THE INTERNATIONAL
TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ECONOMIC SCIENCES

 

Buchnev А. O.

Institutional conditions of formation of innovative renewable energy

 
7

Bagirsoylu G. G.

Creating free trade zones in the regions – is a governmental economic policy of the country

 
17

Mamedov G. A. 

The direction of the impact of infrastructures on the steady economic development

 
21

Zdorov A. B., Dzhabrailzade A. R.

The management of the labour market and rest-based system agroturistica holiday cheques

 
26

Garipov R. I., Bobrovа A. V.

Personnel policy at the enterprises of small and average business in the modern socio-economic conditions

 
34

Nilova L. P., Malyutenkova S. M.

Consumer value of foodstuffs as a factor of competitiveness of a retail trading enterprise

 
38

Azarova L. V., Konstantinova T. L., Vinokurovа Z. A.

Actual status of reindeer herding in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

 
42

Seregin A. A., Glechikova N. A., Reva A. F.

Staffing of agro-industrial complex of the Rostov region condition

 
46

Kovalenko N. V., Beznovskaya V. V., Khartikaynen A. I.

Information-communication technologies and economical safety of Russia

 
52

Doguchaeva S. M.

The vector of development of innovative it infrastructure in large companies

 
60

 

 

TECHNICAL SCIENCE

 

Latypov R. A., Saitov V. I., Ageev E. V., Novikov E. P.

The study of technological properties of aluminium powder obtained by electroerosion dispersion in water

 
65

Mayorov M. I., Mayorov A. M.

Pulsed igniting device for lamps used in greenhouses

 
72

Tambovtsev M. A.

Control trigger modes mobile refrigeration

 
77

Pukhov E. V., Timoshinov M. G., Nakvasin N. A.

Formation of requirements to systems monitoring work processes in crop production

 
84

Mustafayev Zh. S., Ivanova N. I., Seysenov S. B.

Normalization of waterprofitability of agrolandscapes when planning water use in water systems

 
90

Mashrabov N., Solonitsyn E. V., Olhovskiy A. K., Baryshnikov A. S.

The sustainable provision of effective aggregate service of the agricultural enterprise

 
94

Mochunova N. A., Karapetyan M. A.

The issues of optimization of production processes in repair agricultural park

 
101

Lapin D. А., Volchenkov D. А., Grishin I. I., Nefedov B. А.

Theoretical study of the trajectories of the components of the potato heap bar the elevator of the harvesting machine when the disk modulators

 
107

Ivanov V. A., Novikov A. M., Semenov A. V., Gavrilov V. N.

To the question of the analysis of the way of the complete set plunger couples

 
113

Startsev A. V., Vagina O. N., Romanova G. M., Romanov S. V.

Improving fuel efficiency and ecological safety of operation of the engine D-240 by applying water injection

 
118

Dubanov A. A.

The calculation of the kinematic scheme of the system of computer mathematics "MathCAD"

 
125

 

 

ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES INDEXED IN AGRIS

 

Abstracts

130

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

 

ECONOMIC SCIENCES

 

УДК 001.895:620.9

O. BUCHNEV, Ph. D. of Economics, economist

Publicly Joint Stock Company "Transneft", The Russian Federation, Moscow

 

INSTITUTIONAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF INNOVATIVE RENEWABLE ENERGY

The article considers the institutional innovation of renewable energy on the historical background of the development and competition of renewable and non-renewable energy amid cycles Schumpeter, as well as their impact on the reduction of Kondratieff cycles. Estimated potential savings of financial resources of renewable energy.

Key words: renewable energy, innovation cycles, institutional support, financial potential of savings.

 

REFERENCES

1. Makarov A. A. Mirovaya energetika i Evraziyskoe energeticheskoe prostranstvo. M. : Energoatomizdat, 1998. 315 p.

2. Schumpeter J. A. Businesscycles. A theoretical, historical and statistical analysis of the capitalist process. Vol. 1. N.-Y.– L., 1939. 220 p.

3. Grundlagen der Energiepolitik / Red. D. Reiche. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2005, р. 21.

4. Constable J. Renewables Won‘t Keep the Lights On. URL: http://www.standpointmag.co.uk/node/3639/full (data obrashcheniya: 21.12. 2014).

5. Sharman H. Renewables Won’t Keep the Lights On. The Oil Drum. http://www.theoildrum.com/pdf/theoildrum_7340.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 03.12.2015).

6. Kondrat'ev N. D. Bol'shie tsikly kon"yunktury i teoriya predvideniya / Sost. Yu. V. Yakovets. M. : Ekonomika, 2002. 768 p.

7. Podolinskiy S. A. Trud cheloveka i ego otnoshenie k raspredeleniyu energii / Predislovie P. G. Kuznetsova. M. : Noosfera, 1991. 160 p.

8. Marks K., Engel's F. Soch. 20 t. 2-e izd. M., 1961. 685 p.

9. Martinez Alier J., Schlupmann K. La ecologia y la economia. Fondo de Cultura Economica S. Tekhtos de economia, Siudad de Mexico (Mexico), 1991. − 367 p.

10. Teruel M. G. Apuntes de Economia Ecologica // BOLETIN ECONOMICO DE ICE № 2767 DEL 28 DE ABRIL AL 4 DE MAYO DE 2003, pр. 70–88.

11. Kara-Murza S. G. Nauchnaya kartina mira, ekonomika i ekologiya. http://www.hrono.ru/libris/lib_k/ecec7.html (data obrashcheniya: 03.02.2015).

12. Rossiyskaya promyshlennaya politika i problemy industrializma / Sost. S. G. Kapa-Mupza; Pod red. I. O. Shurchkova, D. I. Piskunova Sotsial'no-filosofskoe obosnovanie promyshlennoy politiki. M. : AO IKK RIA, 1994. 244 p.

13. Grinspen A. Epokha potryaseniy. Problemy i perspektivy mirovoy finansovoy sistemy. M. : Yunayted Press, 2010. 550 p.

14. Alferov Zh. I. K vykhodu russkogo izdaniya knigi The long road to IRENA. M. : Ekologiya i zhizn', 2010. 154 p.

15. Kapitsa P. L. Energiya i fizika. Doklad na nauchnoy sessii, posvyashchennoy 250-letiyu Akademii nauk SSSR // Vestnik AN SSSR. 1976. № 1. рр. 34−43.

16. Heinberg R. Power Down: Options And Actions For A Post-Carbon World. CLAIRVIEW BOOKS, 2004. 209 p.

17. Semenov N. N., Shilov A. E. Preobrazovanie solnechnoy energii. AN SSSR. Sektsiya khimiko-tekhnologicheskikh i biologicheskikh nauk. Nauchnyy sovet po kompleksnoy probleme «Izyskaniya novykh putey ispol'zovaniya solnechnoy energii». M. : Nauka, 1985. 184 p.

18. Energetika mira: Perevody dokladov X Mirovoy energeticheskoy konferentsii / Pod obshch. red. K. D. Lavrenenko. M. : Energiya, 1979. 232 p.

19. Rezolyutsiya № 33/148 General'noy Assamblei OON ot 20 dekabrya 1978 g. un.org› OON› General'naya assambleya› Rezolyutsii. URL: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/365/80/IMG/NR036580.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 03.03.2015).

20. Report of the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy: (Nairobi, 10 to 21 August 1981). New York: United Nations, 1981. 126 p.

21. Rezolyutsiya A/RES/38/151 General'noy Assamblei OON ot 19 dekabrya 1983 goda. URL: http://www.un.org/ru/ga/38/docs/38res.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 15.01.2015).

22. Programma OON «Mirovaya okruzhayushchaya sreda v 1972–1982 godakh». un.org›Oon›General'naya assambleya›YuNEP (data obrashcheniya: 03.03.2015).

23. International Conference for Renewable Energies Bonn 2004. URL: http://www.ren21.net/REN21Activities/IRECs/Renewables2004.aspx (data obrashcheniya 10.03.2015).

24. IRENA was established on 26 January 2009 in Bonn/Germany. URL: http://www.eurosolar.de (data obrashcheniya: 10.02.2015).

25. IRENA has 140 Members and 32 States have started the formal process of becoming Members. URL: http://www.irena.org/Menu/Index.aspx (data obrashcheniya: 10.02.2015).

26. Buchnev A. O. Obzor strategiy vyvoda na energeticheskie rynki al'ternativnykh istochnikov energii. M. : Neft' i gaz, 2011. 36 p.

27. Nalogovoe stimulirovanie innovatsionnykh protsessov / Otv. red. N. I. Ivanova. M. : IMEMO RAN. 2009. 160 p.

28. Buchnev O. A., Margolin A. M. Pravotvorcheskaya deyatel'nost': otsenka reguliruyushchego vozdeystviya // Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya. 2014. № 1. рр. 14−21.

29. Tugcu C., Ozturk I., Alper A. Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth relationship revisited: Evidence from G7 countries. Energy Economics, Volume 34. Issue 6. November 2012. рр. 1942−1950.

30. IPCC. URL: http://www.ipcc.ch/home_languages_main_russian.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 10.04.2015).

31. OON: vozobnovlyaemye istochniki mogut davat' do 80 % energii k 2050 godu. URL: http://www.dfacto.ru/presscenter/news/novosti_it_tehnologij/oon_vozobnovlyaemye_istochniki_mogut_ davat_do_80_energii/ (data obrashcheniya: 10.11.2015).

32. Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. URL: http://www.srren.org (data obrashcheniya: 17.09.2015).

33. Gipe P. Germany passes more aggressive renewable energy law. URL: http://www.renewablenergyworld.com/rea/news/print/atricle/2011//07/25.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 25.07.2011).

34. Energy-charts. URL: https://www.energy-charts.de (data obrashcheniya: 15.10.2017).

35. Margolina E. V. Monitoring tselevykh investitsionnykh programm – neobkhodimoe uslovie effektivnosti ikh realizatsii // Prirodoobustroystvo. 2012. № 1. рр. 81−85.

36. Buchnev A. O. Innovatsionnoe razvitie vozobnovlyaemoy energetiki kak osnovnogo komponenta ekonomiki budushchego. M. : Antares, 2016. 204 p.

37. Solar to attract more investment than coal, gas and nuclear combined this year, says Frost & Sullivan. URL: https://www.pv-magazine.com/2017/05/16/solar-to-attract-more-investment-than-coal-gas-and-nuclear-combined-this-year-says-frost-sullivan/ (data obrashcheniya: 18.10.2017).

38. Nicholls M. Wind energy to avoid €24bn of fuel costs in 2015, industry says. URL: http://www.environmental-finance.com/news/view/1772 (data obrashcheniya: 25.01.2016).

39. Murray J. UK's Energy Secretary Promises Green Policies Will Boost GDP. URL: http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2011/06/30/uks-energy-secretarypromises-green-policies-will-boost-gdp/ (data obrashcheniya: 18.01.2014).

40. Vedushchie kompanii mira otkazyvayutsya ot rasprostraneniya gryaznoy energii. URL: http://www.press-release.ru/branches/stroit/c9a1923943bd6/ (data obrashcheniya 15.02.2016).

41. Intel yavlyaetsya liderom v pyaterke krupneyshikh potrebiteley zelenoy energii v SShA. URL: http://aenergy.ru/4114/ (data obrashcheniya: 15.02.2016).

42. Bill Geyts zhertvuet $ 2 mlrd. na issledovaniya vozobnovlyaemykh istochnikov energii. URL: http://www.city-n.ru/view/368350.html 11.11.2015 (data obrashcheniya: 18.01.2016).

43. Fond Rokfellerov perestaet investirovat' v uglevodorody. RIA Novosti URL: http://ria.ru/economy/20160324/1395852329.html#ixzz43nVE4GiW (data obrashcheniya: 05.04.2016).

44. OECD/IEA. International Energy Agency: WEO 2011, 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France. 665 r.

45. Jacobson M. Z., Delucchi M. A. How to get all energy from wind, water and solar power by 2030 // Scientific American. November 2009. рр. 58−65.

46. BNEF. URL: http://aenergy.ru/3873/ (data obrashcheniya 18.02.2016).

 

 

 

УДК 339.3 

G. G. BAGIRSOYLU, Doctoral student

Nakhchivan State University, Azerbaidzhan, Nakhchivan

 

CREATING FREE TRADE ZONES IN THE REGIONS – IS A GOVERNMENTAL ECONOMIC POLICY OF THE COUNTRY

The article talks about the purposeful economic policy of the country. It is noted that as a result of the targeted economic policy carried out in the country, it became possible to determine the priority directions of the country's development, improve their organizational, executive and management mechanisms, and use the progressive methods established at the international level. The main purpose of the article is to study the activities carried out to create a free trade zone in the region and to classify its main points.

Key words: free trade zone, purposeful policy, economic policy, economic subjects, classification, evolution, demand.

 

REFERENCES

1. Akhmedov N. G. Regional'nyy prodovol'stvennyy rynok i napravleniya ego formirovaniya. Baku : AGPU, 2005. 160 p.

2. Bagirsoylu G. G. Mezhdunarodnaya praktika sozdaniya v regionakh svobodnoy torgovoy zony: Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii na temu «Geydar Aliev i sovremennaya Nakhchyvanskaya ekonomika». Nakhchyvan : Geyrat, 2016. PP. 176−181.

3. Garibov A. G. Svobodnye ekonomicheskie zony i regulirovanie ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti. Nakhchyvan : Ideya, 2011. 264 p.

4. Aliev A. A. Ekonomicheskaya politika Azerbaydzhana // Vneshnie ekonomicheskie svyazi Azerbaydzhana. Baku : Ganun, 2003. 323 p.

 

 

 

УДК 338.49

G. A. MAMEDOV, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

Nakhchivan state University, Azerbaidzhan, Nakhchivan


THE DIRECTION OF THE IMPACT OF INFRASTRUCTURES ON THE STEADY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The article talks about the role of infrastructure and its influence on long-term socio-economic development. It is noted here that at the present stage of the transport, energy, social infra-structure, road construction etc. of infrastructure have a great impact on providing of steady socio-economic development. Studies show that in industry and in agriculture with the aim of achieving productivity and efficiency, first and foremost, you need a proper and effective placement sites of the production infrastructure serving these areas.

Key words: infrastructure, socio-economic, steady development, wealth, agriculture, industry, trade, scientific-technical progress.

 

REFERENCES

1. Veliev T. S. Infrastruktury: sushchnost', klassifikatsiya i znachenie. Baku : Elm, 2000.

2. Aliev I. G. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problemy obespecheniya stoykogo razvitiya agrarnoy otrasli v usloviyakh globalizatsii. Baku : Elm, 2008.

3. Vlasov V. V. Yaponiya: Proizvodstvennaya infrastruktura. M. : Nauka, 1991.

4. Eyvazova N. K. Neobkhodimost' organizatsii innovatsionnogo proizvodstva v regionakh // Sbornik nauchnykh rabot ANAN. 2017. № 2.

5. Sardarov T. A. Mekhanizm regulirovaniya kompleksnogo razvitiya otrasley sotsial'nykh infrastruktur v regionakh // Sbornik nauchnykh rabot ANAN. 2015. № 5.  

 

 

 

УДК 334.7.012.64

R. I. GARIPOV, Ph. D. of Economics , Professor

A. V. BOBROVА, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "South Ural Institute of Management and Economics»

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "South Ural State University (National Research University)", The Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk


PERSONNEL POLICY AT THE ENTERPRISES OF SMALL AND AVERAGE BUSINESS IN THE MODERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

Features and factors of formation and development of personnel policy at the enterprises of small and medium business acting as a basis of the regional branch markets and concrete branches are considered. Sustainable business development can be achieved through efficient use of resources without compromising future generations. One such resource is qualified personnel. One of the tools of the process of formation of qualified labor resources is personnel policy. At the stage of creation of the organization it is necessary to pay much attention to the basics of personnel policy, career development of employees taking into account the current economic situation for improvement of personnel policy.

Key words: personnel policy, specifics of personnel policy in crisis, proactive position of personnel policy, principles of personnel policy development, career growth.

 

REFRENCES

1. Toysheva O. A., Pantseva E. Yu. Neobkhodimost' formirovaniya kadrovoy politiki na predpriyatiyakh malogo i srednego biznesa v munitsipal'nykh obrazovaniyakh // Naukovedenie. Tom 8. № 2 (mart-aprel' 2016).

2. Vasnev S. A. Kadrovaya statistika. M. : NOU VPO MPSI, 2011. 152 p.

 

 

 

УДК 631.16:658.14

V. L. ERSHOVА, Associate professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

 

PORTRAIT MATRIX METHOD FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS OF RANKING OF THE BORROWERS BASED ON THEIR CREDIT HISTORIES IN THE FINANCING OF AGRICULTURE

A new approach to the ranking of the borrowers based on their credit histories in financing agriculture is proposed. The matrix method to rank the applicants for a loan subject to a comprehensive assessment of their solvency and business reliability, as well as taking into account peculiarities of agricultural production is firstly developed.

Key words: ranking of the borrowers, credit history, financing of agriculture, the matrix method, the assessment of solvency and reliability as a business, agricultural production.

 

REFERENCES

1. Privalov I. I. Analiticheskaya geometriya: Uchebnik dlya vysshikh tekhnicheskikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. – M. : Nauka, 1966.

2. Rublev A. N. Kurs lineynoy algebry i analiticheskoy geometrii. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1972.

3. Nikol'skiy S. N. Elementy lineynoy algebry i analiticheskoy geometrii. – M. : Nauka, 2003.

4. Kurosh A. G. Kurs vysshey matematiki. – M. : Nauka, 1968.

5. Shneyder V. E. Kratkiy kurs vysshiy matematiki. Chast' 1. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1999.

6. Sudakov R. S. Prostye metody prikladnoy teorii matrits. – M. : OOO «Mozhaysk-Terra», 2005.

7. Voevodin V. V. Lineynaya algebra. – M. : Nauka, 1980.

8. Sudakov R. S. Ispytaniya sistem. – M. : Mashinostroenie, 1988.

9. Prasolov V. V. Zadachi i teoremy lineynoy algebry. – M. : Nauka, 1996.

10. Sudakov R. S. Matritsy, vektory i lineynye ekonomicheskie modeli. Chast' 1. – M. : MGAU, 1998.

11. Kostrikin A. I. Vvedenie v algebru. Chast' 2. – M. : Fizmatlit, 2000.

12. Proskuryakov I. V. Sbornik zadach po lineynoy algebre. – M. : Nauka, 2001.

13. Zolotaretskaya D. I. Sbornik zadach po lineynoy algebre. – M. : Editorial, 2004.

14. Voevodin V. V. Entsiklopediya lineynoy algebry. – SPb. : BKhV, 2006.

15. Demidovich B. P. Lineynaya algebra i osnovy matematicheskogo analiza. – M. : Al'yans, 2011.

16. Bortakovskiy A. S. Tipovye zadachi po lineynoy algebre. Chast' 1. – M. : Dobroe slovo, 2013.

 

 

 

УДК 005.4:004

S. M. DOGUCHAEVA, Ph. D. of Physics and Mathematics, Associate professor

Federal State Educational Budget Institution of Higher Education "Financial University Under the Government of the Russian Federation"


SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEADING COMPANIES USING NEW SOFTWARE PRODUCTS AND CLOUD SERVICES 

One of the main socio-economic challenges of our time is to prepare specialists in the field of information technology and the results of data processing with the help of new hardware and software. Theoretical and methodological foundations of the research are scientific works of Russian and foreign experts in the socio-economic sphere, applied studies of the process of development of it services.

Key words: cloud infrastructure, information technology, it systems, data centers, cloud computing. 

 

REFERENCES

1. Doguchaeva S. M. Modernizirovannyy vektor razvitiya informatsionnykh i oblachnykh sostavlyayushchikh na sovremennom etape formirovaniya malogo i srednego biznesa // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. – 2017. – №1. – рр. 69–73.

2. Analiticheskaya kompaniya po IT-novostyam [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://idcrussia.com//ru/

3. Kompaniya, zanimayushchayasya konsul'tatsiey v sfere IT, telekommunikatsiy i media v Rossii, stranakh SNG i Tsentral'noy Azii [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://ict-online.ru

4. Izdanie o vysokikh tekhnologiyakh [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.cnews.ru/special_project/2017/database/index.shtml

5. MIR TsOD: Rossiyskiy rynok oblachnykh uslug [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.osp.ru

6. Oblachnye servisy. CNewCloud [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://cloud.cnews.ru

7. Ploshchadka v podbore inostrannykh investitsiy v rossiyskiy biznes [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.investor.rest

8. Proekt – Portal vybora tekhnologiy i postavshchikov [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.tadviser.ru/index.php

9. Vestnik tsifrovoy informatsii [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.cio.ru/news/

 

 

 

УДК 005.4:004

S. M. DOGUCHAEVA, Ph. D. of Physics and Mathematics, Associate professor

Federal State Educational Budget Institution of Higher Education "Financial University Under the Government of the Russian Federation"

 

PERSPECTIVES OF WORK OF THEMODERN INFORMATIONAL SYSTEMS ACCORDING TO THE ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AT THE ENTERPRISE

Providers of telecommunications services in ecological and economic research give the management information system of the highest quality. With the support of such systems productiveness of the IT component is monitored and analyzed and as a result, quickly resolved the issues related to the study's data. Having the ability to see the location of the equipment, how it works, and how you use this infrastructure, leading IT team of the company in a timely manner can optimize the stability and performance of systems of new generation.

Key words: GIS, cloud computing, information systems, process automation, Telecom companies.  


REFERENCES

1. Doguchaeva S. M. Informatsionnye tekhnologii i oblachnye servisy v ekologo–ekonomicheskikh issledovaniyakh // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal. - 2017. - № 1. – PP. 70-74.

2. Issledovanie po «zelenoy» ekonomike [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://tass.ru/obschestvo/3977766

3. Zelenyy portal [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.greenbelarus.ru

4. Elektronnyy zhurnal po ekologii [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://velomesto.ru/ekologiya/

5. Proekt - Portal vybora tekhnologiy i postavshchikov [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.tadviser.ru/index.php

6. Issledovanie po ekologii v ekonomike [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://tass.ru/obschestvo/3977766

7. Oblachnye servisy. CNewCloud [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://cloud.cnews.ru

8. Mezhdunarodnaya konsaltingovaya kompaniya [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.pwc.ru 

 

 

 

УДК 339.13:004.738.5-052

Y. I. STARODUBTSEV, Doctor of military, Professor, Honored scientist of Russia

G. Y. STARODUBTSEV, Ph. D of Engineering, Associate Professor

M. A. DAVLYATOVA, Undergraduate

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution "Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University Peter the Great"

Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Commerce Higher School of Merchandising and Service


INCREASING THE INFORMATION AWARENESS LEVEL OF CONSUMERS AS FACTOR IN ENSURING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS

The modern operating conditions of electronic business are described. Forms of business organization are considered. The method of increasing the information awareness level of consumers by means of creation of system of the centers of remote collective certification.

Key words: electronic business, information, information awareness, center of remote collective certification.

 

REFRENCES

1. Davlyatova M. A., Il'ina O. V., Starodubtsev G. Yu. Sertifikatsiya elektronnykh biznes-sistem // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. – 2017. – № 2. – рр. 72–76.

2. Starodubtsev Yu. I., Begaev A. N., Davlyatova M. A. Upravlenie kachestvom informatsionnykh uslug. – SPb. : Izd-vo Politekhn. un-ta, 2017. – 454 p.

3. Starodubtsev Yu. I., Alisevich E. A., Terent'ev G. A. Informatsionnaya model' rynka // Problemy ekonomiki i upravleniya v torgovle i promyshlennosti. – 2015. – № 9. 

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

 

TECHNICAL SCIENCE

 

 

УДК 621.365:631.145

T. M. KHALINA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

M. I. STAL’NAYA, Ph. D. of Engineering, Professor

A. V. VEDMANKIN, Senior lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Altay State Technical University named after I. I. Polzunov"


COEFFICIENT OF DEGREE OF HOMOGENEITY OF THE COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE ELECTRIC HEATERS USED IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 

The use of highly effective means and technologies of electric heating in the thermal processes of the agro-industrial complex in comparison with fuel means and systems corresponds to the intensification of technological processes, accompanied by positive economic and social effects, and improves ecological situation. The role of local low-temperature surface-distributed heating carried out with the help of composite electric heaters in the form of rugs increases in the conditions of the current state of the economy. The use of low-temperature electric heating rugs is acceptable for various branches of agriculture: heating of young cattle, drying of grain crops in storehouses, heating of the soil cover, disinfecting of fodder mixtures, etc. As a rule, a composite material based on butyl rubber with different electroconductive layer is used for low-temperature heaters. In the article technical carbon is considered as an electrically conductive layer. The determination of the homogeneity of technical carbon in the distribution of butyl rubber is an actual task today. The temperature uniformity on the surface of the composite heater depends directly on the homogeneity of the technical carbon, higher the homogeneity of the carbon, the lower the resistivity of the material. The homogeneity of the composite material was determined using probability theory and the concept of entropy. Criteria of electrical conductivity of composite were determined and analytically explained, the formula for the coefficient of homogeneity degree of the composite material was developed. On the basis of this formula the universal graph for the determination of homogeneity was built. The conclusions on the use of various composite materials based on butyl rubber with different contents of technical carbon in low-temperature electric heaters used in the agro-industrial sector are given according to the calculated values of the developed coefficient.

Key words: livestock enterprise, local nicotinee-tural surface-distributed heat, specific conductivity, uniform distribution, information and entropy the interval.

 

REFERENCES

1. Rasstrigin V. N. Osnovy elektrifikatsii teplovykh protsessov v sel'skokhozyaystvennom proizvodstve. – M. : Agropromizdat, 1988. – 255 p.

2. Litvak V. V. Osnovy regional'nogo energosberezheniya (nauchno-tekhnicheskie i proizvodstvennye aspekty). – Tomsk : Izd-vo NTL, 2002. – 300 p.

3. Kisel' A. K. Razrabotka teplovoy modeli kombinirovannogo elektroobogrevatelya porosyat-sosunov // Nizkotemperaturnye poverkhnostno-raspredelitel'nye elektronagrevateli v sel'skom khozyaystve: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov. – Gorki, 1985. – Vyp. 124. − рр. 19-29.

4. Kudryavtsev I. F., Gerasimovich L. S. Poluprovodnikovye plenochnye elektronagrevateli v sel'skom khozyaystve. – Minsk : Uradzhay, 1984. – 112 p.

5. Kornev A. E., Ovsyannikov N. Ya. Elektroprovodyashchie reziny so stabil'nymi elektricheskimi kharakteristikami. – SPb. : Khimizdat. 2001. – 211 p.

6. Teoreticheskie osnovy elektrotekhniki / K. S. Demirchyan, L. R. Neyman, N. V. Korovkin, V. L. Chechurin. – 4-e izd. – SPb. : Piter, 2004. – 377 p.

7. Nizkotemperaturnye elektroobogrevateli v sel'skom khozyaystve / [L. S. Gerasimovich [i dr.] ; pod red. L. S. Gerasimovicha. – Minsk : Uradzhay, 1984. – 118 p.

8. Khalina T. M. Mnogoelektrodnye sistemy nizkotemperaturnykh kompozitsionnykh elektroobogrevateley dlya agropromyshlennogo kompleksa : dis. doktora tekhn. nauk : 05.20.02 / T. M. Khalina. – Barnaul, 2005. − 445 p.

9. Novitskiy P. S. Osnovy informatsionnoy teorii izmeritel'nykh ustroystv. – M : Nauka, 1975. − 289 p.

10. Shennon K. Raboty po teorii informatsii i kibernetike. – M. : Izd-vo inostrannoy literatury, 1963. – 830 p.

  

 

 

 

УДК 528.7:631.155.3

E. F. SHUL’GA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"


LIMITATION OF AGRICULTURAL LOSS WITH USING SPACE NAVIGATION

The current system of management of agricultural enterprise in real time is reviewed. The quality movement of agricultural equipment in space and in time in real time is not estimated. The proposed process model and its characteristics is offered. Adequacy of the properties of agricultural processes and process models of the agricultural enterprise is reviewed. Implemented forecast locations of the system "Driver-car" taking into account the forecast data of their technical condition by predictive diagnostics is implemented.

Key words: adequacy and accuracy of the process model, the anticipation of losses, forecasted data, the digitized map.  

 

REFERENCES

1. Ssylka na programmu ANT Upravlenie sel'khozpredpriyatiem [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: https://www.professional.ant.services/agronet–app/agronet.companies/1276:dashboard

2. Shul'ga E. F. Adekvatnaya i tochnaya model' sel'khozpredpriyatiya instrument optimizatsii protsessov i resheniy : Tezisy doklada / Mezhdunarodnyy navigatsionnyy forum, 2017. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.glonass-forum.ru/company-46.html

3. Shul'ga E. F. Navigatsionnye dannye kak obratnaya svyaz' v optimizatsii protsessov i resheniy: sbornik statey Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Fundamental'nye problemy nauki», 1 sentyabrya 2016 g, Ufa. Ch. 2. – Ufa : AETERNA, 2016. – рр. 55–58.

4. Shul'ga E. F. Upravlenie sel'khozpredpriyatiem s ispol'zovaniem kosmicheskikh sredstv navigatsii (GLONASS) i distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli : Tezisy doklada 2016 / Mezhdunarodnyy navigatsionnyy forum [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://2016.glonass-forum.ru/speak-item-21.html

5. Shul'ga E. F. Upravlenie sel'khozpredpriyatiem s ispol'zovaniem kosmicheskikh sredstv navigatsii (GLONASS) i distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli: monografiya / E. F. Shul'ga, A. O. Kupriyanov, V. K. Khlyustov, V. I. Balabanov, A. M. Zeyliger. – M. : RGAU–MSKhA, 2016. – 282 p.

6. Shul'ga E. F. Upravlenie APK s primeneniem global'nykh navigatsionnykh sputnikovykh sistem // Doklady TSKhA. – 2015 – tom 1.

7. Shul'ga E. F. Upravlenie sel'khozpredpriyatiem s ispol'zovaniem kosmicheskikh sredstv navigatsii i distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli // Problemy vnedreniya rezul'tatov innovatsionnykh razrabotok: sbornik statey Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (18 iyunya 2016 goda, g. Penza). V 2-kh ch. Ch. 2. – Ufa : MTsII OMENA SAYNS, 2016. – рр. 45–48.

 

 

 

УДК 631.559:911.52

Zh. S. MUSTAFAEV, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

A. T. KOZYKEEVA, Doctor of Engineering, Associate professor

Kazakh National Agrarian University

G. E. ZHIDEKULOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering

Taraz State University M. H. Dulati


MODEL FOR FORMING PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL CROPS IN HYDROAGROLANDSHAFT SYSTEMS

A model for estimating the agroclimatic resources of agricultural crops for managing and regulating the main factors of their habitat in hydroagro-landscape systems has been developed. The model has a block structure containing six blocks, agroclimatic resources, regulation and management of water, salt, nutrient regimes and soil-forming processes Soil and the formation of productivity. At the same time, the developed structural and logical model based on the landscape-ecological approach for the design of highly productive hydroagricultures, to optimize the resource potential of the natural system in the field of nature management and environmental management, allow rational use of the resource potential of the natural system and ensure their environmental sustainability in human anthropogenic activities.

Key words: model, estimation, resources, nature, culture, soil, environment, hydro-agro-landscape, regulation, management, factor, block, regime, productivity, fertility.

 

REFERENCES

1. Mustafaev Zh. S., Darimbetov U. D. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie programmnykh urozhaev sel'skokhozyaystvennykh kul'tur na oroshaemykh zemlyakh // Vestnik sel'skokhozyaystvennoy nauki Kazakhstana. – 1983. – № 6. – рр. 64–69.

2. Mustafaev Zh. S., Darimbetov U. D. Matematicheskaya model' orositel'nykh sistem // Vestnik sel'skokhozyaystvennoy nauki Kazakhstana. – 1985. – № 1. – рр. 67–75.

3. Anafin M. Sh., Kulduysenov A., Mustafaev Zh. S. Programmirovannoe vyrashchivanie sel'skokhozyaystvennykh kul'tur na meliorativno-neblagopoluchnykh zemlyakh // Vestnik sel'skokhozyaystvennoy nauki Kazakhstana. – 1985. – № 1. – рр. 91–97.

4. Bikhele 3. N., Moldau X. A., Ross Yu. K. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie transpiratsii i fotosinteza rasteniy pri nedostatke pochvennoy vlagi. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1974. – 172 p.

5. Galyamin E. P. Optimizatsiya operativnogo raspredeleniya vodnykh resursov v oroshenii. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1981. – 271 p.

6. Nerpin S. V., Chudnovskiy A. F. Energo i massoobmen v sisteme rastenie-pochva-vozdukh. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1975. – 358 p.

7. Sakun V. A. O ratsional'nom uravnenii protsessa rosta rasteniy // Vestnik sel'skokhozyaystvennoy nauki. – 1973. – № 7. – рр. 81–86.

8. Sirotenko O. D. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie vodno-teplovogo rezhima i produktivnosti agroekosistem. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1981. – рр. 8–12.

9. Polevoy A. N. Teoriya i raschet produktivnosti sel'skokhozyaystvennykh kul'tur. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1983. – 176 p.

10. Shatilov I. S., Chudnovskiy A. F. Agrofizicheskie, agrometeorologicheskie i agrotekhnicheskie osnovy programmirovaniya urozhaya. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1980. – 318 p.

11. Atstsi Dzh. Sel'skokhozyaystvennaya ekologiya. – M. : Sel'khozgiz, 1959. – 479 p.

12. Mustafaev Zh. S. Meliorativnaya sistema – ob"ekt upravleniya osnovnymi faktorami rasteniy // Vestnik sel'skokhozyaystvennoy nauki Kazakhstana. – 1986. – № 11. – рр. 10–15.

13. Shabanov V. V. Vlagoobespechennost' yarovoy pshenitsy i ee raschet. – L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1981. – 142 p.

14. Mustafaev Zh. S., Ryabtsev A. D., Adil'bektegi G. A. Metodologicheskie osnovy otsenki ustoychivosti i stabil'nosti landshaftov. – Taraz , 2007. – 218 p.

15. Danil'chenko N. V. Oazisnoe oroshenie podzemnymi vodami. – M. : Kolos, 1983. – 95 p.

16. Mustafaev Zh. S., Ryabtsev A. D. Adaptivno-landshaftnye melioratsii zemel' v Kazakhstane. – Taraz , 2012. – 528 p.

17. Mustafaev Zh. S. Pochvenno-ekologicheskoe obosnovanie melioratsii sel'skokhozyaystvennykh zemel' v Kazakhstane. – Almaty : Gylym, 1997. – 358 p.

18. Aver'yanov S. F. Bor'ba s zasoleniem oroshaemykh zemel'. – M. : Kolos, 1978. – 288 p.

19. Obraztsova A. S. Sistemnyy metod: Primenenie v zemledelii. – M. : VO «Agropromizdat», 1990. – 303 p.

20. Polevoy A. N., Florya L. V. Modelirovanie agroklimaticheskikh resursov proizvoditel'nosti urozhaya i formirovaniya produktivnosti sel'skokhozyaystvennykh kul'tur // Gidrometeorologiya i ekologiya. – 2015. – № 1. – рр. 36–49.

21. Volobuev V. R. Vvedenie v energetiku pochvoobrazovaniya. – M. : Nauka, 1974. –120 p.

22. Kovda V. A. Osnovy ucheniya o pochvakh. – M. : Nauka, 1973. – Tom 1. – 447 p. ; tom 2. – 448 p.

23. Aydarov I. P., Golovanov A. I., Nikol'skiy Yu. N. Optimizatsiya meliorativnykh rezhimov oroshaemykh i osushaemykh sel'skokhozyaystvennykh zemel'. – M. : VO «Agropromizdat», 1990. – 60 p.

24. Tooming Kh. G. Ekologicheskie printsipy maksimal'noy produktivnosti posevov. – L. : Gidrometizdat, 1984. – 264 p.

25. Nichiporovich A. A., Stroganova L. E., Chmora S. N., Vlasova N. P. Fotosinteticheskaya deyatel'nost' rasteniya v posevakh. – M. : I-vo AN SSSR, 1961. – 160 p. 

 

 

 

 

УДК 629.08

E. V. PUKHOV, Doctor of Engineering

D. A. GORBATENKO, Graduate student

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Voronezh State Agrarian University"


THE THEORETICAL BASIS FOR THE MODELING OF THE MOVEMENT OF THE TRANSPORT TROLLEY OF THE OVERHEAD CONVEYOR AT THE ENTERPRISES OF TECHNICAL SERVICE 

Reducing production costs and improving the performance of the work particularly at the stage of delivery of spare parts and materials from the warehouse to areas or points of technical service and repair are possible by the installation of conveyors. Placement of overhead conveyors from the ceiling of production facilities of service companies is being possibly presented. In this case the question arises to study the optimal shape and motion parameters (speed) of the transport trolley and the conveyor guide, reducing time lost in moving parts and materials.

The article presents a method of determining optimal form for movement of the transport trolley according to the configuration and location of the posts on the real enterprise technical service. The implementation of the presented methodology in the form of software may allows to solve the problem of reducing time lost in moving parts and materials in existing facilities, and at the stage of making design decisions.

Key words: loss of time, suspended pipeline, transport truck, rail, technical service.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sovetov B. Ya., Yakovlev S. A. Modelirovanie sistem : uchebnoe posobie. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1998. – 319 p.

2. Myshkis A. D. Elementy teorii matematicheskikh modeley. – 3-e izd., ispr. – M. : KomKniga, 2007. – 192 p.

3. Degtyarev Yu. I. Metody optimizatsii : uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. – M. : Sov. radio, 1980. – 272 p.

4. Gmurman V. E. Teoriya veroyatnostey i matematicheskaya statistika : uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 2003. – 479 p.

5. Mel'nikov S. V., Aleshkin V. R., Roshchin P. M. Planirovanie eksperimenta v issledovaniyakh sel'skokhozyaystvennykh protsessov : uchebnoe posobie. – L. : Kolos, 1980. – 168 p.

6. Aldoshin N. V., Kravchenko I. N., Lylin N. A. Metodika optimizatsii zony obsluzhivaniya predpriyatiy po utilizatsii tekhniki // Stroitel'nye i dorozhnye mashiny. – 2016. – № 5. – рр. 44–50.

7. Krivtsov A. M. Deformirovanie i razrushenie tel s mikrostrukturoy. – M. : FIZMATLIT, 2007. – 304 р.

8. Monaghan J. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics // Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. – 1992. – Vol. 30. – рр. 543–574.

9. Guld Kh., Tobochnik Ya. Komp'yuternoe modelirovanie v fizike. – Ch. 2. – M. : Mir, 1990. – 400 p.

10. Kheerman D. V. Metody komp'yuternogo eksperimenta v teoreticheskoy fizike. – M. : Nauka, 1990. – 176 p.

11. Lagar'kov A. N., Sergeev V. M. Metod molekulyarnoy dinamiki v statisticheskoy fizike // UFN. – 1978. – T. 125. – № 7. – рр. 409–448.

 

 

 

УДК 629.08

E. V. PUKHOV, Doctor of Engineering

D. A. GORBATENKO, Graduate student

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Voronezh State Agrarian University"


THE THEORETICAL BASIS FOR THE MODELING OF THE MOVEMENT OF THE TRANSPORT TROLLEY OF THE OVERHEAD CONVEYOR AT THE ENTERPRISES OF TECHNICAL SERVICE 

Reducing production costs and improving the performance of the work particularly at the stage of delivery of spare parts and materials from the warehouse to areas or points of technical service and repair are possible by the installation of conveyors. Placement of overhead conveyors from the ceiling of production facilities of service companies is being possibly presented. In this case the question arises to study the optimal shape and motion parameters (speed) of the transport trolley and the conveyor guide, reducing time lost in moving parts and materials.

The article presents a method of determining optimal form for movement of the transport trolley according to the configuration and location of the posts on the real enterprise technical service. The implementation of the presented methodology in the form of software may allows to solve the problem of reducing time lost in moving parts and materials in existing facilities, and at the stage of making design decisions.

Key words: loss of time, suspended pipeline, transport truck, rail, technical service.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sovetov B. Ya., Yakovlev S. A. Modelirovanie sistem : uchebnoe posobie. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1998. – 319 p.

2. Myshkis A. D. Elementy teorii matematicheskikh modeley. – 3-e izd., ispr. – M. : KomKniga, 2007. – 192 p.

3. Degtyarev Yu. I. Metody optimizatsii : uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. – M. : Sov. radio, 1980. – 272 p.

4. Gmurman V. E. Teoriya veroyatnostey i matematicheskaya statistika : uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. – M. : Vysshaya shkola, 2003. – 479 p.

5. Mel'nikov S. V., Aleshkin V. R., Roshchin P. M. Planirovanie eksperimenta v issledovaniyakh sel'skokhozyaystvennykh protsessov : uchebnoe posobie. – L. : Kolos, 1980. – 168 p.

6. Aldoshin N. V., Kravchenko I. N., Lylin N. A. Metodika optimizatsii zony obsluzhivaniya predpriyatiy po utilizatsii tekhniki // Stroitel'nye i dorozhnye mashiny. – 2016. – № 5. – рр. 44–50.

7. Krivtsov A. M. Deformirovanie i razrushenie tel s mikrostrukturoy. – M. : FIZMATLIT, 2007. – 304 р.

8. Monaghan J. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics // Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. – 1992. – Vol. 30. – рр. 543–574.

9. Guld Kh., Tobochnik Ya. Komp'yuternoe modelirovanie v fizike. – Ch. 2. – M. : Mir, 1990. – 400 p.

10. Kheerman D. V. Metody komp'yuternogo eksperimenta v teoreticheskoy fizike. – M. : Nauka, 1990. – 176 p.

11. Lagar'kov A. N., Sergeev V. M. Metod molekulyarnoy dinamiki v statisticheskoy fizike // UFN. – 1978. – T. 125. – № 7. – рр. 409–448.

 

 

 

УДК 502.17:665:621.382.049.77 

I. V. ANTSIFEROVA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

V. S. PATRUSHEV, Master

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Perm National Research Polytechnic University"


USAGE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TO ELIMINATE THE CONSEQUENCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION FROM THE OIL INDUSTRY 

Production, exploitation and use of oil fields are of great importance for the environment. Substances which are secreted in the event of an oil spill are highly toxic. So now it becomes increasingly clear the development of substances and technologies that may have minimal negative impact on the environment while providing high efficiency removal of contaminants from petroleum products. Any nanoscale substances take on a new chemical, biological and physical properties, which differ significantly from macroscopic sizes. Nanomaterials used to prevent the oil spill, are cheap and non-toxic, making them cost-effective for the solution of problems of control accidents. In addition nanotechnology in the oil sector open promising horizons to increase oil production through better understanding of the processes at the interface liquid-solid.

Key words: oil fields, oil spills, nanoparticles, nanomaterials, dispersion, fine structure, ecology, interaction with the environment, toxicity, health.

 

REFERENCES

1. Antsiferova I. V. Istochniki postupleniya nanochastits i ikh vliyanie na okruzhayushchuyu sredu i cheloveka // Zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy v neftegazovom komplekse. − 2012. − № 7. − рр. 5−10.

2. Ratkin L. S. Nanotekhnologii i nanomaterialy, razrabotannye uchrezhdeniyami Rossiyskoy Akademii Nauk, dlya obespecheniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti v neftegazovoy otrasli // Mir nefteproduktov. Vestnik neftyanykh kompaniy. − 2015. − № 10. − рр. 7−12.

3. Rudakova L. V., Vaysman Ya. I., Belik E. S. Tekhnologicheskie osnovy polucheniya biosorbenta na osnove modifitsirovannykh uglesodeozhashchikh otkhodov dlya ochistki neftezagrenennykh pochv // Neftyanoe khozyaystvo. − 2013. − № 9. − рр. 114−117.

4. Privalova N. M. Issledovanie metodov ochistki vod ot zagryazneniy neft'yu i nefteproduktami // KubGAU. − 2015. − № 113(09). − рр. 307−316.

5. Antsiferov V. N. Problemy nauki o materialakh i razvitie vysokikh tekhnologiy v Rossii : Uchebnoe posobie. – Perm' : Izd-vo Perm. gos. tekhn. un-ta, 2010. – 174 p.

6. Tohru Hosoyama, Mohammed Imran Aslam, Jinu Abraham, et al. IL-4R Drives Dedifferentiation, Mitogenesis and Metastasis in Rhabdomyosarcoma.

7. Khavkin A. Ya. perspektivy primeneniya nanotekhnologiy v neftegazovoy otrasli // Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii. – 2013. − № 18(175). − рр. 61−63.

8. Rasha Refaat Fouad, Hind Abdullah Aljohani, Kamel Rizq Shoueir Biocompatible poly (vinyl alcohol) nanoparticle-based binary blends for oil spill control / Marine Pollution Bulletin // Volume 112. − Issues 1–2. − 15 November. – 2016. − рр. 46−52.

9. Sun X. F., Sun J. X. Acetylation of rice straw with or without catalysts and its characterizationas a natural sorbent in oil spill cleanup // J. Agric. Food. – 2002. − Chem. 50. − рр. 6428–6433.

10. Guimaraes R.S., Delorme-Axford E. Assays for the biochemical and ultrastructural measurement of selective and nonselective types of autophagy in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae / Stanfor university // Methods 75:141-50.

11. Hao Yin, Chun-Qing Song, Joseph R Dorkin Therapeutic genome editing by combined viral and non-viral delivery of CRISPR system components in vivo/nature biotechnology // Received 18 June 2015.

12. Chin M., Diehl T., Tan Q. National Aeronautics and Space Administration / Goddard Institute for Space Studies / 2014.

 

 

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ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES INDEXED IN AGRIS

 

 

N. F. ZARUK, Doctor of Economics, Professor

M. A. SHEREUZHEVA, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

 

VALUATION OF BUDGET FINANCING OF AGRICULTURE

Question of the methodological grounds for the calculation of the cost of budget financing of agriculture, necessary for the expanded reproduction on the basis of innovation is stated. The methodology of evaluation is based on three methods. The method of valuation of seized financial resources from agriculture through the price system and presents the results of the evaluation is described. The conducted calculations allowed us to determine the amount of funds the shortfall in agricultural organizations due to relatively worse conditions of reproduction. The basis of calculation was chosen as the indicators of 2005 and 2006. The volume of confiscated financial resources is: 4246,4 million rubles, the rate of withdrawal of 4.4% , the full value of gross output 108 of 507 million rubles. The calculations allow to determine the rate of seizures. In agricultural organizations it was 6.7%, in the peasant (farmer) farms and 3.9%, in private farms of the population – 1.2%, and only agriculture – 4%. The methodology for assessing the extra needs of rural households investment resources for the conditions of simple reproduction is presented. The following results are obtained. All state support needed to meet the normal needs of simple reproduction in agriculture in 2017, is equal: part of fixed capital – 29319,2 R. million, working capital of 50 million 358,5 R., human capital (wages) – 114 R. 598,6 million, just – 194 276,3 million rubles. The method of estimation of budgetary resources for the financing of agriculture in the conditions of expanded reproduction (growth rates of 5–7% per year) is given. Conducted predictive calculations of the volume of budget financing of the agrarian sector of the Russian economy that will ensure its modernization should be in 2020 563,8 billion R. The results of the calculations can be used in the development of proposals for state support of agricultural production and the increase of investment attractiveness of agrarian sector of economy.

 

 

 

Y. N. KATKOV, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

N. Y. TRYASTSINA, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

 

THE PECULIARITIES OF BUDGETING IN ORGANIZATIONS OF THE AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

The mechanism of budgeting in organizations of the agroindustrial complex on the example of JSC "Sokol", specializing in the sale of agricultural products as part of a large industrial holding company Rusagro is considered. The analysis of budgeting in the company "Sokol" is conducted. The object of budgeting JSC "Sokol" is structural units and projects of the organization. At the organization level these budgets are united forming three major budgets: the budget of incomes and expenses the budget of movement of funds; the budget balance. In accordance with the objects of budgeting in JSC "Sokol" drawn up the following budgets: operational; financial. An example of budgeting at the enterprise in 2017is considered. With the aim of improving the system of planning and budgeting has developed a unique model of organization of the responsibility centers in agricultural enterprises for the formation of the budget assignments is elaborated.

The model assumes interaction through two-way communication production budgets of JSC Agroholding "Rusagro" and sales budgets of JSC "Sokol", included in the agricultural holding. In the presented model identifies three sectors: crops, livestock and processing of products are revealed. On the basis of each sector are the centers of responsibility which contain generic measures of their activities. These units share analytical information to achieve the overall strategy of the organization between each other. Products within organizations are realized at transfer prices. Analytical reports of the centers of responsibility are transferred to the consolidated responsibility center, where the processing of information and adjustment of the strategy of development of the organization. Thus, using the proposed model of the organization of the responsibility centers in the associations of the Agrosphere to the formation of the budget assignments is achieved by a single information space in the budgeting system of the entire agricultural holding in the context of each direction of its activities.

 

 

 

V. N. NECHAEV, Candidate of Engineering, Associate professor

M. L. NECHAEVA, Candidate of Economics, Associate professor

Nizhny Novgorod State Engineering and Economic University, Knyaginino (Russia)

E. V. GANEBNYKH, Candidate of Economics, Associate professor

Vyatka State University, Kirov (Russia)

 

ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MARKET OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AS DIRECTION OF ENSURING FOOD SECURITY

The results of a study on the construction of cards of perception of manufacturers of agricultural machinery in Nizhny Novgorod region on the basis of the analysis of non-price parameters of competition and proposals for the development of this market in the implementation of the terms of the doctrine of food security are presented. Two main factors providing a competitive position in the market of manufacturers of agricultural machinery: "the quality and safety of products" and "social responsibility" are identified. To assess the acceptance of non-price competition manufacturers of agricultural machines and units available on the market in Nizhny Novgorod region there was given the method of construction of cards of perception for 19 of the most competitive organizations. Leaders in relation to product quality and social responsibility of business are foreign manufacturers. Among domestic enterprises there is the highest levels of quality and safety of products showed, "Agroproekt", JSC "Doza-agro". For the development of the domestic market of agricultural machines and implementation factors providing a competitive market position feed mill equipment – hammer crusher to improve the quality and organoleptic characteristics of the feed is elaborated. The device and the working process of hammer mill: hammer crusher of a closed type with forced feed of the material, the mill of shock-reflective action, hammer crusher with rotor-fan were designed for scientific research in NSIEU. The structure and working process of these machines is presented. Their advantages relative to factor 1 are "Quality and safety": lower costs, time, compliance with all quality indicators of grain processing, increasing the service life of the machine. To factor 2 Social responsibility: improving investment attractiveness, increase of productivity, ease of use and ease of training. Proposed is aimed at ensuring food security of the country.

 

 

 

T. M. KHALINA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

M. I. STAL’NAYA, Ph. D. of Engineering, Professor

A. V. VEDMANKIN, Senior lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Altay State Technical University named after I. I. Polzunov"

 

COEFFICIENT OF DEGREE OF HOMOGENEITY OF THE COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE ELECTRIC HEATERS USED IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

The use of highly efficient tools and technologies of electric heating in thermal processes in the agricultural sector is justified. The growing role of local low-temperature surface-distributed heat carried by the composite electric heaters in the form of mats which use is acceptable for different branches of agriculture is noted. Typically, heaters use composite material based on butyl rubber with different conductive layer. Technical carbon is considered as the conductive. The definition of homogeneity of carbon black distribution in the butyl rubber is an urgent task today. Temperature uniformity on the surface of the composite heater depends on the homogeneity of carbon: the higher the homogeneity of the carbon, the lower the specific resistance of the material. The homogeneity of the composite material was determined using probability and the concept of entropy. The criteria for determining the electrical conductivity of the composite material: the change in the concentration of carbon at each site should be no more than 15% of the mathematical expectation; the number of sites with concentration of carbon black, the concentration of which does not differ from each other not more than 15 %, shall be not less than 90 % of the total number of plots was identified and described. The formula for determining the ratio of the degree of homogeneity of the composite material on the basis of which built a universal timetable for the determination of the homogeneity of the material is revealed. Presented video monotonically is increasing with limit value in the abscissa of 0.15. In this case if the power values of electrical conductivity for different composite materials will be higher than the generic direct of homogeneity, they will be suitable for use in agriculture as low-temperature heaters as these composite materials can be considered homogeneous.

 

 

 

V. N. PRYAKHIN, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

A. O. KALININ,

G. S., CHIBUKHCHYAN, Master

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

 

THE RELIABILITY AND SAFETY OF AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEMS OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION 

Two variants of the automated control systems (management information system) filing of the working environment: a system based on electro-hydraulic distribution device and system based on solenoid valves are considered. The scope of their application in agriculture is defined, advantages of each option systems defined by their structural features are revealed. The main properties characterizing the quality of ASU are mentioned. The need to consider all modern human-machine system as a complex automated system which, along with the contours of the purely automatic control, consisting only of technical links that are included and operate the circuits closed through a human intermediary is indicated. In the creation and operation of such systems significantly increases the role of the human factor that must be taken into account by the security principles. The optimization process of the system: the principle of making the objective function and determine the parameters that provide minimum or maximum of the objective function is described. An urgent need for certain rules and modeling techniques that facilitate the study of technosphere processes that are diverse and complex is marked. A synthesis structure that will reduce the cost of modeling and to reduce the likelihood of subsequently difficult to remove errors is presented. The basic benefits derived from automation of agricultural production are conducted: increase of reliability and prolongation of service life of the equipment (system); save labor costs; acceleration of the process of erasing differences between routine types of work; increase of prestige; reducing labor turnover; increasing safety; reducing differences between industrial and agricultural labor. Thus, the correct choice of modeling methods and the implementation of its stages and the algorithm combined with the maximum use of the advantages of automation and mechanization of industry and agriculture contributes to improving the scientific and technological progress in all sectors of the Russian Federation. 

 

 

 

Zh. S. MUSTAFAEV, Doctor of Technical Sciences

A. T. KOZYKEEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

Kazakh National Agrarian University

L. V. KIREYCHEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov

N. A. TURSYNBAYEV, doctoral student PhD

Taraz State University M. H. Dulati

 

ESTIMATIONS OF THE BIOCLIMATE POTENTIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL  SERVICES OF THE LANDSCAPE SYSTEM OF THE WATER CHAMBER OF THE TALAS TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER BASIN

The urgency of evaluation of bioclimatic potential of the catchment basin of the transboundary elements of their "natural capital", as one of the important integrated indicators in assessing the level of environmental services in environmental management system is justified. The object of the study was the transboundary Talas river. The study used years of information-analytical materials "Kazgidromet" of the Republic of Kazakhstan and "Kyrgyzhydromet" of the Kyrgyz Republic, materials of statistical reports about crop of the region. A methodology for the comprehensive development of watershed river basin there were chosen geosystem and the catenary approaches as a priority. The study determined: average years of natural and energy resources natural systems of the watershed of the basin of the Talas river; the climatic potential of the catchment basin of the Talas river; climatic index of biological productivity of land by D. I. Shashko; a return of one point, allowing to estimate efficiency of use of soil and climatic potential for agricultural production; maximum allowable environmental water demand to increase climate index of biological productivity of landscapes, through the use of ecological services under conditions of anthropogenic activities within the geomorphological facies of the catchment basin of the Talas river; the coefficients of the ecological services of the catchment basin of the Talas river; the long-term average available water resources of administrative regions of the catchment basin of the Talas river. Thus, the obtained data allowed us to scientifically substantiate the level of environmental services of water resources in the catchment of the river basins to increase climate index of the biological productivity of landscapes with an integrated arrangement of their natural systems and reasonable, equitable and fair distribution of water resources in the region in accordance with the program "The agenda for the XXI century", adopted by the UN in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.