOSITION OF MOTOR FUELS

Abstract. In the production of motor fuels an important parameter for the stability of the process is the immutability of their composition. The motor fuels quality monitoring in the supply of their consumers helps to prevent the market of low-quality product. Since the composition of modern motor fuels includes a large number of different components the identification of their component composition is a difficult task. Methods of SOBAS are new direction of chemical science,so-called computer chemistry, based on Chemometrics algorithms which are used to identify the analysis abroad. In this scientific direction computer technologies are widely used in qualitative analysis. This article proposes formalized algorithms for the identification of motor fuels by chemical, physical and physico-chemical methods, allowing to ensure the identification of the object of identification with a known chemical substance (component, hydrocarbon, etc.), taking into account the characteristics of the component, hydrocarbon and heteroatomic composition of fuels. In developing of the presented methods, the authors were guided by the normative and legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as taking into account national and international standards and rules. The presented methods of identification provide the required reliability of the results.

Key words: motor fuels, technological process, quality monitoring, component composition of motor fuel, identification of motor fuel composition, instrumental methods, motor gasoline.

 

REFERENCES

1. Oreshenkov A. V., Privalenko A. N., Balak G. M., Krasnaya L. V. Himmotologicheskie aspekty primeneniya fizicheskih metodov // Tekhnologiya nefti i gaza. 2014. № 5. pp. 38−42.

2. Himicheskaya ehnciklopediya. M. : Sovetskaya ehnciklopediya, 1990. Tom 2. 345 p.

3. Slovar' russkogo yazyka. M. : Sovetskaya ehnciklopediya, 1976. 175 p.

4. Politekhnicheskij slovar'. M. : Russkij yazyk, 1981.

5. Mil'man B. L. Vvedenie v himicheskuyu identifikaciyu. SPb. : VVM, 2008. 180 p.

6. Zolotov Yu. A., Ivanov V. M., Amelin V. G. Himicheskie test-metody analiza. M. : Editorial URSS, 2002. 304 p.

7. Himicheskaya ehnciklopediya / Gl. red. I. L. Knunyanc. M. : Sovetskaya ehnciklopediya, 1990. T. 2. p. 345, 709.

8. Balak G. M., Privalenko A. N., Oreshenkov A. V., Krasnaya L. V., Zueva V. D., Smirnova I. A. Identifikaciya ehlementnogo sostava osadkov i otlozhenij, obrazuyushchihsya pri primenenii nefteproduktov, metodom plamennoj atomno-absorbcionnoj spektrometrii // Himiya i tekhnologiya topliv i masel. 2016. № 2. pp. 51−56.

9. Osnovy analiticheskoj himii (v dvuh knigah) / Pod red. Yu. A. Zolotova. M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1999. T. 2. 431 p.

10. Shrajner R., F'yuzon P., Kertin D. i dr. Identifikaciya organicheskih soedinenij. M. : Mir, 1983. 704 p.

11. Privalenko A. N., Balak G. M., Bagramova Eh. K., Zueva V. D., Pulyaev N. N. Atomno-absorbcionnoe opredelenie soderzhanie metallov v neftyanyh toplivah // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2013. № 5. pp. 97−108.

12. Privalenko A. N., Balak G. M., Bagramova Eh. K., Zueva V. D., Pulyaev N. N. Opredelenie soderzhaniya vanadiya i natriya v ostatochnyh toplivah metodom plamennoj atomno-absorbcionnoj spektrometrii // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2013. № 5. pp. 95−104.

13. Oreshenkov A. V., Privalenko A. N., Balak G. M., Pulyaev N. N. Spektroskopicheskie metody v himmotologii // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2013. № 4. pp. 88−94.

14. GOST R 54500.1−2011 Neopredelennost' izmereniya. CHast' 1. Vvedenie v rukovodstva po neopredelennosti izmereniya. Vved. 2012−10−01. M. : Izd-vo Standartinform, 2012. 18 p.

15. GOST R 54500.3−2011 Neopredelennost' izmereniya. CHast' 3. Rukovodstvo po vyrazheniyu neopredelennosti izmereniya. Vved. 2012−10−01. M. : Izd-vo Standartinform, 2012.

 

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УДК 606.91:631.173

O. A. LEONOV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences Professor

N. J. SHKARUBA, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Professor

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy Russian Federation, Moscow

 

MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF METROLOGICAL ASSURANCE OF MEASUREMENTS BUILDING ON THE REPAIR AND ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES

Abstract. The main advantages of development of control system of metrological assurance of measurements at machine-building and repair enterprises in accordance with the requirements of modern Russian and international standards are considered. The technique of transition from functional management of metrological support to process management, which is based on the application of the process approach and PDCA cycle and includes four stages: planning and development of measurement processes, work on metrological confirmation of metrological suitability, analysis of the state of metrological support of the object, and improvement of the system. The processes of the highest level for the control system of metrological assurance of measurements are defined and the register of processes is constructed. Top-level processes, depending on the content, are divided into sub-processes or procedures. Five main processes are identified: planning of the metrological assurance measurement management system, management of system resources, metrological assurance of measurements, evaluation of performance, analysis and improvement of the system of metrological assurance of measurements by senior management. The proposed approach to the construction of a system of metrological assurance of measurements at repair and machine − building enterprises will solve several problems at once-will provide better control of metrological assurance processes and reduce the risk of the probability that the measuring equipment and measuring processes will give incorrect results that can affect the quality of services and products of machine-building of agroindustrial complex.

Key words: metrological support, management systems, quality, process approach.

 

REFERENCES

1. GOST R 8.820-2013. Gosudarstvennaya sistema obespecheniya edinstva izmerenij (GSI). Metrologicheskoe obespechenie. Osnovnye polozheniya. Vved. 2015−01−01. M. : Standartinform, 2014.

2. Leonov O. A., Temasova G. N. Metodika otsenki vnutrennih poter' dlya predpriyatij TS v APK pri vnedrenii sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2012. № 1 (52). pp. 128−129.

3. Leonov O. A., SHkaruba N. Zh., Vergazova Yu. G., Antonova U. Yu. Metrologicheskoe obespechenie kontrolya gil'z tsilindrov pri remonte dizelej // Vestnik Baranovichskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2018. № 6. pp. 104−109.

4. Belov V. V., Lopatin A. K. Algoritm otsenki geometricheskih parametrov izdelij, nahodyaschihsya na konvejernoj lente // XXI vek: itogi proshlogo i problemy nastoyaschego plyus. 2016. № 6 (34). pp. 34−42.

5. GOST R ISO 9001-2015. Sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva. Trebovaniya. Vved. 2015−15−01. M. : Standartinform, 2016.

6. Bondareva G. I. Postroenie sovremennoj sistemy kachestva na predpriyatiyah tekhnicheskogo servisa // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2017. № 8. pp. 34−35.

7. Nekrasov M. V., Belov V. V. Formirovanie trebovanij k informatsionnoj sisteme predpriyatiya // Cloud of Science. 2015. T. 2. № 2. pp. 282−301.

8. Belov V. V., Nekrasov M. V. Metodika otsenka zatrat na vnedrenie modulya korporativnoj informatsionnoj sistemy upravleniya na mashinostroitel'nom predpriyatii // Cloud of Science. 2014. T. 1. № 3. pp. 487−497.

9. GOST R ISO 10012-2008. Menedzhment organizatsii. Sistemy menedzhmenta izmerenij. Trebovaniya k protsessam izmerenij i izmeritel'nomu oborudovaniyu. Vved. 2009−15−01. M. : Standartinform, 2009.

10. Bondareva G. I., Vergazova Yu. G., Mitrofanov I. S. Protsessnyj podhod k deyatel'nosti predpriyatij po remontu mashin v APK // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2018. № 5. pp. 18−19.

11. Karpuzov V. V., Samordin A. N. Novye podhody k upravleniyu ekonomikoj kachestva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2010. № 6. pp. 32−34.

12. Golinitskij P. V., Vergazova Yu. G., Antonova U. Yu. Razrabotka protsedury upravleniya vnutrennej dokumentatsiej dlya promyshlennogo predpriyatiya // Kompetentnost'. 2018. № 7 (158). pp. 20−25.

13. GOST R ISO 19011-2012. Rukovodyaschie ukazaniya po auditu sistem menedzhmenta. Vved. 2013−02−01. M. : Standartinform, 2013.

14. Leonov O. A. Razrabotka sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva dlya predpriyatij tekhnicheskogo servisa. M. : Izdatel'stvo RGAU-MSKHA, 2016. 161 p.

15. Dorohov A. S., Kataev Yu. V., Skorohodov D. M. Teoreticheskoe obosnovanie klassifikatsii vhodnogo kontrolya kachestva mashinostroitel'noj produktsii // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2015. № 2. pp. 49-54.

16. Dorohov A. S., Krasnyaschih K. A., Skorohodov D. M. Sredstva kontrolya kachestva sel'skohozyajstvennoj tekhniki // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2015. № 10. pp. 34−35.

 

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УДК 005.33:631.173

N. J. SHKARUBA, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Professor

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Moscow


MEASUREMENT PROCESSES RISK MANAGEMENT AND REPAIR MANUFACTURE

Abstract. Modern society places high demands on the quality of products and services, which is provided by the quality of measurements. The article presents the developed methodology for assessing the risks of measuring processes in the repair industry, which includes the calculation of losses and the probability of making incorrect decisions based on inaccurate measurement information. The main purpose of the system of metrological assurance of measurements is to create conditions for obtaining measurement information that has the properties necessary and sufficient to develop certain solutions from the position of risk assessment. The main differences in the application of risk assessment methods of measuring processes in mechanical engineering in mass production and repair, when production can only be small-scale. The main stages of risk management of measuring processes are allocated and the algorithm and matrix of risk assessment of measuring processes at repair of cars are developed. Recommendations on the classification of measuring processes depending on the degree of risk are given. Technological and metrological factors affecting the probability of making an erroneous decision during the control are identified. Among the metrological factors identified three main groups: factors due to the influence of the human operator, the imperfection of the measurement method used by the measuring tool. The application of the developed methodology creates a basis for improving the effectiveness of the system of metrological assurance of measurements in the repair industry, the possibility of achieving qualitatively new results and preventing adverse consequences from making wrong decisions based on inaccurate measurement information.

Key words: measuring processes, risk management, losses, risks, quality of measurements.

 

REFRENCES

1. Bondareva G. I. Vhodnoj kontrol' i metrologicheskoe obespechenie na predpriyatiyah tekhnicheskogo servisa // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2017. № 4. pp. 36−38.

2. Leonov O. A., Shkaruba N. Zh. Upravlenie kachestvom metrologicheskogo obespecheniya predpriyatij // Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov VIM. 2012. T. 2. pp. 412−420.

3. Leonov O. A., Bondareva G. I., Shkaruba N. Zh. Otsenka kachestva izmeritel'nyh protsessov v remontnom proizvodstve // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2013. № 2. p. 36.

4. Bondareva G. I. Postroenie sovremennoj sistemy kachestva na predpriyatiyah tekhnicheskogo servisa // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2017. № 8. pp. 34−35.

5. GOST R ISO 9001-2015. Sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva. Trebovaniya. Vved. 2015−11−01. M. : Standartinform, 2016.

6. Belov V. V., Lopatin A. K. Sistema opticheskogo kontrolya kachestva izgotovleniya detalej zheleznodorozhnogo naznacheniya // V sb.: Sovremennye tekhnologii v nauke i obrazovanii − STNO-2018: Sbornik trudov mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-tekhnicheskogo foruma: v 11 tomah / Pod obsch. red. O. V. Milovzorova. 2018. pp. 150−154.

7. Belov V. V., Lopatin A. K. Formirovanie smesej algoritmov dlya resheniya zadachi avtomaticheskogo izmereniya razmerov izdelij na konvejernoj lente // Cloud of Science. 2017. T. 4. № 3. pp. 384−394.

8. Belov V. V., Lopatin A. K. Algoritm otsenki geometricheskih parametrov izdelij, nahodyaschihsya na konvejernoj lente // XXI vek: itogi proshlogo i problemy nastoyaschego plyus. 2016. № 6 (34). pp. 34−42.

9. Leonov O. A. Issledovanie zatrat i poter' pri kontrole sheek kolenchatogo vala v usloviyah remontnogo proizvodstva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2013. № 2. pp. 71−74.

10. Leonov O. A., Antonova U. Yu. Metodika rascheta ekonomii ot ispol'zovaniya bolee tochnogo sredstva izmerenij pri izgotovlenii i remonte mashin // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2018. № 4(86). pp. 42−46.

11. Leonov O. A., Shkaruba N. Zh., Vergazova Yu. G., Antonova U. Yu. Metrologicheskoe obespechenie kontrolya gil'z tsilindrov pri remonte dizelej // Vestnik Baranovichskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2018. № 6. pp. 104−109.

12. Leonov O. A., Temasova G. N. Metodika otsenki vnutrennih poter' dlya predpriyatij TS v APK pri vnedrenii sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2012. № 1(52). pp. 128−129.

13. Leonov O. A., Temasova G. N. Ekonomika kachestva. Saarbrucken, 2015. 305 p.

14. Leonov O. A., Temasova G. N. Ispol'zovanie diagrammy Pareto pri raschete vneshnih poter' ot braka // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2004. № 5. pp. 81−82.

15. Bondareva G. I. Effektivnost' vnedreniya sistemy kachestva na predpriyatiyah tekhnicheskogo servisa APK // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2016. № 4. pp. 34−35.

16. Karpuzov V. V., Samordin A. N. Novye podhody k upravleniyu ekonomikoj kachestva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. 2010. № 6. pp. 32−34.

 

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SAFETY OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

УДК 331.45:621.31

A. Yu. SHEBEKO, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Head of Department

Fire Safety Research Institute, Russian Federation, Balashikha

 

METHODS OF EVALUATING FRICTION INTRINSIC SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Abstract. It is known that the friction particles formed as a result of the relative movement of the two contacting surfaces, depending on their dispersion, initial temperature, the presence of an oxidizer and other factors, can be heated to the temperature of the visible glow. Friction sparks, which are formed by friction or collision of working parts of technological machines and mechanisms, as well as when performing maintenance personnel technological and repair work, are one of the most common sources of ignition of explosive atmospheres. The experiments used a device with a rotating wheel with a diameter of 10 or 30 cm, which was in contact with a horizontal platform with dimensions of 7x7 or 25x25 mm. the speed of rotation of the wheel at the point of contact varied in the range from 0.2 to 20 m/s at a load of 5000 N. The temperature of the flat area was measured using thermocouples and an infrared pyrometer. The wheel is made of hardened steel. The platform was made of hardened or non-hardened steel, aluminum, aluminum and bronze alloy, quartz. The pressure in the contact zone was several megapascals. It is established that the size generated from the friction of heated particles amounted to several hundreds of microns. The temperature of the horizontal surface of the platform, depending on the applied power (up to 4 kW), reached 1000 C for a wheel with a diameter of 30 cm and 500 C for a wheel with a diameter of 10 cm.About 80% of the thermal energy released during friction is dissipated by thermal conductivity. The resulting heated particles ("sparks") had a mass of at least 0.07 g, depending on the friction conditions and the type of material. The number of particles formed was several tens per second. The share of energy from friction, going to the formation of particles, is about 1 %.

Key words: intrinsic safety, structural material, method, evaluation, friction.

 

REFERENCES

1. Shebeko Yu. N., Navtsenya V. Yu., Kostyuhin A. K. i dr. Metody issledovaniya iskrobezopasnosti materialov // Pozharovzryvobezopasnost'. 2000. T. 9. № 1. pp. 18−27.

2. Metodika otsenki iskrobezopasnosti materialov. M. : VNIIPO, 2000. 11 p.

3. Proust C., Hawksworth S., Rogers R., Beyer M., Lakic D., Raveau D., Herve P., Pin V., Petitfrere C., Lefebre X. Development of a method for predicting the ignition of explosive atmospheres by mechanical friction and impacts (MECHEX) // Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 2007. V. 20. pp. 349−369.

4. Komai T., Uchida S., Umezu M. Ignition of methane-air mixtures by frictional sparks from light alloys // Safety Science. 1994. V. 17. № 1. pp. 91−102.

5. Powell F. Ignition of flammable gases and vapors by friction between footwear and flooring materials // Journal of Hazardous Materials. 977. V. 2. pp. 309-319.

6. Schulz F., Dittmar P. Experimentelle untersuchungen uber die zundfahigkut von schlagfunken gegenuber explosiblen gasfornugen gemischen // Arbeitsschutz. 1963. V. 10. p. 259.

7. Pravila protivopozharnogo rezhima v Rossijskoj Federatsii. Utverzhdeny Postanovleniem Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federatsii ot 25.04.2012 № 390 [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70070244/

8. Taubkin S. I. Pozhar i vzryv, osobennosti ih ekspertizy. M. : VNIIPO, 1998. 600 p.

9. Tekhnicheskie trebovaniya na zaporno-plombirovochnye ustrojstva mekhanicheskie dlya zheleznodorozhnyh tsistern i vagonov. M. : MPS, 1998. 5 p.

10. Instruktsiya po nalivu, slivu i perevozke szhizhennyh uglevodorodnyh gazov v zhelezno-dorozhnyh vagonah-tsisternah. M. : Nedra, 1980.

11. GOST R 91330.0−99*. Elektrooborudovanie vzryvozaschischennoe. Obschie trebovaniya (Prilozhenie E. Ispytaniya materialov na friktsionnuyu iskrobezopasnost'). Vved. 2014−02−15. M. : Standartinform, 2018.

12. Pat. 204933 Rossijskaya Federatsiya, MPK G 01 N 33/20 (1995.01), E 21 F 5/00 (1995.01). Sposob ispytaniya na friktsionnuyu iskrobezopasnost' obraztsov iz legkih splavov Ihno S. A., Belokon' G. S.; zayavitel' i patentoobladatel' Makeevskij nauchno-issledovatel'skij institut po bezopasnosti rabot v gornoj promyshlennosti. W5067567/28; zayavl. 18.09.1992; opubl. 27.11.1995.

 

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УДК 614.841.11/.12

A. I. GODOVNIKOV, Deputy Head (for academic Affairs), Head of the Training Department

Training Center of the Federal Fire Service in Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Region-Yugra, Russian Federation, Surgut

 

THE MODELING OF BURNING CESSATION PROCESSES BY THE CELLULAR AUTOMATA METHOD

Abstract. In this study the problem of snow mass utilization in Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra is considered. The characteristic of the territory of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra, as well as its climatic features. The urgency of problems connected with utilization of snow masses is determined. When writing the work took into account a number of economic and environmental factors affecting the choice of methods of snow removal. Identified as the most promising technological methods of processing and snow removal for settlements and actually used in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra. A no-export method of snow storage, in which snow is stored in the shafts in the raft lane until the end of the winter period. And the export method, in which snow is exported to the places of its storage, this method is the most common in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra, but at the same time the most expensive. For the purpose of complex improvement of an ecological situation in article the polluting substances containing in snow masses are considered. Analyzed and recycling options snow when using snow-melting stations and stationary engineering-equipped snow fall points. It is concluded that the use of stationary snow melting equipment with the use of drainage stations for the removal of treated melt water is most acceptable in the settlements.

Key words: snowpack, snow disposal, snow dump, fact.

 

REFERENCES

1. Chen, Chongcheng, Liyu Tang, Xiaogang Feng, and Kaihui Lin. 2006. “A Distributed Forest Fire Fighting Simulation System Based on HLA.” In Technologies for E-Learning and Digital Entertainment, eds. Zhigeng Pan et al. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1107-11.

2. Chi, Sung-Do et al. 2003. “A Simulation-Based Decision Support System for Forest Fire Fighting.” In AI*IA 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, eds. Amedeo Cappelli and Franco Turini. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 487-98.

3. Hou, Yue, Jin-Yun Pu, and Xiao-Hong Chen. 2011. “Ship Water Fire-Fighting System Survivability Simulation Based on Intelligent Reconfiguration Arithmetic.” In Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence, eds. Hepu Deng, Duoqian Miao, Jingsheng Lei, and Fu Lee Wang. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 18-26.

4. Kretschmer, Martin, and Elmar Langetepe. 2018. “Evolutionary Learning of Fire Fighting Strategies.” In Artificial Evolution, eds. Evelyne Lutton et al. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 162-75.

5. Ohta, Masayuki, Tomoichi Takahashi, and Hiroaki Kitano. 2001. “Robocup-Rescue Simulation: In Case of Fire Fighting Planning.” In RoboCup 2000: Robot Soccer World Cup IV, eds. Peter Stone, Tucker Balch, and Gerhard Kraetzschmar. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 351-56.

6. Osaragi, Toshihiro, and Noriaki Hirokawa. 2017. “A Decision Support System for Fighting Multiple Fires in Urban Areas Caused by Large Earthquakes.” In Planning Support Science for Smarter Urban Futures, eds. Stan Geertman, Andrew Allan, Chris Pettit, and John Stillwell. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 77-93. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57819-4_5.

7. Plat, Marie-Christine J, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, and Judith K Sluiter. 2010. “Clinimetric Quality of the Fire Fighting Simulation Test as Part of the Dutch Fire Fighters Workers’ Health Surveillance.” BMC Health Services Research 10(1): 32. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-32.

8. Setiawan, Joga D, Mochamad Subchan, and Agus Budiyono. 2009. “Virtual Reality Simulation of Fire Fighting Robot Dynamic and Motion.” In Intelligent Unmanned Systems: Theory and Applications, eds. Agus Budiyono, Bambang Riyanto, and Endra Joelianto. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 191-203. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00264-9_12.

9. Tao, Rui, Hong-xiang Ren, and Xiu-quan Peng. 2017. “Ship Fire-Fighting Training System Based on Virtual Reality Technique.” In Modeling, Design and Simulation of Systems, eds. Mohamed Sultan Mohamed Ali et al. Singapore: Springer Singapore, 249-60.

10. Van den Bosch, Karel, Maaike Harbers, Annerieke Heuvelink, and Willem van Doesburg. 2009. “Intelligent Agents for Training On-Board Fire Fighting.” In Digital Human Modeling, ed. Vincent G Duffy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 463-72.

 

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УДК 004.94

A. V. STRELOV, Deputy Head of Department

Department of supervision and preventive work (in Surgut) оf the Department of supervision and preventive work оf the main Department of EMERCOM of Russia in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Region-Yugra, Russian Federation, Surgut

 

THE USE OF SIMULATION IN OPTIMIZATION OF SYSTEM PARAMETERS ENSURE

Abstract. Improving the economic efficiency of measures to ensure fire safety of potentially dangerous objects is closely related to the problem of optimization of their fire safety systems. Optimization involves a choice of parameters of fire safety systems, which would ensure the minimum size of the negative consequences of fires. According to statistics, the consequences of large fires at potentially hazardous facilities, in particular at oil and natural gas processing plants, chemical industry, facilities where highly toxic substances are handled or stored on a regional scale, can be catastrophic. In the context of limited funds allocated to solve the problems of fire safety of industrial facilities, of particular importance are the tasks of improving the efficiency of fire safety systems. One of the ways to solve these problems is the mathematical modeling of fire safety systems and its subsystems. The construction of mathematical models of fire safety systems of various objects, including production, is devoted to a number of domestic and foreign publications, which analyze the composition and functions of fire safety systems, suggests ways to improve it. The use of mathematical modeling to improve the efficiency of fire safety systems on potentially dangerous objects in all directions is considered.

Key words: economic efficiency, fire safety, mathematical model, modeling.

 

REFERENCES

1. An, Chunlei, Yunqi Luo, and Andreas Timm-Giel. 2012. “Adaptive Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks for Fire Fighting.” In Information and Communication Technologies, eds. Robert Szabe and Attila Vidоcs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 275-85.

2. Cowlard, Adam et al. 2010. “Sensor Assisted Fire Fighting.” Fire Technology 46(3): 719-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-008-0069-1.

3. An, Chunlei, and Andreas Timm-Giel. 2012. “Applying Wireless Sensor Networks in Fire Fighting.” In Mobile Networks and Management, eds. Kostas Pentikousis, Rui Aguiar, Susana Sargento, and Ramоn Aguero. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 386-95.

4. Guigay, Georges et al. 2009. “The Use of CFD Calculations to Evaluate Fire-Fighting Tactics in a Possible Backdraft Situation.” Fire Technology 45(3): 287-311. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-008-0058-4.

5. Chiesa, Peter J, and Raymond S Alger. 1980. “Severe Laboratory Fire Test for Fire Fighting Foams.” Fire Technology 16(1): 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01857840.

6. Plat, M J, M H W Frings-Dresen, and J K Sluiter. 2011. “A Systematic Review of Job-Specific Workers’ Health Surveillance Activities for Fire-Fighting, Ambulance, Police and Military Personnel.” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 84(8): 839-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-011-0614-y.

7. Siciliano, Bruno, and Luigi Villani. 2004. “Inverse Kinematics with Fuzzy Redundancy Resolution for a Fire Fighting Robot.” In On Advances in Robot Kinematics, eds. J Lenarcic and C Galletti. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 283-92.

8. Wei, Wang. 2012. “Design and Implementation of Online Training System of Fire Fighting Certification Examination.” In Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice, ed. Yanwen Wu. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1131-37.

9. Tarasenko, Alexander, Petr Chepur, and Alesya Gruchenkova. 2018. “Assessment of the Subsurface Fire-Fighting System Pipeline Impact on the Tank Stress State During the Foundation Settlement.” In International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Transportation Facilities and Transport EMMFT 2017, eds. Vera Murgul and Zdenka Popovic. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 936-43.

10. Querrec, Ronan, and Pierre Chevaillier. 2001. “Virtual Storytelling for Training: An Application to Fire Fighting in Industrial Environment.” In Virtual Storytelling Using Virtual Reality Technologies for Storytelling, eds. Olivier Balet, Gerard Subsol, and Patrice Torguet. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 201-4.

 

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УДК 331.45:629.4

I. A. YAITSKOV, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor, Deputy Director of the research part

A. N. CHUKARIN, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

T. A. FINOCHENKO, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Rostov State Transport University, Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

 

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF THE SOUND RADIATION OF THE RAIL ON THE SPECTRUM OF NOISE IN THE CABINS OF MACHINISTS

Abstract. Cabs of a wide class of locomotives have a large area of glazing. Glazing refers to the" weak " elements of sound insulation, which explains the significant impact of both structural and air component of noise on the formation of acoustic characteristics inside the cabins of locomotives. Sound energy from the rails penetrates into the workplaces of drivers through the glazing elements, the sound insulation of which is much less than that of the supporting structure of the cabins. Practical implementation of sanitary norms of noise in the cabins of locomotive crews is provided by the selection of sound-absorbing materials in the workplace of drivers and the thickness of the glazing elements. Mainly in locomotives and locomotives glazing elements are double-glazed Windows, but in some series of shunting and main cargo locomotives glazing elements are single. The study of the process of noise formation in the workplace of the driver is carried out under certain assumptions: the sound field both inside and outside is diffuse, the main sources are broadband emitters, sound pressure and power from different sources are determined by the principle of energy summation, noise characteristics in the cabin are formed due to the simultaneous influence of sources (internal and external) of air noise and structural noise transmitted through the frame of the cabin. Based on the calculated data it is possible to choose the maximum value of the glass thickness.

Key words: acoustic characteristics, the sound pressure, the noise, the cab of the locomotive, sound energy rails, soundproofing glazing.

 

REFERENCES

1. Meskhi B. Ch., Vilinov I. E., Chukarin A. N., Boguslavskij I. V. Uluchshenie uslovij truda operatorov kranov putem snizheniya shuma v kabinah (teoriya i praktika): monografiya. Rostov-n/D: Izdatel'skij tsentr DGTU, 2010. 200 p.

2. Yaitskov I. A. Teoreticheskoe issledovanie vozdushnoj sostavlyayuschej shuma silovyh ustanovok transportnyh mashin // Internet-zhurnal «NAUKOVEDENIE». T. 9. № 6 (2017). Rezhim dostupa: https://naukovedenie.ru /PDF/35TVN617.pdf (dostup svobodnyj).

3. Yaitskov I. A., Razdorskij S. A. O raschete spektrov vibratsij i shuma tonkostennyh obolochek na primere kapotov silovyh ustanovok i pri abrazivnoj obrabotke svarnyh shvov kuzovnyh konstruktsij // Mezhdunarodnoe nauchnoe izdanie Sovremennye fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovaniya / International scientific periodical Modern fundamental and applied researches. 2017. № 4(27). Ch. 1. pp. 191-196.

4. Podust S. F., Chukarin A. N., Boguslavskij I. V. Osnovy vibroakusticheskih raschetov otechestvennyh elektrovozov. Rostov-n/D : Izdatel'skij tsentr DGTU, 2013. 157 p.

5. Sergienko V. P., Buharov S. N., Kolesnikov I. V., Pronnikov Yu. V., Sychev A. P., Chukarin A. N. Snizhenie shuma i vibratsii transportnyh sredstv. M. : Mashinostroenie, 2014. 297 p.

6. Yaitskov I. A., Finochenko T. A., Chukarin A. N. Identifikatsiya proizvodstvennyh faktorov, vliyayuschih na usloviya truda rabotnikov lokomotivnyh brigad teplovozov i motovozov // Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona. 2017. № 4. Rezhim dostupa: http://ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n4y2017/4438.

7. Yaitskov I. A., Chukarin A. N., Finotchenko T. A. Theoretical Research of Noise and Vibration Spectra in Cabins of Locomotive and Diesel Shunting Locomotive // International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. ISSN 0973-4562. Vol. 12. N 21(2017). pp. 10724-10730.

8. Ivanov N. I. Bor'ba s shumom i vibratsiyami na putevyh i stroitel'nyh mashinah. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. : Transport, 1987. 223 p.

9. Ivanov N. I., Krishnevskij B. A. Analiz effektivnosti zvukoizoliruyuschih kabin samohodnyh mashin // Bor'ba s shumom i vrednymi vibratsiyami v stroitel'stve. L. : Leningr. dom n.-t. propagandy, 1982. pp. 45-51.

10. Ivanov N., Kurzev G. The Theoru and Rrastise of Sonstruction and Transport Machine Noise Reduction // Unikeller Conference. Zorich, 1989. p. 4.

11. Pronnikov Yu. V. O raschete sostavlyayuschej shuma v kabinah mashinistov podvizhnogo sostava, sozdavaemoj vibratsiej elementov ostekleniya // Transport. Bezopasnost'. Logistika: tr. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. Rostov-n/D, 2010. pp. 8-14.

12. Pronnikov Yu. V. Modelirovanie strukturnoj sostavlyayuschej shuma v kabinah mashinistov podvizhnogo sostava // Vestnik RGUPS. 2010. № 3. pp. 64-68.

13. Borisov L. P., Guzhas D. R. Zvukoizolyatsiya v mashinostroenii M. : Mashinostroenie, 1990. 256 p.

14. Tekhnicheskaya akustika transportnyh mashin: Spravochnik / L. G. Balishanskaya, L. F. Drozdova, N. I. Ivanov [i dr.] / Pod red. N. I. Ivanova. SPb. : Politekhnika, 1992. 365 p.

 

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УДК 331.45:378

J. P. BULGAKOVA, Ph. D. of Philosophical, Sciences Independent Researcher

N. N. GORCHAKOV, Postgraduate

A. G. FETISOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Professor

Moscow Aviation Institute, Russian Federation, Moscow

I. M. GORCHAKOVA, Head of Labor Protection Service

Limited liability company RSU "Protivoves", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONING OF THE SYSTEM OF LABOR PROTECTION MANAGEMENT AND SECURITY OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN UNIVERSITIES

Abstract. The basic documents of the development and operation of the occupational safety management system and ensuring the safety of the educational process in universities, as well as the need to develop a comprehensive safety assessment, including the assessment of legislative requirements in the field of occupational safety, fire safety, sanitary and epidemiological requirements and the management of hazards and risks for workplaces in laboratories. It is determined that modern higher technical education can not remain without close attention to the issues of security of the educational process. High-quality technical education is associated with a variety of experiments conducted on complex stands and a variety of equipment. At present, both traditional and modern equipment is used, for which rules on labor protection have not yet been developed. Organizing the educational process with the use of complex equipment, it is necessary to take all possible safety measures to avoid accidents and situations that threaten the life and health of students and workers. Under the safety of workplaces of laboratories of higher educational institutions means the following areas: occupational safety, safety of the educational process, fire safety and sanitary and epidemiological requirements. The issue of security is most relevant for technoparks and centers of collective use in universities, as the specificity of these objects is that in one space several projects are carried out simultaneously, which are not connected with each other by a common task and coordination. It is necessary to take into account the proximity of the work performed and the possible impact on students and workers of harmful and dangerous production factors.

Key words: labor protection, management system of labor protection, safety of educational process, fire safety, sanitary and epidemiological conclusion, conclusion on compliance (non-compliance) of objects of protection with fire safety requirements, integrated safety assessment methodology.

 

REFERENCES

1. Trudovoj Kodeks RF. 197-FZ ot 30.12.2001 g. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34683/

2. Federal'nyj Zakon № 273 ot 29.12.2012 «Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federatsii» [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_140174/

3. Pis'mo Ministerstva obrazovaniya i nauki RF ot 25.08.2015 g., № 12-1077 «O napravlenii rekomendatsij» (Rekomendatsii po sozdaniyu i funktsionirovaniyu sistemy upravleniya ohranoj truda i obespecheniyu bezopasnosti obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v obrazovatel'nyh organizatsiyah, osuschestvlyayuschih obrazovatel'nuyu deyatel'nost') [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71071390/

4. GOST R 12.0.007-2009. Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda. Sistema upravleniya ohranoj truda v organizatsii. Obschie trebovaniya po razrabotke, primeneniyu, otsenke i sovershenstvovaniyu (utv. i vveden v dejstvie Prikazom Rostekhregulirovaniya ot 21.04.2009 № 138-st). Vved. 2010-07-01. M. : Standartinform, 2009.

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УДК 551.583:631(470)

E. P. KVACHANTIRADZE, Ph. D. of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, Professor

S. I. TEREKHOVA, Postgraduate

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation, Moscow

 
CLIMATE CHANGE AS THE SIGNAL SECURITY OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES

Abstract. This article contains explanation of necessity of changes in a changing climate. Researches were conducted in the European part of Russia on the Eastern longitude of 40.3° for the archived hydro-meteorological data of meteorological stations Arkhangelsk (No. 22550), Rostov-on-don (No. 34730), Vladimir (No. 27532). The study period passed from 1883 to 2015. Average monthly meteorological data on air temperature, humidity and precipitation were collected and processed. Theoretical calculations of water supply in soils were made. It was found that in Arkhangelsk, a temperature increase of 0.69 °C causes a natural decrease in soil moisture content, and an increase in precipitation and relative humidity is due to the geographical location of the research point near the White sea and an increase in evaporation from the water surface of the sea under warming conditions. In Vladimir, with an increase in temperature by 1.25 °C, a natural decrease in precipitation, relative humidity and soil moisture content was noted. In Rostov-on-don temperature increase by 2.74 °C causes a natural decrease in relative humidity and moisture content in the soil. At the same time, there is a significant increase in precipitation, which is probably connected with the geographical location of the study: close to the Black sea and some distance from the Caspian sea. Specific climate changes will form the basis for ensuring the economic efficiency of intensification of agricultural production, taking into account territorial differences in labor supply.

Key words: agricultural safety, climate change, water availability, European part of Russia, Eastern longitude 40,3°.

 

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